California Penal Code
(Last Updated August 2008)

California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 2
This Code takes effect at twelve o'clock, noon, on the first day of January, eighteen hundred and seventy-three.
California Penal Code Section 3
No part of it is retroactive, unless expressly so declared.
California Penal Code Section 4
The rule of the common law, that penal statutes are to be strictly construed, has no application to this Code. All its provisions are to be...
California Penal Code Section 5
The provisions of this Code, so far as they are substantially the same as existing statutes, must be construed as continuations thereof, and not as...
California Penal Code Section 6
No act or omission, commenced after twelve o'clock noon of the day on which this Code takes effect as a law, is criminal or punishable, except as...
California Penal Code Section 7
Words used in this code in the present tense include the future as well as the present; words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and...
California Penal Code Section 7.5
Whenever any offense is described in this code, the Uniform Controlled Substances Act (Division 10 (commencing with Section 11000) of the Health and...
California Penal Code Section 8
Whenever, by any of the provisions of this Code, an intent to defraud is required in order to constitute any offense, it is sufficient if an intent...
California Penal Code Section 9
The omission to specify or affirm in this Code any liability to damages, penalty, forfeiture, or other remedy imposed by law and allowed to be...
California Penal Code Section 10
The omission to specify or affirm in this Code any ground of forfeiture of a public office, or other trust or special authority conferred by law, or...
California Penal Code Section 11
This code does not affect any power conferred by law upon any court-martial, or other military authority or officer, to impose or inflict punishment...
California Penal Code Section 12
The several sections of this Code which declare certain crimes to be punishable as therein mentioned, devolve a duty upon the Court authorized to...
California Penal Code Section 13
Whenever in this Code the punishment for a crime is left undetermined between certain limits, the punishment to be inflicted in a particular case...
California Penal Code Section 14
The various sections of this Code which declare that evidence obtained upon the examination of a person as a witness cannot be received against him...
California Penal Code Section 15
A crime or public offense is an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it, and to which is annexed, upon conviction,
California Penal Code Section 16
Crimes and public offenses include: 1. Felonies; 2. Misdemeanors; and 3. Infractions.
California Penal Code Section 17
(a) A felony is a crime which is punishable with death or by imprisonment in the state prison. Every other crime or public offense is a misdemeanor...
California Penal Code Section 18
Except in cases where a different punishment is prescribed by any law of this state, every offense declared to be a felony, or to be punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 19
Except in cases where a different punishment is prescribed by any law of this state, every offense declared to be a misdemeanor is punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 19.2
In no case shall any person sentenced to confinement in a county or city jail, or in a county or joint county penal farm, road camp, work camp, or...
California Penal Code Section 19.4
When an act or omission is declared by a statute to be a public offense and no penalty for the offense is prescribed in any statute, the act or...
California Penal Code Section 19.6
An infraction is not punishable by imprisonment. A person charged with an infraction shall not be entitled to a trial by jury. A person charged with
California Penal Code Section 19.7
Except as otherwise provided by law, all provisions of law relating to misdemeanors shall apply to infractions including, but not limited to, powers...
California Penal Code Section 19.8
The following offenses are subject to subdivision (d) of Section 17: Sections 193.8, 330, 415, 485, 490.7, 555, 652, and 853.7 of this code;...
California Penal Code Section 20
In every crime or public offense there must exist a union, or joint operation of act and intent, or criminal negligence.
California Penal Code Section 21
(a) The intent or intention is manifested by the circumstances connected with the offense. (b) In the guilt phase of a criminal action or a...
California Penal Code Section 21a
An attempt to commit a crime consists of two elements: a specific intent to commit the crime, and a direct but ineffectual act done toward its...
California Penal Code Section 22
(a) No act committed by a person while in a state of voluntary intoxication is less criminal by reason of his or her having been in that condition. ...
California Penal Code Section 23
In any criminal proceeding against a person who has been issued a license to engage in a business or profession by a state agency pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 24
This Act, whenever cited, enumerated, referred to, or amended, may be designated simply as THE PENAL CODE, adding, when necessary, the number of the...
California Penal Code Section 25
(a) The defense of diminished capacity is hereby abolished. In a criminal action, as well as any juvenile court proceeding, evidence concerning an...
California Penal Code Section 25.5
In any criminal proceeding in which a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity is entered, this defense shall not be found by the trier of fact...
California Penal Code Section 26
All persons are capable of committing crimes except those belonging to the following classes: One--Children under the age of 14, in the absence of
California Penal Code Section 27
(a) The following persons are liable to punishment under the laws of this state: (1) All persons who commit, in whole or in part, any crime...
California Penal Code Section 28
(a) Evidence of mental disease, mental defect, or mental disorder shall not be admitted to show or negate the capacity to form any mental state,...
California Penal Code Section 29
In the guilt phase of a criminal action, any expert testifying about a defendant's mental illness, mental disorder, or mental defect shall not...
California Penal Code Section 30
The parties to crimes are classified as: 1. Principals; and, 2. Accessories.
California Penal Code Section 31
All persons concerned in the commission of a crime, whether it be felony or misdemeanor, and whether they directly commit the act constituting the...
California Penal Code Section 32
Every person who, after a felony has been committed, harbors, conceals or aids a principal in such felony, with the intent that said principal may...
California Penal Code Section 33
Except in cases where a different punishment is prescribed, an accessory is punishable by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by...
California Penal Code Section 37
(a) Treason against this state consists only in levying war against it, adhering to its enemies, or giving them aid and comfort, and can be committed
California Penal Code Section 38
Misprision of treason is the knowledge and concealment of treason, without otherwise assenting to or participating in the crime. It is punishable by
California Penal Code Section 67
Every person who gives or offers any bribe to any executive officer in this state, with intent to influence him in respect to any act, decision,...
California Penal Code Section 67.5
(a) Every person who gives or offers as a bribe to any ministerial officer, employee, or appointee of the State of California, county or city...
California Penal Code Section 68
(a) Every executive or ministerial officer, employee, or appointee of the State of California, a county or city therein, or a political subdivision...
California Penal Code Section 69
Every person who attempts, by means of any threat or violence, to deter or prevent an executive officer from performing any duty imposed upon such...
California Penal Code Section 70
(a) Every executive or ministerial officer, employee, or appointee of the State of California, or any county or city therein, or any political...
California Penal Code Section 70.5
Every commissioner of civil marriages or every deputy commissioner of civil marriages who accepts any money or other thing of value for performing...
California Penal Code Section 71
Every person who, with intent to cause, attempts to cause, or causes, any officer or employee of any public or private educational institution or any
California Penal Code Section 72
Every person who, with intent to defraud, presents for allowance or for payment to any state board or officer, or to any county, city, or district...
California Penal Code Section 72.5
(a) Every person who, knowing a claim seeks public funds for reimbursement of costs incurred in attending a political function organized to support...
California Penal Code Section 73
Every person who gives or offers any gratuity or reward, in consideration that he or any other person shall be appointed to any public office, or...
California Penal Code Section 74
Every public officer who, for any gratuity or reward, appoints another person to a public office, or permits another person to exercise or discharge...
California Penal Code Section 76
(a) Every person who knowingly and willingly threatens the life of, or threatens serious bodily harm to, any elected public official, county public...
California Penal Code Section 77
The various provisions of this title, except Section 76, apply to administrative and ministerial officers, in the same manner as if they were...
California Penal Code Section 85
Every person who gives or offers to give a bribe to any Member of the Legislature, any member of the legislative body of a city, county, city and...
California Penal Code Section 86
Every Member of either house of the Legislature, or any member of the legislative body of a city, county, city and county, school district, or other...
California Penal Code Section 88
Every Member of the Legislature, and every member of a legislative body of a city, county, city and county, school district, or other special...
California Penal Code Section 92
Every person who gives or offers to give a bribe to any judicial officer, juror, referee, arbitrator, or umpire, or to any person who may be...
California Penal Code Section 93
(a) Every judicial officer, juror, referee, arbitrator, or umpire, and every person authorized by law to hear or determine any question or...
California Penal Code Section 94
Every judicial officer who asks or receives any emolument, gratuity, or reward, or any promise thereof, except such as may be authorized by law, for...
California Penal Code Section 94.5
Every judge, justice, commissioner, or assistant commissioner of a court of this state who accepts any money or other thing of value for performing...
California Penal Code Section 95
Every person who corruptly attempts to influence a juror, or any person summoned or drawn as a juror, or chosen as an arbitrator or umpire, or...
California Penal Code Section 95.1
Every person who threatens a juror with respect to a criminal proceeding in which a verdict has been rendered and who has the intent and apparent...
California Penal Code Section 95.2
Any person who, with knowledge of the relationship of the parties and without court authorization and juror consent, intentionally provides a...
California Penal Code Section 95.3
Any person licensed pursuant to Chapter 11.5 (commencing with Section 7512) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code who, with knowledge of
California Penal Code Section 96
Every juror, or person drawn or summoned as a juror, or chosen arbitrator or umpire, or appointed referee, who either: One--Makes any promise or...
California Penal Code Section 96.5
(a) Every judicial officer, court commissioner, or referee who commits any act that he or she knows perverts or obstructs justice, is guilty of a...
California Penal Code Section 98
Every officer convicted of any crime defined in this Chapter, in addition to the punishment prescribed, forfeits his office and is forever...
California Penal Code Section 99
The Superintendent of State Printing shall not, during his continuance in office, have any interest, either directly or indirectly, in any contract...
California Penal Code Section 100
If the Superintendent of State Printing corruptly colludes with any person or persons furnishing paper or materials, or bidding therefor, or with any
California Penal Code Section 102
Every person who willfully injures or destroys, or takes or attempts to take, or assists any person in taking or attempting to take, from the custody
California Penal Code Section 107
Every prisoner charged with or convicted of a felony who is an inmate of any public training school or reformatory or county hospital who escapes or...
California Penal Code Section 109
Any person who willfully assists any inmate of any public training school or reformatory to escape, or in an attempt to escape from such public...
California Penal Code Section 110
Every person who carries or sends into a public training school, or reformatory, anything useful to aid a prisoner or inmate in making his escape,...
California Penal Code Section 112
(a) Any person who manufactures or sells any false government document with the intent to conceal the true citizenship or resident alien status of...
California Penal Code Section 113
Any person who manufactures, distributes or sells false documents to conceal the true citizenship or resident alien status of another person is...
California Penal Code Section 114
Any person who uses false documents to conceal his or her true citizenship or resident alien status is guilty of a felony, and shall be punished by...
California Penal Code Section 115
(a) Every person who knowingly procures or offers any false or forged instrument to be filed, registered, or recorded in any public office within...
California Penal Code Section 115.1
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that the voters of California are entitled to accurate representations in materials that are directed to them...
California Penal Code Section 115.2
(a) No person shall publish or cause to be published, with actual knowledge, and intent to deceive, any campaign advertisement containing false or...
California Penal Code Section 115.25
(a) No person or entity shall authorize the production or distribution, or participate in the authorization of the production or distribution, of...
California Penal Code Section 115.3
Any person who alters a certified copy of an official record, or knowingly furnishes an altered certified copy of an official record, of this state,...
California Penal Code Section 115.5
(a) Every person who files any false or forged document or instrument with the county recorder which affects title to, places an encumbrance on, or...
California Penal Code Section 116
Every person who adds any names to the list of persons selected to serve as jurors for the county, either by placing the names in the jury box or...
California Penal Code Section 116.5
(a) A person is guilty of tampering with a jury when, prior to, or within 90 days of, discharge of the jury in a criminal proceeding, he or she does...
California Penal Code Section 117
Every officer or person required by law to certify to the list of persons selected as jurors who maliciously, corruptly, or willfully certifies to a...
California Penal Code Section 118
(a) Every person who, having taken an oath that he or she will testify, declare, depose, or certify truly before any competent tribunal, officer, or...
California Penal Code Section 118.1
Every peace officer who files any report with the agency which employs him or her regarding the commission of any crime or any investigation of any...
California Penal Code Section 118a
Any person who, in any affidavit taken before any person authorized to administer oaths, swears, affirms, declares, deposes, or certifies that he...
California Penal Code Section 119
The term "oath," as used in the last two sections, includes an affirmation and every other mode authorized by law of attesting the truth of that...
California Penal Code Section 120
So much of an oath of office as relates to the future performance of official duties is not such an oath as is intended by the two preceding...
California Penal Code Section 121
It is no defense to a prosecution for perjury that the oath was administered or taken in an irregular manner, or that the person accused of perjury...
California Penal Code Section 122
It is no defense to a prosecution for perjury that the accused was not competent to give the testimony, deposition, or certificate of which falsehood
California Penal Code Section 123
It is no defense to a prosecution for perjury that the accused did not know the materiality of the false statement made by him; or that it did not,...
California Penal Code Section 124
The making of a deposition, affidavit or certificate is deemed to be complete, within the provisions of this chapter, from the time when it is...
California Penal Code Section 125
An unqualified statement of that which one does not know to be true is equivalent to a statement of that which one knows to be false.
California Penal Code Section 126
Perjury is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three or four years.
California Penal Code Section 127
Every person who willfully procures another person to commit perjury is guilty of subornation of perjury, and is punishable in the same manner as he...
California Penal Code Section 128
Every person who, by willful perjury or subornation of perjury procures the conviction and execution of any innocent person, is punishable by death...
California Penal Code Section 129
Every person who, being required by law to make any return, statement, or report, under oath, willfully makes and delivers any such return,...
California Penal Code Section 131
Every person in any matter under investigation for a violation of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Part 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of...
California Penal Code Section 132
Every person who upon any trial, proceeding, inquiry, or investigation whatever, authorized or permitted by law, offers in evidence, as genuine or...
California Penal Code Section 132.5
(a) The Legislature supports and affirms the constitutional right of every person to communicate on any subject. This section is intended to...
California Penal Code Section 132.5
(a) The Legislature supports and affirms the constitutional right of every person to communicate on any subject. This section is intended to...
California Penal Code Section 133
Every person who practices any fraud or deceit, or knowingly makes or exhibits any false statement, representation, token, or writing, to any witness
California Penal Code Section 134
Every person guilty of preparing any false or ante-dated book, paper, record, instrument in writing, or other matter or thing, with intent to produce
California Penal Code Section 135
Every person who, knowing that any book, paper, record, instrument in writing, or other matter or thing, is about to be produced in evidence upon any
California Penal Code Section 135.5
Any person who knowingly alters, tampers with, conceals, or destroys relevant evidence in any disciplinary proceeding against a public safety...
California Penal Code Section 136
As used in this chapter: (1) "Malice" means an intent to vex, annoy, harm, or injure in any way another person, or to thwart or interfere in any...
California Penal Code Section 136.1
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), any person who does any of the following is guilty of a public offense and shall be punished by...
California Penal Code Section 136.2
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), upon a good cause belief that harm to, or intimidation or dissuasion of, a victim or witness has occurred...
California Penal Code Section 136.3
(a) The court shall order that any party enjoined pursuant to Section 136.2 be prohibited from taking any action to obtain the address or location of
California Penal Code Section 136.5
Any person who has upon his person a deadly weapon with the intent to use such weapon to commit a violation of Section 136.1 is guilty of an offense...
California Penal Code Section 136.7
Every person imprisoned in a county jail or the state prison who has been convicted of a sexual offense, including, but not limited to, a violation...
California Penal Code Section 137
(a) Every person who gives or offers, or promises to give, to any witness, person about to be called as a witness, or person about to give material...
California Penal Code Section 138
(a) Every person who gives or offers or promises to give to any witness or person about to be called as a witness, any bribe upon any understanding...
California Penal Code Section 139
(a) Except as provided in Sections 71 and 136.1, any person who has been convicted of any felony offense specified in Section 12021.1 who willfully...
California Penal Code Section 140
(a) Except as provided in Section 139, every person who willfully uses force or threatens to use force or violence upon the person of a witness to,...
California Penal Code Section 141
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who knowingly, willfully, and intentionally alters, modifies, plants, places, manufactures,...
California Penal Code Section 142
(a) Any peace officer who has the authority to receive or arrest a person charged with a criminal offense and willfully refuses to receive or arrest...
California Penal Code Section 145
Every public officer or other person, having arrested any person upon a criminal charge, who willfully delays to take such person before a magistrate
California Penal Code Section 146
Every public officer, or person pretending to be a public officer, who, under the pretense or color of any process or other legal authority, does any
California Penal Code Section 146a
(a) Any person who falsely represents himself or herself to be a deputy or clerk in any state department and who, in that assumed character, does any
California Penal Code Section 146b
Every person who, with intent to lead another to believe that a request or demand for information is being made by the State, a county, city, or...
California Penal Code Section 146c
Every person who designates any nongovernmental organization by any name, including, but not limited to any name that incorporates the term "peace...
California Penal Code Section 146d
Every person who sells or gives to another a membership card, badge, or other device, where it can be reasonably inferred by the recipient that...
California Penal Code Section 146e
(a) Every person who maliciously, and with the intent to obstruct justice or the due administration of the laws, or with the intent or threat to...
California Penal Code Section 146f
No inmate under the control or supervision of the Department of Corrections or the Department of the Youth Authority shall be permitted to work with...
California Penal Code Section 146g
(a) Any peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, any employee of a law enforcement agency, any...
California Penal Code Section 147
Every officer who is guilty of willful inhumanity or oppression toward any prisoner under his care or in his custody, is punishable by fine not...
California Penal Code Section 148
(a) (1) Every person who willfully resists, delays, or obstructs any public officer, peace officer, or an emergency medical technician, as defined in
California Penal Code Section 148.1
(a) Any person who reports to any peace officer listed in Section 830.1 or 830.2, or subdivision (a) of Section 830.33, employee of a fire department
California Penal Code Section 148.2
Every person who willfully commits any of the following acts at the burning of a building or at any other time and place where any fireman or firemen
California Penal Code Section 148.3
(a) Any individual who reports, or causes any report to be made, to any city, county, city and county, or state department, district, agency,...
California Penal Code Section 148.4
(a) Any person who does any of the following is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail, not...
California Penal Code Section 148.5
(a) Every person who reports to any peace officer listed in Section 830.1 or 830.2, or subdivision (a) of Section 830.33, the Attorney General, or a...
California Penal Code Section 148.6
(a) (1) Every person who files any allegation of misconduct against any peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of...
California Penal Code Section 148.7
Every person who, for the purpose of serving in any county or city jail, industrial farm or road camp, or other local correctional institution any...
California Penal Code Section 148.9
(a) Any person who falsely represents or identifies himself or herself as another person or as a fictitious person to any peace officer listed in...
California Penal Code Section 148.10
(a) Every person who willfully resists a peace officer in the discharge or attempt to discharge any duty of his or her office or employment and whose
California Penal Code Section 149
Every public officer who, under color of authority, without lawful necessity, assaults or beats any person, is punishable by a fine not exceeding ten
California Penal Code Section 150
Every able-bodied person above 18 years of age who neglects or refuses to join the posse comitatus or power of the county, by neglecting or refusing...
California Penal Code Section 151
(a) Any person who advocates the willful and unlawful killing or injuring of a peace officer, with the specific intent to cause the willful and...
California Penal Code Section 152
(a) Every person who, having knowledge of an accidental death, actively conceals or attempts to conceal that death, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor...
California Penal Code Section 152.3
(a) Any person who reasonably believes that he or she has observed the commission of any of the following offenses where the victim is a child under...
California Penal Code Section 153
Every person who, having knowledge of the actual commission of a crime, takes money or property of another, or any gratuity or reward, or any...
California Penal Code Section 154
(a) Every debtor who fraudulently removes his or her property or effects out of this state, or who fraudulently sells, conveys, assigns or conceals...
California Penal Code Section 155
(a) Every person against whom an action is pending, or against whom a judgment has been rendered for the recovery of any personal property, who...
California Penal Code Section 155.5
(a) Any defendant who is ordered to pay any fine or restitution in connection with the commission of a misdemeanor and who, after the plea or...
California Penal Code Section 156
Every person who fraudulently produces an infant, falsely pretending it to have been born of any parent whose child would be entitled to inherit any...
California Penal Code Section 157
Every person to whom an infant has been confided for nursing, education, or any other purpose, who, with intent to deceive any parent or guardian of...
California Penal Code Section 158
Common barratry is the practice of exciting groundless judicial proceedings, and is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six...
California Penal Code Section 159
No person can be convicted of common barratry except upon proof that he has excited suits or proceedings at law in at least three instances, and with
California Penal Code Section 160
(a) No bail licensee may employ, engage, solicit, pay, or promise any payment, compensation, consideration or thing of value to any person...
California Penal Code Section 165
Every person who gives or offers a bribe to any member of any common council, board of supervisors, or board of trustees of any county, city and...
California Penal Code Section 166
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b), (c), and (d), every person guilty of any contempt of court, of any of the following kinds, is guilty of a
California Penal Code Section 166.5
(a) After arrest and before plea or trial or after conviction or plea of guilty and before sentence under paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section
California Penal Code Section 166.5
(a) After arrest and before plea or trial or after conviction or plea of guilty and before sentence under paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section
California Penal Code Section 167
Every person who, by any means whatsoever, willfully and knowingly, and without knowledge and consent of the jury, records, or attempts to record,...
California Penal Code Section 168
(a) Every district attorney, clerk, judge, or peace officer who, except by issuing or in executing a search warrant or warrant of arrest for a...
California Penal Code Section 169
Any person who pickets or parades in or near a building which houses a court of this state with the intent to interfere with, obstruct, or impede the
California Penal Code Section 170
Every person who maliciously and without probable cause procures a search warrant or warrant of arrest to be issued and executed, is guilty of a...
California Penal Code Section 171
Every person, not authorized by law, who, without the permission of the officer in charge of any reformatory in this State, communicates with any...
California Penal Code Section 171b
(a) Any person who brings or possesses within any state or local public building or at any meeting required to be open to the public pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 171c
Any person, except a duly appointed peace officer as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, a full-time paid...
California Penal Code Section 171d
Any person, except a duly appointed peace officer as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, a full-time paid...
California Penal Code Section 171e
A firearm shall be deemed loaded for the purposes of Sections 171c and 171d whenever both the firearm and unexpended ammunition capable of being...
California Penal Code Section 171f
No person or group of persons shall willfully and knowingly: 1. Enter or remain within or upon any part of the chamber of either house of the...
California Penal Code Section 171.5
(a) For purposes of this section: (1) "Airport" means an airport, with a secured area, that regularly serves an air carrier holding a certificate...
California Penal Code Section 172
(a) Every person who, within one-half mile of the land belonging to this state upon which any state prison, or within 1,900 feet of the land...
California Penal Code Section 172a
Every person who, within one and one-half miles of the university grounds or campus, upon which are located the principal administrative offices of...
California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 172c
Section 172a shall not apply to the sale at auction of alcoholic beverages by a nonprofit organization at the California Science Center premises...
California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 172e
The provisions of Sections 172, 172a, 172b, 172d, and 172g of this code shall not apply to the sale or the exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic
California Penal Code Section 172f
The provisions of Sections 172, 172a, 172b, 172d, and 172g of this code shall not apply to the sale or the exposing or offering for sale of any...
California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 172h
The provisions of Sections 172, 172a, 172b, 172d and 172g of this code shall not be applied to prohibit the sale or the exposing or offering for sale
California Penal Code Section 172j
The provisions of Sections 172, 172a, 172b, 172d, and 172g shall not apply to the sale or exposing for sale of any intoxicating liquor on the...
California Penal Code Section 172l
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale or offering for sale of any intoxicating liquor on the premises of, and by the holder or...
California Penal Code Section 172m
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale or the exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic beverages at premises licensed under any
California Penal Code Section 172n
The provisions of Sections 172a and 172b shall not apply to the sale or exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic beverages by any off-sale licensee
California Penal Code Section 172o
The provisions of Sections 172, 172a, 172b, 172d, and 172g shall not apply to the sale of wine for consumption off the premises where sold when the...
California Penal Code Section 172p
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale or exposing or offering for sale of beer or wine by any on-sale licensee under the...
California Penal Code Section 172.1
No provision of law shall prevent the possession or use of wine on any state university, state college or community college premises solely for use...
California Penal Code Section 172.3
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale or exposing or offering for sale of any alcoholic beverages on the premises of, and by the
California Penal Code Section 172.5
The provisions of Sections 172 and 172a of this code shall not apply to the sale or exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic beverages by a...
California Penal Code Section 172.6
The provisions of Section 172 of this code shall not apply to the sale, gift, or exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic beverages by a licensee...
California Penal Code Section 172.7
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale, gift, or exposing or offering for sale of alcoholic beverages by a licensee under the...
California Penal Code Section 172.8
The provisions of Section 172a shall not apply to the sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises, by a nonprofit organization at a...
California Penal Code Section 172.9
The word "university," when used in this chapter with reference to the sale, exposing or offering for sale, of alcoholic beverages, means an...
California Penal Code Section 172.95
Sections 172 to 172.9, inclusive, do not apply to sales to wholesalers or retailers by licensed winegrowers, brandy manufacturers, beer...
California Penal Code Section 173
Every Captain, Master of a vessel, or other person, who willfully imports, brings, or sends, or causes or procures to be brought or sent, into this...
California Penal Code Section 175
Every individual person of the classes referred to in Section 173, brought to or landed within this state contrary to the provisions of such section,
California Penal Code Section 181
Every person who holds, or attempts to hold, any person in involuntary servitude, or assumes, or attempts to assume, rights of ownership over any...
California Penal Code Section 182
(a) If two or more persons conspire: (1) To commit any crime. (2) Falsely and maliciously to indict another for any crime, or to procure...
California Penal Code Section 182.5
Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) or (b) of Section 182, any person who actively participates in any criminal street gang, as defined in subdivision...
California Penal Code Section 183
No conspiracies, other than those enumerated in the preceding section, are punishable criminally.
California Penal Code Section 184
No agreement amounts to a conspiracy, unless some act, beside such agreement, be done within this state to effect the object thereof, by one or more...
California Penal Code Section 186
This act may be cited as the "California Control of Profits of Organized Crime Act."
California Penal Code Section 186.1
The Legislature hereby finds and declares that an effective means of punishing and deterring criminal activities of organized crime is through the...
California Penal Code Section 186.2
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply: (a) "Criminal profiteering activity" means any act committed or attempted or any...
California Penal Code Section 186.3
(a) In any case in which a person is alleged to have been engaged in a pattern of criminal profiteering activity, upon a conviction of the underlying
California Penal Code Section 186.4
(a) The prosecuting agency shall, in conjunction with the criminal proceeding, file a petition of forfeiture with the superior court of the county in
California Penal Code Section 186.5
(a) Any person claiming an interest in the property or proceeds may, at any time within 30 days from the date of the first publication of the notice...
California Penal Code Section 186.6
(a) Concurrent with, or subsequent to, the filing of the petition, the prosecuting agency may move the superior court for the following pendente lite
California Penal Code Section 186.7
(a) If the trier of fact at the forfeiture hearing finds that the alleged property or proceeds is forfeitable pursuant to Section 186.3 and the...
California Penal Code Section 186.8
Notwithstanding that no response or claim has been filed pursuant to Section 186.5, in all cases where property is forfeited pursuant to this chapter
California Penal Code Section 186.9
As used in this chapter: (a) "Conducts" includes, but is not limited to, initiating, concluding, or participating in conducting, initiating, or...
California Penal Code Section 186.10
(a) Any person who conducts or attempts to conduct a transaction or more than one transaction within a seven-day period involving a monetary...
California Penal Code Section 186.11
(a) (1) Any person who commits two or more related felonies, a material element of which is fraud or embezzlement, which involve a pattern of related
California Penal Code Section 186.20
This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "California Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act."
California Penal Code Section 186.21
The Legislature hereby finds and declares that it is the right of every person, regardless of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, gender,...
California Penal Code Section 186.22
(a) Any person who actively participates in any criminal street gang with knowledge that its members engage in or have engaged in a pattern of...
California Penal Code Section 186.22a
(a) Every building or place used by members of a criminal street gang for the purpose of the commission of the offenses listed in subdivision (e) of...
California Penal Code Section 186.23
This chapter does not apply to employees engaged in concerted activities for their mutual aid and protection, or the activities of labor...
California Penal Code Section 186.24
If any part or provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter,...
California Penal Code Section 186.25
Nothing in this chapter shall prevent a local governing body from adopting and enforcing laws consistent with this chapter relating to gangs and gang
California Penal Code Section 186.26
(a) Any person who solicits or recruits another to actively participate in a criminal street gang, as defined in subdivision (f) of Section 186.22,...
California Penal Code Section 186.28
(a) Any person, corporation, or firm who shall knowingly supply, sell, or give possession or control of any firearm to another shall be punished by...
California Penal Code Section 186.30
(a) Any person described in subdivision (b) shall register with the chief of police of the city in which he or she resides, or the sheriff of the...
California Penal Code Section 186.31
At the time of sentencing in adult court, or at the time of the dispositional hearing in the juvenile court, the court shall inform any person...
California Penal Code Section 186.32
(a) The registration required by Section 186.30 shall consist of the following: (1) Juvenile registration shall include the following: (A) The...
California Penal Code Section 186.33
(a) Any person required to register pursuant to Section 186.30 who knowingly violates any of its provisions is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) (1)...
California Penal Code Section 187
(a) Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being, or a fetus, with malice aforethought. (b) This section shall not apply to any person who...
California Penal Code Section 188
Such malice may be express or implied. It is express when there is manifested a deliberate intention unlawfully to take away the life of a fellow...
California Penal Code Section 189
All murder which is perpetrated by means of a destructive device or explosive, a weapon of mass destruction, knowing use of ammunition designed...
California Penal Code Section 189.5
(a) Upon a trial for murder, the commission of the homicide by the defendant being proved, the burden of proving circumstances of mitigation, or that
California Penal Code Section 190
(a) Every person guilty of murder in the first degree shall be punished by death, imprisonment in the state prison for life without the possibility...
California Penal Code Section 190.03
(a) A person who commits first-degree murder that is a hate crime shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for life without the...
California Penal Code Section 190.05
(a) The penalty for a defendant found guilty of murder in the second degree, who has served a prior prison term for murder in the first or second...
California Penal Code Section 190.1
A case in which the death penalty may be imposed pursuant to this chapter shall be tried in separate phases as follows: (a) The question of the...
California Penal Code Section 190.2
(a) The penalty for a defendant who is found guilty of murder in the first degree is death or imprisonment in the state prison for life without the...
California Penal Code Section 190.25
(a) The penalty for a defendant found guilty of murder in the first degree shall be confinement in state prison for a term of life without the...
California Penal Code Section 190.3
If the defendant has been found guilty of murder in the first degree, and a special circumstance has been charged and found to be true, or if the...
California Penal Code Section 190.4
(a) Whenever special circumstances as enumerated in Section 190.2 are alleged and the trier of fact finds the defendant guilty of first degree...
California Penal Code Section 190.41
Notwithstanding Section 190.4 or any other provision of law, the corpus delicti of a felony-based special circumstance enumerated in paragraph (17)...
California Penal Code Section 190.5
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the death penalty shall not be imposed upon any person who is under the age of 18 at the time of the...
California Penal Code Section 190.6
(a) The Legislature finds that the sentence in all capital cases should be imposed expeditiously. (b) Therefore, in all cases in which a sentence...
California Penal Code Section 190.7
(a) The "entire record" referred to in Section 190.6 includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) The normal and additional record...
California Penal Code Section 190.8
(a) In any case in which a death sentence has been imposed, the record on appeal shall be expeditiously certified in two stages, the first for...
California Penal Code Section 190.9
(a) (1) In any case in which a death sentence may be imposed, all proceedings conducted in the superior court, including all conferences and...
California Penal Code Section 191
The rules of the common law, distinguishing the killing of a master by his servant, and of a husband by his wife, as petit treason, are abolished,...
California Penal Code Section 191.5
(a) Gross vehicular manslaughter while intoxicated is the unlawful killing of a human being without malice aforethought, in the driving of a vehicle,
California Penal Code Section 192
Manslaughter is the unlawful killing of a human being without malice. It is of three kinds: (a) Voluntary--upon a sudden quarrel or heat of...
California Penal Code Section 192.5
Vehicular manslaughter pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 191.5 and subdivision (c) of Section 192 is the unlawful killing of a human being...
California Penal Code Section 193
(a) Voluntary manslaughter is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for 3, 6, or 11 years. (b) Involuntary manslaughter is punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 193.5
Manslaughter committed during the operation of a vessel is punishable as follows: (a) A violation of subdivision (a) of Section 192.5 is...
California Penal Code Section 193.7
A person convicted of a violation of subdivision (b) of Section 191.5 that occurred within seven years of two or more separate violations of Section...
California Penal Code Section 193.8
(a) An adult, who is the registered owner of a motor vehicle or in possession of a motor vehicle, shall not relinquish possession of the vehicle to a
California Penal Code Section 194
To make the killing either murder or manslaughter, it is not requisite that the party die within three years and a day after the stroke received or...
California Penal Code Section 195
Homicide is excusable in the following cases: 1. When committed by accident and misfortune, or in doing any other lawful act by lawful means, with
California Penal Code Section 196
Homicide is justifiable when committed by public officers and those acting by their command in their aid and assistance, either-- 1. In obedience...
California Penal Code Section 197
Homicide is also justifiable when committed by any person in any of the following cases: 1. When resisting any attempt to murder any person, or to
California Penal Code Section 198
A bare fear of the commission of any of the offenses mentioned in subdivisions 2 and 3 of Section 197, to prevent which homicide may be lawfully...
California Penal Code Section 198.5
Any person using force intended or likely to cause death or great bodily injury within his or her residence shall be presumed to have held a...
California Penal Code Section 199
The homicide appearing to be justifiable or excusable, the person indicted must, upon his trial, be fully acquitted and discharged.
California Penal Code Section 203
Every person who unlawfully and maliciously deprives a human being of a member of his body, or disables, disfigures, or renders it useless, or cuts...
California Penal Code Section 204
Mayhem is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, four, or eight years.
California Penal Code Section 205
A person is guilty of aggravated mayhem when he or she unlawfully, under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the physical or...
California Penal Code Section 206
Every person who, with the intent to cause cruel or extreme pain and suffering for the purpose of revenge, extortion, persuasion, or for any sadistic
California Penal Code Section 206.1
Torture is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for a term of life.
California Penal Code Section 207
(a) Every person who forcibly, or by any other means of instilling fear, steals or takes, or holds, detains, or arrests any person in this state, and
California Penal Code Section 208
(a) Kidnapping is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three, five, or eight years. (b) If the person kidnapped is under 14 years of
California Penal Code Section 209
(a) Any person who seizes, confines, inveigles, entices, decoys, abducts, conceals, kidnaps or carries away another person by any means whatsoever...
California Penal Code Section 209.5
(a) Any person who, during the commission of a carjacking and in order to facilitate the commission of the carjacking, kidnaps another person who is...
California Penal Code Section 210
Every person who for the purpose of obtaining any ransom or reward, or to extort or exact from any person any money or thing of value, poses as, or...
California Penal Code Section 210.5
Every person who commits the offense of false imprisonment, as defined in Section 236, against a person for purposes of protection from arrest, which
California Penal Code Section 211
Robbery is the felonious taking of personal property in the possession of another, from his person or immediate presence, and against his will,...
California Penal Code Section 212
The fear mentioned in Section 211 may be either: 1. The fear of an unlawful injury to the person or property of the person robbed, or of any...
California Penal Code Section 212.5
(a) Every robbery of any person who is performing his or her duties as an operator of any bus, taxicab, cable car, streetcar, trackless trolley, or...
California Penal Code Section 213
(a) Robbery is punishable as follows: (1) Robbery of the first degree is punishable as follows: (A) If the defendant, voluntarily acting in...
California Penal Code Section 214
Every person who goes upon or boards any railroad train, car or engine, with the intention of robbing any passenger or other person on such train,...
California Penal Code Section 215
(a) "Carjacking" is the felonious taking of a motor vehicle in the possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, or from the...
California Penal Code Section 217.1
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), every person who commits any assault upon the President or Vice President of the United States, the...
California Penal Code Section 218
Every person who unlawfully throws out a switch, removes a rail, or places any obstruction on any railroad with the intention of derailing any...
California Penal Code Section 218.1
Any person who unlawfully and with gross negligence places or causes to be placed any obstruction upon or near the track of any railroad that...
California Penal Code Section 219
Every person who unlawfully throws out a switch, removes a rail, or places any obstruction on any railroad with the intention of derailing any...
California Penal Code Section 219.1
Every person who unlawfully throws, hurls or projects at a vehicle operated by a common carrier, while such vehicle is either in motion or...
California Penal Code Section 219.2
Every person who willfully throws, hurls, or projects a stone or other hard substance, or shoots a missile, at a train, locomotive, railway car,...
California Penal Code Section 219.3
Any person who wilfully drops or throws any object or missile from any toll bridge is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 220
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who assaults another with intent to commit mayhem, rape, sodomy, oral copulation, or any...
California Penal Code Section 222
Every person guilty of administering to another any chloroform, ether, laudanum, or any controlled substance, anaesthetic, or intoxicating agent,...
California Penal Code Section 236
False imprisonment is the unlawful violation of the personal liberty of another.
California Penal Code Section 236.1
(a) Any person who deprives or violates the personal liberty of another with the intent to effect or maintain a felony violation of Section 266,...
California Penal Code Section 236.2
Law enforcement agencies shall use due diligence to identify all victims of human trafficking, regardless of the citizenship of the person. When a...
California Penal Code Section 236.5
(a) Within 15 business days of the first encounter with a victim of human trafficking, as defined by Section 236.1, law enforcement agencies shall...
California Penal Code Section 237
(a) False imprisonment is punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than...
California Penal Code Section 240
An assault is an unlawful attempt, coupled with a present ability, to commit a violent injury on the person of another.
California Penal Code Section 241
(a) An assault is punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months,...
California Penal Code Section 241.1
When an assault is committed against the person of a custodial officer as defined in Section 831 or 831.5, and the person committing the offense...
California Penal Code Section 241.2
(a) (1) When an assault is committed on school or park property against any person, the assault is punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand...
California Penal Code Section 241.3
(a) When an assault is committed against any person on the property of, or on a motor vehicle of, a public transportation provider, the offense shall
California Penal Code Section 241.4
An assault is punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or by...
California Penal Code Section 241.5
(a) When an assault is committed against a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties and the person committing the offense...
California Penal Code Section 241.6
When an assault is committed against a school employee engaged in the performance of his or her duties, or in retaliation for an act performed in the
California Penal Code Section 241.7
Any person who is a party to a civil or criminal action in which a jury has been selected to try the case and who, while the legal action is pending...
California Penal Code Section 241.8
(a) Any person who commits an assault against a member of the United States Armed Forces because of the victim's service in the United States Armed...
California Penal Code Section 242
A battery is any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another.
California Penal Code Section 243
(a) A battery is punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six months, or...
California Penal Code Section 243.1
When a battery is committed against the person of a custodial officer as defined in Section 831 of the Penal Code, and the person committing the...
California Penal Code Section 243.2
(a) (1) Except as otherwise provided in Section 243.6, when a battery is committed on school property, park property, or the grounds of a public or...
California Penal Code Section 243.25
When a battery is committed against the person of an elder or a dependent adult as defined in Section 368, with knowledge that he or she is an elder...
California Penal Code Section 243.3
When a battery is committed against the person of an operator, driver, or passenger on a bus, taxicab, streetcar, cable car, trackless trolley, or...
California Penal Code Section 243.35
(a) Except as provided in Section 243.3, when a battery is committed against any person on the property of, or in a motor vehicle of, a public...
California Penal Code Section 243.4
(a) Any person who touches an intimate part of another person while that person is unlawfully restrained by the accused or an accomplice, and if the...
California Penal Code Section 243.5
(a) When a person commits an assault or battery on school property during hours when school activities are being conducted, a peace officer may,...
California Penal Code Section 243.6
When a battery is committed against a school employee engaged in the performance of his or her duties, or in retaliation for an act performed in the...
California Penal Code Section 243.65
(a) When a battery is committed against the person of a highway worker engaged in the performance of his or her duties and the person committing the...
California Penal Code Section 243.7
Any person who is a party to a civil or criminal action in which a jury has been selected to try the case and who, while the legal action is pending...
California Penal Code Section 243.8
(a) When a battery is committed against a sports official immediately prior to, during, or immediately following an interscholastic, intercollegiate,
California Penal Code Section 243.83
(a) It is unlawful for any person attending a professional sporting event to do any of the following: (1) Throw any object on or across the court...
California Penal Code Section 243.9
(a) Every person confined in any local detention facility who commits a battery by gassing upon the person of any peace officer, as defined in...
California Penal Code Section 243.10
(a) Any person who commits a battery against a member of the United States Armed Forces because of the victim's service in the United States Armed...
California Penal Code Section 244
Any person who willfully and maliciously places or throws, or causes to be placed or thrown, upon the person of another, any vitriol, corrosive acid,
California Penal Code Section 244.5
(a) As used in this section, "stun gun" means any item, except a less lethal weapon, as defined in Section 12601, used or intended to be used as...
California Penal Code Section 245
(a) (1) Any person who commits an assault upon the person of another with a deadly weapon or instrument other than a firearm or by any means of force
California Penal Code Section 245.1
As used in Sections 148.2, 241, 243, 244.5, and 245, "fireman" or "firefighter" includes any person who is an officer, employee or member of a fire...
California Penal Code Section 245.2
Every person who commits an assault with a deadly weapon or instrument or by any means of force likely to produce great bodily injury upon the person
California Penal Code Section 245.3
Every person who commits an assault with a deadly weapon or instrument or by any means likely to produce great bodily injury upon the person of a...
California Penal Code Section 245.5
(a) Every person who commits an assault with a deadly weapon or instrument, other than a firearm, or by any means likely to produce great bodily...
California Penal Code Section 245.6
(a) It shall be unlawful to engage in hazing, as defined in this section. (b) "Hazing" means any method of initiation or preinitiation into a...
California Penal Code Section 246
Any person who shall maliciously and willfully discharge a firearm at an inhabited dwelling house, occupied building, occupied motor vehicle,...
California Penal Code Section 246.1
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (f), upon the conviction of any person found guilty of murder in the first or second degree, manslaughter,...
California Penal Code Section 246.3
(a) Except as otherwise authorized by law, any person who willfully discharges a firearm in a grossly negligent manner which could result in injury...
California Penal Code Section 247
(a) Any person who willfully and maliciously discharges a firearm at an unoccupied aircraft is guilty of a felony. (b) Any person who discharges a
California Penal Code Section 247.5
Any person who willfully and maliciously discharges a laser at an aircraft, whether in motion or in flight, while occupied, is guilty of a violation
California Penal Code Section 248
Any person who, with the intent to interfere with the operation of an aircraft, willfully shines a light or other bright device, of an intensity...
California Penal Code Section 261
(a) Rape is an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a person not the spouse of the perpetrator, under any of the following circumstances: ...
California Penal Code Section 261.5
(a) Unlawful sexual intercourse is an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a person who is not the spouse of the perpetrator, if the person is
California Penal Code Section 261.6
In prosecutions under Section 261, 262, 286, 288a, or 289, in which consent is at issue, "consent" shall be defined to mean positive cooperation in...
California Penal Code Section 261.7
In prosecutions under Section 261, 262, 286, 288a, or 289, in which consent is at issue, evidence that the victim suggested, requested, or otherwise...
California Penal Code Section 262
(a) Rape of a person who is the spouse of the perpetrator is an act of sexual intercourse accomplished under any of the following circumstances: ...
California Penal Code Section 263
The essential guilt of rape consists in the outrage to the person and feelings of the victim of the rape. Any sexual penetration, however slight, is
California Penal Code Section 264
(a) Rape, as defined in Section 261 or 262, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years. (b) In addition to...
California Penal Code Section 264.1
The provisions of Section 264 notwithstanding, in any case in which the defendant, voluntarily acting in concert with another person, by force or...
California Penal Code Section 264.2
(a) Whenever there is an alleged violation or violations of subdivision (e) of Section 243, or Section 261, 261.5, 262, 273.5, 286, 288a, or 289, the
California Penal Code Section 265
Every person who takes any woman unlawfully, against her will, and by force, menace or duress, compels her to marry him, or to marry any other...
California Penal Code Section 266
Every person who inveigles or entices any unmarried female, of previous chaste character, under the age of 18 years, into any house of ill fame, or...
California Penal Code Section 266a
Every person who, within this state, takes any person against his or her will and without his or her consent, or with his or her consent procured by...
California Penal Code Section 266b
Every person who takes any other person unlawfully, and against his or her will, and by force, menace, or duress, compels him or her to live with...
California Penal Code Section 266c
Every person who induces any other person to engage in sexual intercourse, sexual penetration, oral copulation, or sodomy when his or her consent is...
California Penal Code Section 266d
Any person who receives any money or other valuable thing for or on account of placing in custody any other person for the purpose of causing the...
California Penal Code Section 266e
Every person who purchases, or pays any money or other valuable thing for, any person for the purpose of prostitution as defined in subdivision (b)...
California Penal Code Section 266f
Every person who sells any person or receives any money or other valuable thing for or on account of his or her placing in custody, for immoral...
California Penal Code Section 266g
Every man who, by force, intimidation, threats, persuasion, promises, or any other means, places or leaves, or procures any other person or persons...
California Penal Code Section 266h
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who, knowing another person is a prostitute, lives or derives support or maintenance in whole...
California Penal Code Section 266i
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who does any of the following is guilty of pandering, a felony, and shall be punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 266j
Any person who intentionally gives, transports, provides, or makes available, or who offers to give, transport, provide, or make available to another
California Penal Code Section 266k
(a) Upon the conviction of any person for a violation of Section 266h, 266i, or 266j, the court may, in addition to any other penalty or fine...
California Penal Code Section 267
Every person who takes away any other person under the age of 18 years from the father, mother, guardian, or other person having the legal charge of...
California Penal Code Section 269
(a) Any person who commits any of the following acts upon a child who is under 14 years of age and seven or more years younger than the person is...
California Penal Code Section 270
If a parent of a minor child willfully omits, without lawful excuse, to furnish necessary clothing, food, shelter or medical attendance, or other...
California Penal Code Section 270.5
(a) Every parent who refuses, without lawful excuse, to accept his or her minor child into the parent's home, or, failing to do so, to provide...
California Penal Code Section 270.6
If a court of competent jurisdiction has made a temporary or permanent order awarding spousal support that a person must pay, the person has notice...
California Penal Code Section 270a
Every individual who has sufficient ability to provide for his or her spouse's support, or who is able to earn the means of such spouse's support,...
California Penal Code Section 270b
After arrest and before plea or trial, or after conviction or plea of guilty and before sentence under either Section 270 or 270a, if the defendant...
California Penal Code Section 270c
Except as provided in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 4410) of Part 4 of Division 9 of the Family Code, every adult child who, having the ability...
California Penal Code Section 270d
In any case where there is a conviction and sentence under the provisions of either Section 270 or 270a, should a fine be imposed, such fine shall...
California Penal Code Section 270e
No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of husband and wife, or that a person is the lawful father or mother of a child or children,...
California Penal Code Section 270f
Where, under the provisions of this chapter, a report is filed by a parent of a child with the district attorney averring: (1) That the other...
California Penal Code Section 270g
A review of each report filed with the district attorney under Section 270f shall be made at 90-day intervals unless the support payments have been...
California Penal Code Section 270h
In any case where there is a conviction under either Section 270 or 270a and there is an order granting probation which includes an order for...
California Penal Code Section 271
Every parent of any child under the age of 14 years, and every person to whom any such child has been confided for nurture, or education, who deserts
California Penal Code Section 271a
Every person who knowingly and willfully abandons, or who, having ability so to do, fails or refuses to maintain his or her minor child under the age
California Penal Code Section 271.5
(a) No parent or other individual having lawful custody of a minor child 72 hours old or younger may be prosecuted for a violation of Section 270,...
California Penal Code Section 272
(a) (1) Every person who commits any act or omits the performance of any duty, which act or omission causes or tends to cause or encourage any person
California Penal Code Section 273
(a) It is a misdemeanor for any person or agency to pay, offer to pay, or to receive money or anything of value for the placement for adoption or for
California Penal Code Section 273a
(a) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions likely to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes or permits any child to suffer,...
California Penal Code Section 273b
No child under the age of 16 years shall be placed in any courtroom, or in any vehicle for transportation to any place, in company with adults...
California Penal Code Section 273c
All fines, penalties, and forfeitures imposed and collected under the provisions of Sections 270, 271, 271a, 273a, and 273b, or under the provisions...
California Penal Code Section 273d
(a) Any person who willfully inflicts upon a child any cruel or inhuman corporal punishment or an injury resulting in a traumatic condition is guilty
California Penal Code Section 273e
Every telephone, special delivery company or association, and every other corporation or person engaged in the delivery of packages, letters, notes,...
California Penal Code Section 273f
Any person, whether as parent, guardian, employer, or otherwise, and any firm or corporation, who as employer or otherwise, shall send, direct, or...
California Penal Code Section 273g
Any person who in the presence of any child indulges in any degrading, lewd, immoral or vicious habits or practices, or who is habitually drunk in...
California Penal Code Section 273h
In all prosecutions under the provisions of either section 270, section 270a, section 270b, section 271 or section 271a, of this code, where a...
California Penal Code Section 273i
(a) Any person who publishes information describing or depicting a child, the physical appearance of a child, the location of a child, or locations...
California Penal Code Section 273.1
(a) Any treatment program to which a child abuser convicted of a violation of Section 273a or 273d is referred as a condition of probation shall meet
California Penal Code Section 273.4
(a) If the act constituting a felony violation of subdivision (a) of Section 273a was female genital mutilation, as defined in subdivision (b), the...
California Penal Code Section 273.5
(a) Any person who willfully inflicts upon a person who is his or her spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or the mother or father...
California Penal Code Section 273.6
(a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective order, as defined in Section 6218 of the Family Code, or of an order issued pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 273.65
(a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective order issued pursuant to Section 213.5, 304, or 362.4 of the Welfare and Institutions Code...
California Penal Code Section 273.7
(a) Any person who maliciously publishes, disseminates, or otherwise discloses the location of any trafficking shelter or domestic violence shelter...
California Penal Code Section 273.75
(a) On any charge involving acts of domestic violence as defined in subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 13700 of the Penal Code or Sections 6203 and...
California Penal Code Section 273.8
The Legislature hereby finds that spousal abusers present a clear and present danger to the mental and physical well-being of the citizens of the...
California Penal Code Section 273.81
(a) There is hereby established in the Department of Justice a program of financial and technical assistance for district attorneys' or city...
California Penal Code Section 273.82
Spousal abuser prosecution units receiving funds under this chapter shall concentrate enhanced prosecution efforts and resources upon individuals...
California Penal Code Section 273.83
(a) An individual shall be the subject of a spousal abuser prosecution effort who is under arrest for any act or omission described in subdivisions...
California Penal Code Section 273.84
Each district attorney's or city attorney's office establishing a spousal abuser prosecution unit and receiving state support under this chapter...
California Penal Code Section 273.85
(a) The selection criteria set forth in Section 273.84 shall be adhered to for each spousal abuser case unless, in the reasonable exercise of...
California Penal Code Section 273.86
The characterization of a defendant as a "spousal abuser" as defined by this chapter shall not be communicated to the trier of fact.
California Penal Code Section 273.87
The Department of Justice is encouraged to utilize Federal Victims of Crimes Act (VOCA) funds or any other federal funds that may become available in
California Penal Code Section 273.88
Administrative costs incurred by the Department of Justice pursuant to the Spousal Abuser Prosecution Program shall not exceed 5 percent of the total
California Penal Code Section 277
The following definitions apply for the purposes of this chapter: (a) "Child" means a person under the age of 18 years. (b) "Court order" or...
California Penal Code Section 278
Every person, not having a right to custody, who maliciously takes, entices away, keeps, withholds, or conceals any child with the intent to detain...
California Penal Code Section 278.5
(a) Every person who takes, entices away, keeps, withholds, or conceals a child and maliciously deprives a lawful custodian of a right to custody, or
California Penal Code Section 278.6
(a) At the sentencing hearing following a conviction for a violation of Section 278 or 278.5, or both, the court shall consider any relevant factors...
California Penal Code Section 278.7
(a) Section 278.5 does not apply to a person with a right to custody of a child who, with a good faith and reasonable belief that the child, if left...
California Penal Code Section 279
A violation of Section 278 or 278.5 by a person who was not a resident of, or present in, this state at the time of the alleged offense is punishable
California Penal Code Section 279.1
The offenses enumerated in Sections 278 and 278.5 are continuous in nature, and continue for as long as the minor child is concealed or detained.
California Penal Code Section 279.5
When a person is arrested for an alleged violation of Section 278 or 278.5, the court, in setting bail, shall take into consideration whether the...
California Penal Code Section 279.6
(a) A law enforcement officer may take a child into protective custody under any of the following circumstances: (1) It reasonably appears to the...
California Penal Code Section 280
Every person who willfully causes or permits the removal or concealment of any child in violation of Section 8713, 8803, or 8910 of the Family Code...
California Penal Code Section 281
(a) Every person having a husband or wife living, who marries any other person, except in the cases specified in Section 282, is guilty of bigamy.
California Penal Code Section 282
Section 281 does not extend to any of the following: (a) To any person by reason of any former marriage whose husband or wife by such marriage has
California Penal Code Section 283
Bigamy is punishable by a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars ($10,000) or by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year or in the...
California Penal Code Section 284
Every person who knowingly and willfully marries the husband or wife of another, in any case in which such husband or wife would be punishable under...
California Penal Code Section 285
Persons being within the degrees of consanguinity within which marriages are declared by law to be incestuous and void, who intermarry with each...
California Penal Code Section 286
(a) Sodomy is sexual conduct consisting of contact between the penis of one person and the anus of another person. Any sexual penetration, however...
California Penal Code Section 286.5
Any person who sexually assaults any animal protected by Section 597f for the purpose of arousing or gratifying the sexual desire of the person is...
California Penal Code Section 288
(a) Any person who willfully and lewdly commits any lewd or lascivious act, including any of the acts constituting other crimes provided for in Part...
California Penal Code Section 288.1
Any person convicted of committing any lewd or lascivious act including any of the acts constituting other crimes provided for in Part 1 of this code
California Penal Code Section 288.2
(a) Every person who, with knowledge that a person is a minor, or who fails to exercise reasonable care in ascertaining the true age of a minor,...
California Penal Code Section 288.3
(a) Every person who contacts or communicates with a minor, or attempts to contact or communicate with a minor, who knows or reasonably should know...
California Penal Code Section 288.4
(a) (1) Every person who, motivated by an unnatural or abnormal sexual interest in children, arranges a meeting with a minor or a person he or she...
California Penal Code Section 288.5
(a) Any person who either resides in the same home with the minor child or has recurring access to the child, who over a period of time, not less...
California Penal Code Section 288.7
(a) Any person 18 years of age or older who engages in sexual intercourse or sodomy with a child who is 10 years of age or younger is guilty of a...
California Penal Code Section 288a
(a) Oral copulation is the act of copulating the mouth of one person with the sexual organ or anus of another person. (b) (1) Except as provided...
California Penal Code Section 289
(a) (1) Any person who commits an act of sexual penetration when the act is accomplished against the victim's will by means of force, violence,...
California Penal Code Section 289.5
(a) Every person who flees to this state with the intent to avoid prosecution for an offense which, if committed or attempted in this state, would...
California Penal Code Section 289.6
(a) (1) An employee or officer of a public entity health facility, or an employee, officer, or agent of a private person or entity that provides a...
California Penal Code Section 290
(a) Sections 290 to 290.023, inclusive, shall be known and may be cited as the Sex Offender Registration Act. All references to "the Act" in those...
California Penal Code Section 290.001
Every person who has ever been adjudicated a sexually violent predator, as defined in Section 6600 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, shall...
California Penal Code Section 290.002
Persons required to register in their state of residence who are out-of-state residents employed, or carrying on a vocation in California on a...
California Penal Code Section 290.003
Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been or hereafter is released, discharged, or paroled from a penal institution where he or she was confined...
California Penal Code Section 290.004
Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been or hereafter is determined to be a mentally disordered sex offender under Article 1 (commencing with...
California Penal Code Section 290.005
The following persons shall register in accordance with the Act: (a) Any person who, since July 1, 1944, has been, or is hereafter convicted in...
California Penal Code Section 290.006
Any person ordered by any court to register pursuant to the Act for any offense not included specifically in subdivision (c) of Section 290, shall so
California Penal Code Section 290.007
Any person required to register pursuant to any provision of the Act shall register in accordance with the Act, regardless of whether the person's...
California Penal Code Section 290.008
(a) Any person who, on or after January 1, 1986, is discharged or paroled from the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to the custody of...
California Penal Code Section 290.009
Any person required to register under the Act who is enrolled as a student or is an employee or carries on a vocation, with or without compensation,...
California Penal Code Section 290.010
If the person who is registering has more than one residence address at which he or she regularly resides, he or she shall register in accordance...
California Penal Code Section 290.011
Every person who is required to register pursuant to the Act who is living as a transient shall be required to register for the rest of his or her...
California Penal Code Section 290.012
(a) Beginning on his or her first birthday following registration or change of address, the person shall be required to register annually, within...
California Penal Code Section 290.013
(a) Any person who was last registered at a residence address pursuant to the Act who changes his or her residence address, whether within the...
California Penal Code Section 290.014
If any person who is required to register pursuant to the Act changes his or her name, the person shall inform, in person, the law enforcement agency
California Penal Code Section 290.015
(a) A person who is subject to the Act shall register, or reregister if the person has previously registered, upon release from incarceration,...
California Penal Code Section 290.016
(a) On or after January 1, 1998, upon incarceration, placement, or commitment, or prior to release on probation, any person who is required to...
California Penal Code Section 290.017
(a) Any person who is released, discharged, or paroled from a jail, state or federal prison, school, road camp, or other institution where he or she...
California Penal Code Section 290.018
(a) Any person who is required to register under the Act based on a misdemeanor conviction or juvenile adjudication who willfully violates any...
California Penal Code Section 290.019
(a) Notwithstanding any other section in the Act, a person who was convicted before January 1, 1976, under subdivision (a) of Section 286, or Section
California Penal Code Section 290.020
In any case in which a person who would be required to register pursuant to the Act for a felony conviction is to be temporarily sent outside the...
California Penal Code Section 290.021
Except as otherwise provided by law, the statements, photographs, and fingerprints required by the Act shall not be open to inspection by the public...
California Penal Code Section 290.022
On or before July 1, 2010, the Department of Justice shall renovate the VCIN to do the following: (1) Correct all software deficiencies affecting...
California Penal Code Section 290.023
The registration provisions of the Act are applicable to every person described in the Act, without regard to when his or her crime or crimes were...
California Penal Code Section 290.01
(a) (1) Commencing October 28, 2002, every person required to register pursuant to Sections 290 to 290.009, inclusive, of the Sex Offender...
California Penal Code Section 290.02
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, the Department of Justice shall identify the names of persons required to register pursuant to Section 290 from a...
California Penal Code Section 290.03
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that a comprehensive system of risk assessment, supervision, monitoring and containment for registered sex...
California Penal Code Section 290.04
(a) (1) The sex offender risk assessment tools authorized by this section for use with selected populations shall be known, with respect to each...
California Penal Code Section 290.05
(a) The SARATSO Training Committee shall be comprised of a representative of the State Department of Mental Health, a representative of the...
California Penal Code Section 290.06
Effective on or before July 1, 2008, the SARATSO, as set forth in Section 290.04, shall be administered as follows: (a) (1) The Department of...
California Penal Code Section 290.07
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any person authorized by statute to administer the State Authorized Risk Assessment Tool for Sex...
California Penal Code Section 290.08
Every district attorney's office and the Department of Justice shall retain records relating to a person convicted of an offense for which...
California Penal Code Section 290.3
(a) Every person who is convicted of any offense specified in subdivision (c) of Section 290 shall, in addition to any imprisonment or fine, or both,
California Penal Code Section 290.4
(a) The department shall operate a service through which members of the public may provide a list of at least six persons on a form approved by the...
California Penal Code Section 290.45
(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and except as provided in paragraph (2), any designated law enforcement entity may provide...
California Penal Code Section 290.46
(a) (1) On or before the dates specified in this section, the Department of Justice shall make available information concerning persons who are...
California Penal Code Section 290.46
(a) (1) On or before the dates specified in this section, the Department of Justice shall make available information concerning persons who are...
California Penal Code Section 290.5
(a) (1) A person required to register under Section 290 for an offense not listed in paragraph (2), upon obtaining a certificate of rehabilitation...
California Penal Code Section 290.6
(a) Fifteen days before the scheduled release date of a person described in subdivision (b), the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall...
California Penal Code Section 290.7
The Department of Corrections shall provide samples of blood and saliva taken from a prison inmate pursuant to the DNA and Forensic Identification...
California Penal Code Section 290.8
Effective January 1, 1999, any local law enforcement agency that does not register sex offenders during regular daytime business hours on a daily...
California Penal Code Section 290.85
(a) Every person released on probation or parole who is required to register as a sex offender, pursuant to Section 290, shall provide proof of...
California Penal Code Section 290.9
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any state or local governmental agency shall, upon written request, provide to the Department of Justice...
California Penal Code Section 290.95
(a) Every person required to register under Section 290, who applies or accepts a position as an employee or volunteer with any person, group, or...
California Penal Code Section 291
Every sheriff, chief of police, or the Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol, upon the arrest for any of the offenses enumerated in Section...
California Penal Code Section 291.1
Every sheriff or chief of police, or Commissioner of the California Highway Patrol, upon the arrest for any of the offenses enumerated in Section 290
California Penal Code Section 291.5
Every sheriff or chief of police, upon the arrest for any of the offenses enumerated in Section 290 or in subdivision (1) of Section 261 of any...
California Penal Code Section 292
It is the intention of the Legislature in enacting this section to clarify that for the purposes of subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 12 of Article
California Penal Code Section 293
(a) Any employee of a law enforcement agency who personally receives a report from any person, alleging that the person making the report has been...
California Penal Code Section 293
(a) Any employee of a law enforcement agency who personally receives a report from any person, alleging that the person making the report has been...
California Penal Code Section 293.5
(a) Except as provided in Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 1054) of Part 2 of Title 7, or for cases in which the alleged victim of a sex offense,...
California Penal Code Section 294
(a) Upon conviction of any person for a violation of Section 273a, 273d, 288.5, 311.2, 311.3, or 647.6, the court may, in addition to any other...
California Penal Code Section 295
(a) This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the DNA and Forensic Identification Database and Data Bank Act of 1998, as amended. (b) The...
California Penal Code Section 295.1
(a) The Department of Justice shall perform DNA analysis and other forensic identification analysis pursuant to this chapter only for identification...
California Penal Code Section 296
(a) The following persons shall provide buccal swab samples, right thumbprints, and a full palm print impression of each hand, and any blood...
California Penal Code Section 296.1
(a) The specimens, samples, and print impressions required by this chapter shall be collected from persons described in subdivision (a) of Section...
California Penal Code Section 296.2
(a) Whenever the DNA Laboratory of the Department of Justice notifies the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation or any law enforcement agency...
California Penal Code Section 297
(a) Subject to the limitations in paragraph (3) of this subdivision, only the following laboratories are authorized to analyze crime scene samples...
California Penal Code Section 298
(a) The Director of Corrections, or the Chief Administrative Officer of the detention facility, jail, or other facility at which the blood specimens,
California Penal Code Section 298.1
(a) As of the effective date of this chapter, any person who refuses to give any or all of the following, blood specimens, saliva samples, or thumb...
California Penal Code Section 298.2
(a) Any person who is required to submit a specimen sample or print impression pursuant to this chapter who engages or attempts to engage in any of...
California Penal Code Section 298.3
(a) To ensure expeditious and economical processing of offender specimens and samples for inclusion in the FBI's CODIS System and the state's DNA...
California Penal Code Section 299
(a) A person whose DNA profile has been included in the data bank pursuant to this chapter shall have his or her DNA specimen and sample destroyed...
California Penal Code Section 299.5
(a) All DNA and forensic identification profiles and other identification information retained by the Department of Justice pursuant to this chapter...
California Penal Code Section 299.6
(a) Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit the Department of Justice, in its sole discretion, from the sharing or disseminating of population...
California Penal Code Section 299.7
The Department of Justice is authorized to dispose of unused specimens and samples, unused portions of specimens and samples, and expired specimens...
California Penal Code Section 300
Nothing in this chapter shall limit or abrogate any existing authority of law enforcement officers to take, maintain, store, and utilize DNA or...
California Penal Code Section 300.1
(a) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to restrict the authority of local law enforcement to maintain their own DNA-related databases or data
California Penal Code Section 300.2
Any requirement to provide saliva samples pursuant to this chapter shall be construed as a requirement to provide buccal swab samples as of the...
California Penal Code Section 300.2
Any requirement to provide saliva samples pursuant to this chapter shall be construed as a requirement to provide buccal swab samples as of the...
California Penal Code Section 300.3
The duties and requirements of the Department of Corrections and the Department of the Youth Authority pursuant to this chapter shall commence on...
California Penal Code Section 302
(a) Every person who intentionally disturbs or disquiets any assemblage of people met for religious worship at a tax-exempt place of worship, by...
California Penal Code Section 303
It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in the sale of alcoholic beverages, other than in the original package, to employ upon the premises where
California Penal Code Section 303a
It shall be unlawful, in any place of business where alcoholic beverages are sold to be consumed upon the premises, for any person to loiter in or...
California Penal Code Section 307
Every person, firm, or corporation which sells or gives or in any way furnishes to another person, who is in fact under the age of 21 years, any...
California Penal Code Section 308
(a) (1) Every person, firm, or corporation that knowingly or under circumstances in which it has knowledge, or should otherwise have grounds for...
California Penal Code Section 308.1
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall sell, offer for sale, distribute, or import any tobacco product commonly referred to...
California Penal Code Section 308.2
(a) Every person who sells one or more cigarettes, other than in a sealed and properly labeled package, is guilty of an infraction. (b) "A sealed...
California Penal Code Section 308.3
(a) A person, firm, corporation, or business may not manufacture for sale, distribute, sell, or offer to sell any cigarette, except in a package...
California Penal Code Section 308.5
(a) No person or business shall sell, lease, rent, or provide, or offer to sell, lease, rent, or otherwise offer to the public or to public...
California Penal Code Section 308b
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), every person who knowingly delivers or causes to be delivered to any residence in this state any tobacco...
California Penal Code Section 309
Any proprietor, keeper, manager, conductor, or person having the control of any house of prostitution, or any house or room resorted to for the...
California Penal Code Section 310
Any minor under the age of 16 years who visits or attends any prizefight, cockfight, or place where any prizefight, or cockfight, is advertised to...
California Penal Code Section 310.2
(a) Any coach, trainer, or other person acting in an official or nonofficial capacity as an adult supervisor for an athletic team consisting of...
California Penal Code Section 310.5
(a) Any parent or guardian of a child who enters into an agreement on behalf of that child which is in violation of Section 1669.5 of the Civil Code,
California Penal Code Section 311
As used in this chapter, the following definitions apply: (a) "Obscene matter" means matter, taken as a whole, that to the average person,...
California Penal Code Section 311.1
(a) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent, or brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or distribution, or in this...
California Penal Code Section 311.2
(a) Every person who knowingly sends or causes to be sent, or brings or causes to be brought, into this state for sale or distribution, or in this...
California Penal Code Section 311.3
(a) A person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a child if he or she knowingly develops, duplicates, prints, or exchanges any representation of...
California Penal Code Section 311.4
(a) Every person who, with knowledge that a person is a minor, or who, while in possession of any facts on the basis of which he or she should...
California Penal Code Section 311.5
Every person who writes, creates, or solicits the publication or distribution of advertising or other promotional material, or who in any manner...
California Penal Code Section 311.6
Every person who knowingly engages or participates in, manages, produces, sponsors, presents or exhibits obscene live conduct to or before an...
California Penal Code Section 311.7
Every person who, knowingly, as a condition to a sale, allocation, consignment, or delivery for resale of any paper, magazine, book, periodical,...
California Penal Code Section 311.8
(a) It shall be a defense in any prosecution for a violation of this chapter that the act charged was committed in aid of legitimate scientific or...
California Penal Code Section 311.9
(a) Every person who violates subdivision (a) of Section 311.2 or Section 311.5 is punishable by fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000)...
California Penal Code Section 311.10
(a) Any person who advertises for sale or distribution any obscene matter knowing that it depicts a person under the age of 18 years personally...
California Penal Code Section 311.11
(a) Every person who knowingly possesses or controls any matter, representation of information, data, or image, including, but not limited to, any...
California Penal Code Section 312
Upon the conviction of the accused, the court may, when the conviction becomes final, order any matter or advertisement, in respect whereof the...
California Penal Code Section 312.1
In any prosecution for a violation of the provisions of this chapter or of Chapter 7.6 (commencing with Section 313), neither the prosecution nor the
California Penal Code Section 312.3
(a) Matter that depicts a person under the age of 18 years personally engaging in or personally simulating sexual conduct as defined in Section 311.4
California Penal Code Section 312.5
If any phrase, clause, sentence, section or provision of this chapter or application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such...
California Penal Code Section 312.6
(a) It does not constitute a violation of this chapter for a person or entity solely to provide access or connection to or from a facility, system,...
California Penal Code Section 312.7
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to apply to interstate services or to any other activities or actions for which states are prohibited from
California Penal Code Section 313
As used in this chapter: (a) "Harmful matter" means matter, taken as a whole, which to the average person, applying contemporary statewide...
California Penal Code Section 313.1
(a) Every person who, with knowledge that a person is a minor, or who fails to exercise reasonable care in ascertaining the true age of a minor,...
California Penal Code Section 313.2
(a) Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit any parent or guardian from distributing any harmful matter to his child or ward or permitting his child...
California Penal Code Section 313.3
It shall be a defense in any prosecution for a violation of this chapter that the act charged was committed in aid of legitimate scientific or...
California Penal Code Section 313.4
Every person who violates Section 313.1, other than subdivision (e), is punishable by fine of not more than two thousand dollars ($2,000), by...
California Penal Code Section 313.5
If any phrase, clause, sentence, section or provision of this chapter or application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such...
California Penal Code Section 314
Every person who willfully and lewdly, either: 1. Exposes his person, or the private parts thereof, in any public place, or in any place where...
California Penal Code Section 315
Every person who keeps a house of ill-fame in this state, resorted to for the purposes of prostitution or lewdness, or who willfully resides in such...
California Penal Code Section 316
Every person who keeps any disorderly house, or any house for the purpose of assignation or prostitution, or any house of public resort, by which the
California Penal Code Section 318
Whoever, through invitation or device, prevails upon any person to visit any room, building, or other places kept for the purpose of illegal gambling
California Penal Code Section 318.5
(a) Nothing in this code shall invalidate an ordinance of, or be construed to prohibit the adoption of an ordinance by, a county or city, if that...
California Penal Code Section 318.6
(a) Nothing in this code shall invalidate an ordinance of, or be construed to prohibit the adoption of an ordinance by, a city or county, if that...
California Penal Code Section 319
A lottery is any scheme for the disposal or distribution of property by chance, among persons who have paid or promised to pay any valuable...
California Penal Code Section 319.3
(a) In addition to Section 319, a lottery also shall include a grab bag game which is a scheme whereby, for the disposal or distribution of sports...
California Penal Code Section 319.5
Neither this chapter nor Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 330) applies to the possession or operation of a reverse vending machine. As used in...
California Penal Code Section 320
Every person who contrives, prepares, sets up, proposes, or draws any lottery, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 320.5
(a) Nothing in this chapter applies to any raffle conducted by an eligible organization as defined in subdivision (c) for the purpose of directly...
California Penal Code Section 321
Every person who sells, gives, or in any manner whatever, furnishes or transfers to or for any other person any ticket, chance, share, or interest,...
California Penal Code Section 322
Every person who aids or assists, either by printing, writing, advertising, publishing, or otherwise in setting up, managing, or drawing any lottery,
California Penal Code Section 323
Every person who opens, sets up, or keeps, by himself or by any other person, any office or other place for the sale of, or for registering the...
California Penal Code Section 324
Every person who insures or receives any consideration for insuring for or against the drawing of any ticket in any lottery whatever, whether drawn...
California Penal Code Section 325
All moneys and property offered for sale or distribution in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter are forfeited to the state, and may be
California Penal Code Section 326
Every person who lets, or permits to be used, any building or vessel, or any portion thereof, knowing that it is to be used for setting up, managing,
California Penal Code Section 326.3
(a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (1) Nonprofit organizations provide important and essential educational,...
California Penal Code Section 326.4
326.4. (a) Consistent with the Legislature's finding that card-minding devices, as described in subdivision (p) of Section 326.5, are the only...
California Penal Code Section 326.45
Up to five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000), as determined by order of the Director of Finance, is hereby appropriated from the California Bingo...
California Penal Code Section 326.5
(a) Neither the prohibition on gambling in this chapter nor in Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 330) applies to any bingo game that is conducted...
California Penal Code Section 327
Every person who contrives, prepares, sets up, proposes, or operates any endless chain is guilty of a public offense, and is punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 328
Nothing in this chapter shall make unlawful the printing or other production of any advertisements for, or any ticket, chance, or share in a lottery...
California Penal Code Section 329
Upon a trial for the violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, it is not necessary to prove the existence of any lottery in which any...
California Penal Code Section 330
Every person who deals, plays, or carries on, opens, or causes to be opened, or who conducts, either as owner or employee, whether for hire or not,...
California Penal Code Section 330a
Every person, who has in his possession or under his control, either as owner, lessee, agent, employee, mortgagee, or otherwise, or who permits to...
California Penal Code Section 330b
(a) It is unlawful for any person to manufacture, repair, own, store, possess, sell, rent, lease, let on shares, lend or give away, transport, or...
California Penal Code Section 330c
A punchboard as hereinafter defined is hereby declared to be a slot machine or device within the meaning of Section 330b of this code and shall be...
California Penal Code Section 330.1
Every person who manufactures, owns, stores, keeps, possesses, sells, rents, leases, lets on shares, lends or gives away, transports or exposes for...
California Penal Code Section 330.2
As used in Sections 330.1 to 330.5, inclusive, of this code a "thing of value" is defined to be any money, coin, currency, check, chip, allowance,...
California Penal Code Section 330.3
In addition to any other remedy provided by law any slot machine or device may be seized by any of the officers designated by Sections 335 and 335a...
California Penal Code Section 330.4
It is specifically declared that the mere possession or control, either as owner, lessee, agent, employee, mortgagor, or otherwise of any slot...
California Penal Code Section 330.5
It is further expressly provided that Sections 330.1 to 330.4, inclusive, of this code shall not apply to music machines, weighing machines and...
California Penal Code Section 330.6
The provisions of Sections 330.1 to 330.5, inclusive, of this code, with respect to owning, storing, keeping, possessing, or transporting any slot...
California Penal Code Section 330.7
(a) It shall be a defense to any prosecution under this chapter relating to slot machines, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 330b, if the...
California Penal Code Section 330.8
Notwithstanding Sections 330a, 330b, and 330.1 to 330.5, inclusive, the sale, transportation, storage, and manufacture of gambling devices, as...
California Penal Code Section 330.9
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 330a, 330b, 330.1 to 330.5, inclusive, or any other provision of law, it shall be lawful for any person to transport and
California Penal Code Section 330.11
"Banking game" or "banked game" does not include a controlled game if the published rules of the game feature a player-dealer position and provide...
California Penal Code Section 331
Every person who knowingly permits any of the games mentioned in Sections 330 and 330a to be played, conducted, or dealt in any house owned or rented
California Penal Code Section 332
(a) Every person who by the game of "three card monte," so-called, or any other game, device, sleight of hand, pretensions to fortune telling, trick,
California Penal Code Section 333
Every person duly summoned as a witness for the prosecution, on any proceedings had under this Chapter, who neglects or refuses to attend, as...
California Penal Code Section 334
(a) Every person who owns or operates any concession, and who fraudulently obtains money from another by means of any hidden mechanical device or...
California Penal Code Section 335
Every district attorney, sheriff, or police officer must inform against and diligently prosecute persons whom they have reasonable cause to believe...
California Penal Code Section 335a
In addition to any other remedy provided by law any machine or other device the possession or control of which is penalized by the laws of this State
California Penal Code Section 336
Every owner, lessee, or keeper of any house used in whole, or in part, as a saloon or drinking place, who knowingly permits any person under 18 years
California Penal Code Section 336.5
Gaming chips may be used on the gaming floor by a patron of a gambling establishment, as defined in subdivision (m) of Section 19805 of the Business...
California Penal Code Section 337
Every state, county, city, city and county, town, or judicial district officer, or other person who shall ask for, receive, or collect any money, or...
California Penal Code Section 337a
(a) Every person who engages in one of the following offenses, shall be punished for a first offense by imprisonment in a county jail for a period of
California Penal Code Section 337b
Any person who gives, or offers or promises to give, or attempts to give or offer, any money, bribe, or thing of value, to any participant or player,
California Penal Code Section 337c
Any person who accepts, or attempts to accept, or offers to accept, or agrees to accept, any money, bribe or thing of value, with the intention or...
California Penal Code Section 337d
Any person who gives, offers to give, promises to give, or attempts to give, any money, bribe, or thing of value to any person who is umpiring,...
California Penal Code Section 337e
Any person who as umpire, manager, director, referee, supervisor, judge, presiding officer or official receives or agrees to receive, or attempts to...
California Penal Code Section 337f
(a) Any person who does any of the following is punishable by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by imprisonment in the state...
California Penal Code Section 337g
The possession, transport or use of any local anaesthetic of the cocaine group, including but not limited to natural or synthetic drugs of this...
California Penal Code Section 337h
Any person who, except for medicinal purposes, administers any poison, drug, medicine, or other noxious substance, to any horse, stud, mule, ass,...
California Penal Code Section 337i
Every person who knowingly transmits information as to the progress or results of a horserace, or information as to wagers, betting odds, changes in...
California Penal Code Section 337j
(a) It is unlawful for any person, as owner, lessee, or employee, whether for hire or not, either solely or in conjunction with others, to do any of...
California Penal Code Section 337k
(a) It is unlawful for any person to advertise, or to facilitate the advertisement of, nonparimutuel wagering on horse races. (b) Violation of...
California Penal Code Section 337s
(a) This section applies only in counties with a population exceeding 4,000,000. (b) Every person who deals, plays, or carries on, opens, or...
California Penal Code Section 337t
The following definitions govern the construction of this section and Sections 337u, 337w, 337x, and 337y: (a) "Associated equipment" means any...
California Penal Code Section 337u
It is unlawful for any person to commit any of the following acts: (a) To alter or misrepresent the outcome of a gambling game or other event on...
California Penal Code Section 337v
It is unlawful for any person at a gambling establishment to use, or to possess with the intent to use, any device to assist in any of the...
California Penal Code Section 337w
(a) It is unlawful for any person to use counterfeit chips, counterfeit debit instruments, or other counterfeit wagering instruments in a gambling...
California Penal Code Section 337x
It is unlawful to cheat at any gambling game in a gambling establishment.
California Penal Code Section 337y
It is unlawful to do either of the following: (a) Manufacture, sell, or distribute any cards, chips, dice, game, or device which is intended to be
California Penal Code Section 337z
(a) Any person who violates Section 337u, 337v, 337w, 337x, or 337y shall be punished as follows: (1) For the first violation, by imprisonment in...
California Penal Code Section 337.1
Any person, who knowingly and designedly by false representation attempts to, or does persuade, procure or cause another person to wager on a horse...
California Penal Code Section 337.2
Any person who is a tout, or who attempts or conspires to commit touting, is guilty of a misdemeanor and is punishable by a fine of not more than...
California Penal Code Section 337.3
Any person who in the commission of touting falsely uses the name of any official of the California Horse Racing Board, its inspectors or attaches,...
California Penal Code Section 337.4
Any person who in the commission of touting obtains money in excess of four hundred dollars ($400) may, in addition to being prosecuted for the...
California Penal Code Section 337.5
Any person who has been convicted of touting, and the record of whose conviction on such charge is on file in the office of the California Horse...
California Penal Code Section 337.6
Any credential or license issued by the California Horse Racing Board to licensees, if used by the holder thereof for a purpose other than...
California Penal Code Section 337.7
Any person other than the lawful holder thereof who has in his possession any credential or license issued by the California Horse Racing Board to...
California Penal Code Section 337.8
Any person who uses any credential, other than a credential or license issued by the California Horse Racing Board, for the purpose of touting is...
California Penal Code Section 337.9
The secretary and chief investigator of the California Horse Racing Board shall coordinate a policy for the enforcement of this chapter with all...
California Penal Code Section 343
Every person who purchases gold bullion, gold bars or gold quartz or mineral containing gold, who fails, refuses, or neglects to produce for...
California Penal Code Section 346
Any person who, without the written permission of the owner or operator of the property on which an entertainment event is to be held or is being...
California Penal Code Section 347
(a) (1) Every person who willfully mingles any poison or harmful substance with any food, drink, medicine, or pharmaceutical product or who willfully
California Penal Code Section 347b
It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to manufacture, sell, furnish, or give away, or offer to manufacture, sell, furnish, or give
California Penal Code Section 350
(a) Any person who willfully manufactures, intentionally sells, or knowingly possesses for sale any counterfeit mark registered with the Secretary of
California Penal Code Section 351a
Any person who sells, attempts to sell, offers for sale or assists in the sale of any goods, product or output, and who willfully and falsely...
California Penal Code Section 355
Every person who defaces or obliterates the marks upon wrecked property, or in any manner disguises the appearance thereof, with intent to prevent...
California Penal Code Section 356
Every person who cuts out, alters, or defaces any mark made upon any log, lumber, or wood, or puts a false mark thereon with intent to prevent the...
California Penal Code Section 359
Every person authorized to solemnize marriage, who willfully and knowingly solemnizes any incestuous or other marriage forbidden by law, is...
California Penal Code Section 360
Every person authorized to solemnize any marriage, who solemnizes a marriage without first being presented with the marriage license, as required by...
California Penal Code Section 362
Every officer or person to whom a writ of habeas corpus may be directed, who, after service thereof, neglects or refuses to obey the command thereof,
California Penal Code Section 363
Every person who, either solely or as member of a Court, knowingly and unlawfully recommits, imprisons, or restrains of his liberty, for the same...
California Penal Code Section 364
Every person having in his custody, or under his restraint or power, any person for whose relief a writ of habeas corpus has been issued, who, with...
California Penal Code Section 365
Every person, and every agent or officer of any corporation carrying on business as an innkeeper, or as a common carrier of passengers, who refuses,...
California Penal Code Section 365.5
(a) Any blind person, deaf person, or disabled person, who is a passenger on any common carrier, airplane, motor vehicle, railway train, motorbus,...
California Penal Code Section 365.6
(a) Any person who, with no legal justification, intentionally interferes with the use of a guide, signal, or service dog or mobility aid by...
California Penal Code Section 365.7
(a) Any person who knowingly and fraudulently represents himself or herself, through verbal or written notice, to be the owner or trainer of any...
California Penal Code Section 367f
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (d) and (e), it shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly acquire, receive, sell, promote the transfer of,
California Penal Code Section 367g
(a) It shall be unlawful for anyone to knowingly use sperm, ova, or embryos in assisted reproduction technology, for any purpose other than that...
California Penal Code Section 368
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that crimes against elders and dependent adults are deserving of special consideration and protection, not...
California Penal Code Section 369a
(a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares the following: (1) Rail transit traffic safety programs are necessary to educate the public about...
California Penal Code Section 369b
(a) This section shall only apply to counties with a population greater than 500,000. (b) The court may order any person convicted of a rail...
California Penal Code Section 369d
Any person who enters upon or crosses any railroad, at any private passway, which is inclosed by bars or gates, and neglects to leave the same...
California Penal Code Section 369g
(a) Any person who rides, drives, or propels any vehicle upon and along the track of any railroad through or over its private right-of-way, without...
California Penal Code Section 369h
Any person, partnership, firm or corporation installing, setting up, maintaining or operating upon public or private property, any sign or light in...
California Penal Code Section 369i
(a) Any person who enters or remains upon the property of any railroad without the permission of the owner of the land, the owner' s agent, or the...
California Penal Code Section 371
An act which affects an entire community or neighborhood, or any considerable number of persons, as specified in the last section, is not less a...
California Penal Code Section 372
Every person who maintains or commits any public nuisance, the punishment for which is not otherwise prescribed, or who willfully omits to perform...
California Penal Code Section 373a
Every person who maintains, permits, or allows a public nuisance to exist upon his or her property or premises, and every person occupying or leasing
California Penal Code Section 374
(a) Littering means the willful or negligent throwing, dropping, placing, depositing, or sweeping, or causing any such acts, of any waste matter on...
California Penal Code Section 374.2
(a) It is unlawful for any person to maliciously discharge, dump, release, place, drop, pour, or otherwise deposit, or to maliciously cause to be...
California Penal Code Section 374.3
(a) It is unlawful to dump or cause to be dumped waste matter in or upon a public or private highway or road, including any portion of the...
California Penal Code Section 374.4
(a) It is unlawful to litter or cause to be littered in or upon public or private property. A person, firm, or corporation violating this section is...
California Penal Code Section 374.5
(a) It is unlawful for any grease waste hauler to do either of the following: (1) Reinsert, deposit, dump, place, release, or discharge into a...
California Penal Code Section 374.7
(a) A person who litters or causes to be littered, or dumps or causes to be dumped, waste matter into a bay, lagoon, channel, river, creek, slough,...
California Penal Code Section 374.8
(a) In any prosecution under this section, proof of the elements of the offense shall not be dependent upon the requirements of Title 22 of the...
California Penal Code Section 374a
A person giving information leading to the arrest and conviction of a person for a violation of Section 374c, 374.2, 374.3, 374.4, or 374.7 is...
California Penal Code Section 374c
Every person who shoots any firearm from or upon a public road or highway is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 374d
Every person who knowingly allows the carcass of any dead animal which belonged to him at the time of its death to be put, or to remain, within 100...
California Penal Code Section 375
(a) It shall be unlawful to throw, drop, pour, deposit, release, discharge or expose, or to attempt to throw, drop, pour, deposit, release, discharge
California Penal Code Section 377
Every person who, in order to obtain for himself or another any drug that can be lawfully dispensed by a pharmacist only on prescription, falsely...
California Penal Code Section 379
Every person who sells, dispenses, distributes, furnishes, administers, gives, or offers to sell, dispense, distribute, furnish, administer, or give...
California Penal Code Section 380
(a) Every person who sells, dispenses or distributes toluene, or any substance or material containing toluene, to any person who is less than 18...
California Penal Code Section 381
(a) Any person who possesses toluene or any substance or material containing toluene, including, but not limited to, glue, cement, dope, paint...
California Penal Code Section 381a
Any person, or persons, whether as principals, agents, managers, or otherwise, who buy or sell dairy products, or deal in milk, cream or butter, and...
California Penal Code Section 381b
Any person who possesses nitrous oxide or any substance containing nitrous oxide, with the intent to breathe, inhale, or ingest for the purpose of...
California Penal Code Section 382
Every person who adulterates or dilutes any article of food, drink, drug, medicine, spirituous or malt liquor, or wine, or any article useful in...
California Penal Code Section 382.4
No person, other than a licensed veterinarian, shall administer succinylcholine, also known as sucostrin, to any dog or cat. Violation of this...
California Penal Code Section 382.5
Every person who sells, dispenses, administers or prescribes dinitrophenol for any purpose shall be guilty of a felony, punishable by a fine not less
California Penal Code Section 382.6
Every person who sells, dispenses, administers or prescribes preparations containing diphenylamine, paraphenylenediamine, or paratoluylenediamine, or
California Penal Code Section 382.7
Every person who knowingly prescribes, dispenses, administers, or furnishes any liquid silicone substance for the purpose of injection into a human...
California Penal Code Section 383
Every person who knowingly sells, or keeps or offers for sale, or otherwise disposes of any article of food, drink, drug, or medicine, knowing that...
California Penal Code Section 383a
Any person, firm, or corporation, who sells or offers for sale, or has in his or its possession for sale, any butter manufactured by boiling,...
California Penal Code Section 383b
Every person who with intent to defraud, sells or exposes for sale any meat or meat preparations, and falsely represents the same to be kosher,...
California Penal Code Section 383c
Every person who with intent to defraud, sells or exposes for sale any meat or meat preparations, and falsely represents the same to be halal,...
California Penal Code Section 384
(a) Any person who shall wilfully refuse to immediately relinquish a party line when informed that such line is needed for an emergency call, and in...
California Penal Code Section 384.5
(a) (1) Any person who removes any minor forest products from the property where the products were cut and transports the products upon any public...
California Penal Code Section 384a
Every person who within the State of California willfully or negligently cuts, destroys, mutilates, or removes any tree or shrub, or fern or herb or...
California Penal Code Section 384b
For the purposes of Sections 384c through 384f, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions contained in this section govern...
California Penal Code Section 384c
Persons purchasing trees, shrubs, or boughs from harvesters thereof shall not transport more than five trees or more than five pounds of shrubs or...
California Penal Code Section 384d
Upon the filing of an application containing the information required by Section 384c, and the presentation of a permit or proof of ownership as...
California Penal Code Section 384e
(a) The transportation tag described in Section 384d shall be presented to any peace officer upon demand. (b) Failure to produce a transportation...
California Penal Code Section 384f
Any person violating any of the provisions of Sections 384b through 384f shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be...
California Penal Code Section 384h
Every person who willfully or negligently, while hunting upon the inclosed lands of another, kills, maims, or wounds an animal, the property of...
California Penal Code Section 384i
(a) Sections 384a to 384f, inclusive, shall not apply to maintenance and construction activities of public agencies and their employees. (b)...
California Penal Code Section 385
(a) The term "high voltage" as used in this section means a voltage in excess of 750 volts, measured between conductors or measured between the...
California Penal Code Section 386
(a) Any person who willfully or maliciously constructs or maintains a fire-protection system in any structure with the intent to install a fire...
California Penal Code Section 387
(a) Any corporation, limited liability company, or person who is a manager with respect to a product, facility, equipment, process, place of...
California Penal Code Section 395
Every person who willfully makes or publishes any false statement, spreads any false rumor, or employs any other false or fraudulent means or device,
California Penal Code Section 396
(a) The Legislature hereby finds that during emergencies and major disasters, including, but not limited to, earthquakes, fires, floods, or civil...
California Penal Code Section 396.5
It shall be unlawful for any retail food store or wholesale food concern, as defined in Section 3(k) of the federal Food Stamp Act of 1977 (Public...
California Penal Code Section 397
Every person who sells or furnishes, or causes to be sold or furnished, intoxicating liquors to any habitual or common drunkard, or to any person who
California Penal Code Section 398
(a) If a person owning or having custody or control of an animal knows, or has reason to know, that the animal bit another person, he or she shall,...
California Penal Code Section 399
(a) If any person owning or having custody or control of a mischievous animal, knowing its propensities, willfully suffers it to go at large, or...
California Penal Code Section 399.5
(a) Any person owning or having custody or control of a dog trained to fight, attack, or kill is guilty of a felony or a misdemeanor, punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 401
Every person who deliberately aids, or advises, or encourages another to commit suicide, is guilty of a felony.
California Penal Code Section 402
(a) Every person who goes to the scene of an emergency, or stops at the scene of an emergency, for the purpose of viewing the scene or the activities
California Penal Code Section 402a
Every person who adulterates candy by using in its manufacture terra alba or other deleterious substances, or who sells or keeps for sale any candy...
California Penal Code Section 402b
Any person who discards or abandons or leaves in any place accessible to children any refrigerator, icebox, deep-freeze locker, clothes dryer,...
California Penal Code Section 402c
On and after January 1, 1970, any person who sells a new refrigerator, icebox, or deep-freeze locker not equipped with an integral lock in this...
California Penal Code Section 403
Every person who, without authority of law, willfully disturbs or breaks up any assembly or meeting that is not unlawful in its character, other than
California Penal Code Section 404
(a) Any use of force or violence, disturbing the public peace, or any threat to use force or violence, if accompanied by immediate power of...
California Penal Code Section 404.6
(a) Every person who with the intent to cause a riot does an act or engages in conduct that urges a riot, or urges others to commit acts of force or...
California Penal Code Section 405
Every person who participates in any riot is punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in a county jail not...
California Penal Code Section 405a
The taking by means of a riot of any person from the lawful custody of any peace officer is a lynching.
California Penal Code Section 405b
Every person who participates in any lynching is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three or four years.
California Penal Code Section 406
Whenever two or more persons, assembled and acting together, make any attempt or advance toward the commission of an act which would be a riot if...
California Penal Code Section 407
Whenever two or more persons assemble together to do an unlawful act, or do a lawful act in a violent, boisterous, or tumultuous manner, such...
California Penal Code Section 408
Every person who participates in any rout or unlawful assembly is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 409
Every person remaining present at the place of any riot, rout, or unlawful assembly, after the same has been lawfully warned to disperse, except...
California Penal Code Section 409.3
Whenever law enforcement officers and emergency medical technicians are at the scene of an accident, management of the scene of the accident shall be
California Penal Code Section 409.5
(a) Whenever a menace to the public health or safety is created by a calamity including a flood, storm, fire, earthquake, explosion, accident, or...
California Penal Code Section 409.6
(a) Whenever a menace to the public health or safety is created by an avalanche, officers of the Department of the California Highway Patrol, police...
California Penal Code Section 410
If a magistrate or officer, having notice of an unlawful or riotous assembly, mentioned in this Chapter, neglects to proceed to the place of...
California Penal Code Section 412
Any person, who, within this state, engages in, or instigates, aids, encourages, or does any act to further, a pugilistic contest, or fight, or ring...
California Penal Code Section 413
Every person wilfully present as spectator at any fight or contention prohibited in the preceding section, is guilty of a misdemeanor. An...
California Penal Code Section 414
Every person who leaves this state with intent to evade any of the provisions of Section 412 or 413, and to commit any act out of this state such as...
California Penal Code Section 414a
No person, otherwise competent as a witness, is disqualified from testifying as such, concerning any offense under this act, on the ground that such...
California Penal Code Section 415
Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than 90 days, a fine of not more than four
California Penal Code Section 415.5
(a) Any person who (1) unlawfully fights within any building or upon the grounds of any school, community college, university, or state university ...
California Penal Code Section 416
(a) If two or more persons assemble for the purpose of disturbing the public peace, or committing any unlawful act, and do not disperse on being...
California Penal Code Section 417
(a) (1) Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of any other person, draws or exhibits any deadly weapon whatsoever, other than a...
California Penal Code Section 417.25
(a) Every person who, except in self-defense, aims or points a laser scope, as defined in subdivision (b), or a laser pointer, as defined in...
California Penal Code Section 417.26
(a) Any person who aims or points a laser scope as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 417.25, or a laser pointer, as defined in subdivision (c) of
California Penal Code Section 417.27
(a) No person, corporation, firm, or business entity of any kind shall knowingly sell a laser pointer to a person 17 years of age or younger, unless...
California Penal Code Section 417.3
Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of any other person who is an occupant of a motor vehicle proceeding on a public street or...
California Penal Code Section 417.4
Every person who, except in self-defense, draws or exhibits an imitation firearm, as defined in Section 12550, in a threatening manner against...
California Penal Code Section 417.6
(a) If, in the commission of a violation of Section 417 or 417.8, serious bodily injury is intentionally inflicted by the person drawing or...
California Penal Code Section 417.8
Every person who draws or exhibits any firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, or other deadly weapon, with the intent to resist or prevent the arrest...
California Penal Code Section 418
Every person using or procuring, encouraging or assisting another to use, any force or violence in entering upon or detaining any lands or other...
California Penal Code Section 419
Every person who has been removed from any lands by process of law, or who has removed from any lands pursuant to the lawful adjudication or...
California Penal Code Section 420
Every person who unlawfully prevents, hinders, or obstructs any person from peaceably entering upon or establishing a settlement or residence on any...
California Penal Code Section 420.1
Anyone who willfully and knowingly prevents, hinders, or obstructs any person from entering, passing over, or leaving land in which that person...
California Penal Code Section 422
Any person who willfully threatens to commit a crime which will result in death or great bodily injury to another person, with the specific intent...
California Penal Code Section 422.1
Every person who is convicted of a felony violation of Section 148.1 or 11418.1, under circumstances in which the defendant knew the underlying...
California Penal Code Section 422.4
(a) Any person who publishes information describing or depicting an academic researcher or his or her immediate family member, or the location or...
California Penal Code Section 422.55
For purposes of this title, and for purposes of all other state law unless an explicit provision of law or the context clearly requires a different...
California Penal Code Section 422.56
For purposes of this title, the following definitions shall apply: (a) "Association with a person or group with these actual or perceived...
California Penal Code Section 422.57
For purposes this code, unless an explicit provision of law or the context clearly requires a different meaning, "gender" has the same meaning as in...
California Penal Code Section 422.6
(a) No person, whether or not acting under color of law, shall by force or threat of force, willfully injure, intimidate, interfere with, oppress, or
California Penal Code Section 422.7
Except in the case of a person punished under Section 422.6, any hate crime that is not made punishable by imprisonment in the state prison shall be...
California Penal Code Section 422.75
(a) Except in the case of a person punished under Section 422.7, a person who commits a felony that is a hate crime or attempts to commit a felony...
California Penal Code Section 422.76
Except where the court imposes additional punishment under Section 422.75 or in a case in which the person has been convicted of an offense subject...
California Penal Code Section 422.77
(a) Any willful and knowing violation of any order issued pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 52.1 of the Civil Code shall be a misdemeanor
California Penal Code Section 422.78
The prosecuting agency of each county shall have the primary responsibility for the enforcement of orders issued pursuant to this title or Section...
California Penal Code Section 422.8
Except as otherwise required by law, nothing in this title shall be construed to prevent or limit the prosecution of any person pursuant to any...
California Penal Code Section 422.85
(a) In the case of any person who is convicted of any offense against the person or property of another individual, private institution, or public...
California Penal Code Section 422.86
(a) It is the public policy of this state that the principal goals of sentencing for hate crimes, are the following: (1) Punishment for the hate...
California Penal Code Section 422.865
(a) In the case of any person who is committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility under the provisions of Section 1026 for any offense...
California Penal Code Section 422.88
(a) The court in which a criminal proceeding stemming from a hate crime or alleged hate crime is filed shall take all actions reasonably required,...
California Penal Code Section 422.89
It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage counties, cities, law enforcement agencies, and school districts to establish education and training
California Penal Code Section 422.9
All state and local agencies shall use the definition of "hate crime" set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 422.55 exclusively, except as other...
California Penal Code Section 422.91
The Department of Corrections and the California Youth Authority, subject to available funding, shall do each of the following: (a) Cooperate...
California Penal Code Section 422.92
(a) Every state and local law enforcement agency in this state shall make available a brochure on hate crimes to victims of these crimes and the...
California Penal Code Section 422.93
(a) It is the public policy of this state to protect the public from crime and violence by encouraging all persons who are victims of or witnesses to
California Penal Code Section 423
This title shall be known and may be cited as the California Freedom of Access to Clinic and Church Entrances Act, or the California FACE Act.
California Penal Code Section 423.1
The following definitions apply for the purposes of this title: (a) "Crime of violence" means an offense that has as an element the use, attempted
California Penal Code Section 423.2
Every person who, except a parent or guardian acting towards his or her minor child or ward, commits any of the following acts shall be subject to...
California Penal Code Section 423.3
(a) A first violation of subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 423.2 is a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a period of not...
California Penal Code Section 423.4
(a) A person aggrieved by a violation of Section 423.2 may bring a civil action to enjoin the violation, for compensatory and punitive damages, and...
California Penal Code Section 423.5
(a) (1) The court in which a criminal or civil proceeding is filed for a violation of subdivision (a), (c), or (e) of Section 423.2 shall take all...
California Penal Code Section 423.6
This title shall not be construed for any of the following purposes: (a) To impair any constitutionally protected activity, or any activity...
California Penal Code Section 424
(a) Each officer of this state, or of any county, city, town, or district of this state, and every other person charged with the receipt,...
California Penal Code Section 425
Every officer charged with the receipt, safe keeping, or disbursement of public moneys, who neglects or fails to keep and pay over the same in the...
California Penal Code Section 426
The phrase "public moneys," as used in Sections 424 and 425, includes all bonds and evidence of indebtedness, and all moneys belonging to the state,...
California Penal Code Section 428
Every person who willfully obstructs or hinders any public officer from collecting any revenue, taxes, or other sums of money in which the people of...
California Penal Code Section 429
Any provider of telecommunications services in this state that intentionally fails to collect or remit, as may be required, the annual fee imposed...
California Penal Code Section 431
Every person who uses or gives any receipt, except that prescribed by law, as evidence of the payment of any poll tax, road tax, or license of any...
California Penal Code Section 432
Every person who has in his possession, with intent to circulate or sell, any blank licenses or poll tax receipts other than those furnished by the...
California Penal Code Section 436
Every person who acts as an auctioneer in violation of the laws of this State relating to auctions and auctioneers, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 439
Every person who in this State procures, or agrees to procure, any insurance for a resident of this State, from any insurance company not...
California Penal Code Section 440
Every officer charged with the collection, receipt, or disbursement of any portion of the revenue of this State, who, upon demand, fails or refuses...
California Penal Code Section 450
In this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings: (a) "Structure" means any building, or commercial or public tent, bridge,...
California Penal Code Section 451
A person is guilty of arson when he or she willfully and maliciously sets fire to or burns or causes to be burned or who aids, counsels, or procures...
California Penal Code Section 451.1
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, any person who is convicted of a felony violation of Section 451 shall be punished by a three-, four-, or...
California Penal Code Section 451.5
(a) Any person who willfully, maliciously, deliberately, with premeditation, and with intent to cause injury to one or more persons or to cause...
California Penal Code Section 452
A person is guilty of unlawfully causing a fire when he recklessly sets fire to or burns or causes to be burned, any structure, forest land or...
California Penal Code Section 452.1
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, any person who is convicted of a felony violation of Section 452 shall be punished by a one-, two-, or three-year...
California Penal Code Section 453
(a) Every person who possesses, manufactures, or disposes of any flammable, or combustible material or substance, or any incendiary device in an...
California Penal Code Section 454
(a) Every person who violates Section 451 or 452 during and within an area of any of the following, when proclaimed by the Governor, shall be...
California Penal Code Section 455
Any person who willfully and maliciously attempts to set fire to or attempts to burn or to aid, counsel or procure the burning of any structure,...
California Penal Code Section 456
(a) Upon conviction for any felony violation of this chapter, in addition to the penalty prescribed, the court may impose a fine not to exceed fifty...
California Penal Code Section 457
Upon conviction of any person for a violation of any provision of this chapter, the court may order that such person, for the purpose of sentencing,...
California Penal Code Section 457.1
(a) As used in this section, "arson" means a violation of Section 451, 451.5, or 453, and attempted arson, which includes, but is not limited to, a...
California Penal Code Section 458
As used in this chapter, the term "cargo container" means a receptacle with all of the following characteristics: (a) Of a permanent character and
California Penal Code Section 459
Every person who enters any house, room, apartment, tenement, shop, warehouse, store, mill, barn, stable, outhouse or other building, tent, vessel,...
California Penal Code Section 460
(a) Every burglary of an inhabited dwelling house, vessel, as defined in the Harbors and Navigation Code, which is inhabited and designed for...
California Penal Code Section 461
Burglary is punishable as follows: 1. Burglary in the first degree: by imprisonment in the state prison for two, four, or six years. 2....
California Penal Code Section 462
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to
California Penal Code Section 462.5
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to
California Penal Code Section 463
(a) Every person who violates Section 459, punishable as a second-degree burglary pursuant to subdivision 2 of Section 461, during and within an...
California Penal Code Section 464
Any person who, with intent to commit crime, enters, either by day or by night, any building, whether inhabited or not, and opens or attempts to open
California Penal Code Section 466
Every person having upon him or her in his or her possession a picklock, crow, keybit, crowbar, screwdriver, vise grip pliers, water-pump pliers,...
California Penal Code Section 466.1
Any person who knowingly and willfully sells or provides a lock pick, a tension bar, a lock pick gun, a tubular lock pick, or a floor-safe door...
California Penal Code Section 466.3
(a) Whoever possesses a key, tool, instrument, explosive, or device, or a drawing, print, or mold of a key, tool, instrument, explosive, or device,...
California Penal Code Section 466.5
(a) Every person who, with the intent to use it in the commission of an unlawful act, possesses a motor vehicle master key or a motor vehicle wheel...
California Penal Code Section 466.6
(a) Any person who makes a key capable of operating the ignition of a motor vehicle or personal property registered under the Vehicle Code for...
California Penal Code Section 466.7
Every person who, with the intent to use it in the commission of an unlawful act, possesses a motor vehicle key with knowledge that such key was made
California Penal Code Section 466.8
(a) Any person who knowingly and willfully makes a key capable of opening any door or other means of entrance to any residence or commercial...
California Penal Code Section 466.9
(a) Every person who possesses a code grabbing device, with the intent to use it in the commission of an unlawful act, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 468
Any person who knowingly buys, sells, receives, disposes of, conceals, or has in his possession a sniperscope shall be guilty of a misdemeanor,...
California Penal Code Section 469
Any person who knowingly makes, duplicates, causes to be duplicated, or uses, or attempts to make, duplicate, cause to be duplicated, or use, or has...
California Penal Code Section 470
(a) Every person who, with the intent to defraud, knowing that he or she has no authority to do so, signs the name of another person or of a...
California Penal Code Section 470a
Every person who alters, falsifies, forges, duplicates or in any manner reproduces or counterfeits any driver's license or identification card issued
California Penal Code Section 470b
Every person who displays or causes or permits to be displayed or has in his possession any driver's license or identification card of the type...
California Penal Code Section 471
Every person who, with intent to defraud another, makes, forges, or alters any entry in any book of records, or any instrument purporting to be any...
California Penal Code Section 471.5
Any person who alters or modifies the medical record of any person, with fraudulent intent, or who, with fraudulent intent, creates any false medical
California Penal Code Section 472
Every person who, with intent to defraud another, forges, or counterfeits the seal of this State, the seal of any public officer authorized by law,...
California Penal Code Section 473
Forgery is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year.
California Penal Code Section 474
Every person who knowingly and willfully sends by telegraph or telephone to any person a false or forged message, purporting to be from a telegraph...
California Penal Code Section 475
(a) Every person who possesses or receives, with the intent to pass or facilitate the passage or utterance of any forged, altered, or counterfeit...
California Penal Code Section 476
Every person who makes, passes, utters, or publishes, with intent to defraud any other person, or who, with the like intent, attempts to pass, utter,
California Penal Code Section 476a
(a) Any person who for himself or as the agent or representative of another or as an officer of a corporation, willfully, with intent to defraud,...
California Penal Code Section 477
Every person who counterfeits any of the species of gold or silver coin current in this State, or any kind or species of gold dust, gold or silver...
California Penal Code Section 478
Counterfeiting is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three or four years.
California Penal Code Section 479
Every person who has in his possession, or receives for any other person, any counterfeit gold or silver coin of the species current in this state,...
California Penal Code Section 480
(a) Every person who makes, or knowingly has in his or her possession any die, plate, or any apparatus, paper, metal, machine, or other thing...
California Penal Code Section 481
Every person who counterfeits, forges, or alters any ticket, check, order, coupon, receipt for fare, or pass, issued by any railroad or steamship...
California Penal Code Section 481.1
(a) Every person who counterfeits, forges, or alters any fare media designed to entitle the holder to a ride on vehicles of a public transportation...
California Penal Code Section 482
Every person who, for the purpose of restoring to its original appearance and nominal value in whole or in part, removes, conceals, fills up, or...
California Penal Code Section 483
Except as otherwise provided in Section 26002.5 of the Government Code and Sections 40180.5 and 99151 of the Public Utilities Code, any person, firm,
California Penal Code Section 483.5
(a) No deceptive identification document shall be manufactured, sold, offered for sale, furnished, offered to be furnished, transported, offered to...
California Penal Code Section 484
(a) Every person who shall feloniously steal, take, carry, lead, or drive away the personal property of another, or who shall fraudulently...
California Penal Code Section 484.1
(a) Any person who knowingly gives false information or provides false verification as to the person's true identity or as to the person's ownership...
California Penal Code Section 484b
Any person who receives money for the purpose of obtaining or paying for services, labor, materials or equipment and willfully fails to apply such...
California Penal Code Section 484c
Any person who submits a false voucher to obtain construction loan funds and does not use the funds for the purpose for which the claim was submitted
California Penal Code Section 484d
As used in this section and Sections 484e to 484j, inclusive: (1) "Cardholder" means any person to whom an access card is issued or any person...
California Penal Code Section 484e
(a) Every person who, with intent to defraud, sells, transfers, or conveys, an access card, without the cardholder's or issuer's consent, is guilty...
California Penal Code Section 484f
(a) Every person who, with the intent to defraud, designs, makes, alters, or embosses a counterfeit access card or utters or otherwise attempts to...
California Penal Code Section 484g
Every person who, with the intent to defraud, (a) uses, for the purpose of obtaining money, goods, services, or anything else of value, an access...
California Penal Code Section 484h
Every retailer or other person who, with intent to defraud: (a) Furnishes money, goods, services or anything else of value upon presentation of an
California Penal Code Section 484i
(a) Every person who possesses an incomplete access card, with intent to complete it without the consent of the issuer, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 484j
Any person who publishes the number or code of an existing, canceled, revoked, expired or nonexistent access card, personal identification number,...
California Penal Code Section 485
One who finds lost property under circumstances which give him knowledge of or means of inquiry as to the true owner, and who appropriates such...
California Penal Code Section 486
Theft is divided into two degrees, the first of which is termed grand theft; the second, petty theft.
California Penal Code Section 487
Grand theft is theft committed in any of the following cases: (a) When the money, labor, or real or personal property taken is of a value...
California Penal Code Section 487a
(a) Every person who shall feloniously steal, take, transport or carry the carcass of any bovine, caprine, equine, ovine, or suine animal or of any...
California Penal Code Section 487b
Every person who converts real estate of the value of one hundred dollars ($100) or more into personal property by severance from the realty of...
California Penal Code Section 487c
Every person who converts real estate of the value of less than one hundred dollars ($100) into personal property by severance from the realty of...
California Penal Code Section 487d
Every person who feloniously steals, takes, and carries away, or attempts to take, steal, and carry from any mining claim, tunnel, sluice,...
California Penal Code Section 487e
Every person who feloniously steals, takes, or carries away a dog of another which is of a value exceeding four hundred dollars ($400) is guilty of...
California Penal Code Section 487f
Every person who feloniously steals, takes, or carries away a dog of another which is of a value not exceeding four hundred dollars ($400) is guilty...
California Penal Code Section 487g
Every person who steals or maliciously takes or carries away any animal of another for purposes of sale, medical research, slaughter, or other...
California Penal Code Section 487h
(a) Every person who steals, takes, or carries away cargo of another, when the cargo taken is of a value exceeding four hundred dollars ($400),...
California Penal Code Section 487i
Any person who defrauds a housing program of a public housing authority of more than four hundred dollars ($400) is guilty of grand theft.
California Penal Code Section 488
Theft in other cases is petty theft.
California Penal Code Section 489
Grand theft is punishable as follows: (a) When the grand theft involves the theft of a firearm, by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months,
California Penal Code Section 490
Petty theft is punishable by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, or...
California Penal Code Section 490a
Wherever any law or statute of this state refers to or mentions larceny, embezzlement, or stealing, said law or statute shall hereafter be read and...
California Penal Code Section 490.1
(a) Petty theft, where the value of the money, labor, real or personal property taken is of a value which does not exceed fifty dollars ($50), may be
California Penal Code Section 490.5
(a) Upon a first conviction for petty theft involving merchandise taken from a merchant's premises or a book or other library materials taken from a...
California Penal Code Section 490.6
(a) A person employed by an amusement park may detain a person for a reasonable time for the purpose of conducting an investigation in a reasonable...
California Penal Code Section 490.7
(a) The Legislature finds that free newspapers provide a key source of information to the public, in many cases providing an important alternative to
California Penal Code Section 491
Dogs are personal property, and their value is to be ascertained in the same manner as the value of other property.
California Penal Code Section 492
If the thing stolen consists of any evidence of debt, or other written instrument, the amount of money due thereupon, or secured to be paid thereby,...
California Penal Code Section 493
If the thing stolen is any ticket or other paper or writing entitling or purporting to entitle the holder or proprietor thereof to a passage upon any
California Penal Code Section 494
All the provisions of this Chapter apply where the property taken is an instrument for the payment of money, evidence of debt, public security, or...
California Penal Code Section 495
The provisions of this Chapter apply where the thing taken is any fixture or part of the realty, and is severed at the time of the taking, in the...
California Penal Code Section 496
(a) Every person who buys or receives any property that has been stolen or that has been obtained in any manner constituting theft or extortion,...
California Penal Code Section 496a
(a) Every person who, being a dealer in or collector of junk, metals or secondhand materials, or the agent, employee, or representative of such...
California Penal Code Section 496b
Every person who, being a dealer in or collector of second-hand books or other literary material, or the agent, employee or representative of such...
California Penal Code Section 496c
Any person who shall copy, transcribe, photograph or otherwise make a record or memorandum of the contents of any private and unpublished paper,...
California Penal Code Section 496d
(a) Every person who buys or receives any motor vehicle, as defined in Section 415 of the Vehicle Code, any trailer, as defined in Section 630 of the
California Penal Code Section 496e
Any person who buys or receives, for purposes of salvage, any part of a fire hydrant or fire department connection, including, but not limited to,...
California Penal Code Section 497
Every person who, in another state or country steals or embezzles the property of another, or receives such property knowing it to have been stolen...
California Penal Code Section 498
(a) The following definitions govern the construction of this section: (1) "Person" means any individual, or any partnership, firm, association,...
California Penal Code Section 499
(a) Any person who, having been convicted of a previous violation of Section 10851 of the Vehicle Code, or of subdivision (d) of Section 487,...
California Penal Code Section 499b
(a) Any person who shall, without the permission of the owner thereof, take any bicycle for the purpose of temporarily using or operating the same,...
California Penal Code Section 499c
(a) As used in this section: (1) "Access" means to approach, a way or means of approaching, nearing, admittance to, including to instruct,...
California Penal Code Section 499d
Any person who operates or takes an aircraft not his own, without the consent of the owner thereof, and with intent to either permanently or...
California Penal Code Section 500
(a) Any person who receives money for the actual or purported purpose of transmitting the same or its equivalent to foreign countries as specified in
California Penal Code Section 501
Upon a trial for larceny or embezzlement of money, bank notes, certificates of stock, or valuable securities, the allegation of the indictment or...
California Penal Code Section 502
(a) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this section to expand the degree of protection afforded to individuals, businesses, and...
California Penal Code Section 502.01
(a) As used in this section: (1) "Property subject to forfeiture" means any property of the defendant that is illegal telecommunications equipment
California Penal Code Section 502.5
Every person who, after mortgaging or encumbering by deed of trust any real property, and during the existence of such mortgage or deed of trust, or...
California Penal Code Section 502.6
(a) Any person who knowingly, willfully, and with the intent to defraud, possesses a scanning device, or who knowingly, willfully, and with intent to
California Penal Code Section 502.7
(a) Any person who, knowingly, willfully, and with intent to defraud a person providing telephone or telegraph service, avoids or attempts to avoid,...
California Penal Code Section 502.8
(a) Any person who knowingly advertises illegal telecommunications equipment is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) Any person who possesses or uses...
California Penal Code Section 502.9
Upon conviction of a felony violation under this chapter, the fact that the victim was an elder or dependent person, as defined in Section 288, shall
California Penal Code Section 503
Embezzlement is the fraudulent appropriation of property by a person to whom it has been intrusted.
California Penal Code Section 504
Every officer of this state, or of any county, city, city and county, or other municipal corporation or subdivision thereof, and every deputy, clerk,
California Penal Code Section 504a
Every person who shall fraudulently remove, conceal or dispose of any goods, chattels or effects, leased or let to him by any instrument in writing,...
California Penal Code Section 504b
Where under the terms of a security agreement, as defined in paragraph (73) of subdivision (a) of Section 9102 of the Commercial Code, the debtor has
California Penal Code Section 505
Every carrier or other person having under his control personal property for the purpose of transportation for hire, who fraudulently appropriates it
California Penal Code Section 506
Every trustee, banker, merchant, broker, attorney, agent, assignee in trust, executor, administrator, or collector, or person otherwise intrusted...
California Penal Code Section 506a
Any person who, acting as collector, or acting in any capacity in or about a business conducted for the collection of accounts or debts owing by...
California Penal Code Section 506b
Any person who violates Section 2985.3 or 2985.4 of the Civil Code, relating to real property sales contracts, is guilty of a public offense...
California Penal Code Section 507
Every person intrusted with any property as bailee, tenant, or lodger, or with any power of attorney for the sale or transfer thereof, who...
California Penal Code Section 508
Every clerk, agent, or servant of any person who fraudulently appropriates to his own use, or secretes with a fraudulent intent to appropriate to his
California Penal Code Section 509
A distinct act of taking is not necessary to constitute embezzlement.
California Penal Code Section 510
Any evidence of debt, negotiable by delivery only, and actually executed, is the subject of embezzlement, whether it has been delivered or issued as...
California Penal Code Section 511
Upon any indictment for embezzlement, it is a sufficient defense that the property was appropriated openly and avowedly, and under a claim of title...
California Penal Code Section 512
The fact that the accused intended to restore the property embezzled, is no ground of defense or mitigation of punishment, if it has not been...
California Penal Code Section 513
Whenever, prior to an information laid before a magistrate, or an indictment found by a grand jury, charging the commission of embezzlement, the...
California Penal Code Section 514
Every person guilty of embezzlement is punishable in the manner prescribed for theft of property of the value or kind embezzled; and where the...
California Penal Code Section 515
Upon conviction of a felony violation under this chapter, the fact that the victim was an elder or dependent person, as defined in Section 288, shall
California Penal Code Section 518
Extortion is the obtaining of property from another, with his consent, or the obtaining of an official act of a public officer, induced by a wrongful
California Penal Code Section 519
Fear, such as will constitute extortion, may be induced by a threat, either: 1. To do an unlawful injury to the person or property of the...
California Penal Code Section 520
Every person who extorts any money or other property from another, under circumstances not amounting to robbery or carjacking, by means of force, or...
California Penal Code Section 521
Every person who commits any extortion under color of official right, in cases for which a different punishment is not prescribed in this Code, is...
California Penal Code Section 522
Every person who, by any extortionate means, obtains from another his signature to any paper or instrument, whereby, if such signature were freely...
California Penal Code Section 523
Every person who, with intent to extort any money or other property from another, sends or delivers to any person any letter or other writing,...
California Penal Code Section 524
Every person who attempts, by means of any threat, such as is specified in Section 519 of this code, to extort money or other property from another...
California Penal Code Section 525
Upon conviction of a felony violation under this chapter, the fact that the victim was an elder or dependent person, as defined in Section 288, shall
California Penal Code Section 526
Any person, who, with intent to obtain from another person any money, article of personal property or other thing of value, delivers or causes to be...
California Penal Code Section 527
Any person who shall sell or offer for sale, print, publish, or distribute any paper, document or written, typed or printed form, designed or...
California Penal Code Section 528
Every person who falsely personates another, and in such assumed character marries or pretends to marry, or to sustain the marriage relation towards...
California Penal Code Section 529
Every person who falsely personates another in either his private or official capacity, and in such assumed character either: 1. Becomes bail or...
California Penal Code Section 529a
Every person who manufactures, produces, sells, offers, or transfers to another any document purporting to be either a certificate of birth or...
California Penal Code Section 529.5
(a) Every person who manufactures, sells, offers for sale, or transfers any document, not amounting to counterfeit, purporting to be a...
California Penal Code Section 529.7
Any person who obtains, or assists another person in obtaining, a driver's license, identification card, vehicle registration certificate, or any...
California Penal Code Section 530
Every person who falsely personates another, in either his private or official capacity, and in such assumed character receives any money or...
California Penal Code Section 530.5
(a) Every person who willfully obtains personal identifying information, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 530.55, of another person, and uses
California Penal Code Section 530.55
(a) For purposes of this chapter, "person" means a natural person, living or deceased, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust,...
California Penal Code Section 530.6
(a) A person who has learned or reasonably suspects that his or her personal identifying information has been unlawfully used by another, as...
California Penal Code Section 530.7
(a) In order for a victim of identity theft to be included in the data base established pursuant to subdivision (c), he or she shall submit to the...
California Penal Code Section 530.8
(a) If a person discovers that an application in his or her name for a loan, credit line or account, credit card, charge card, public utility...
California Penal Code Section 531
Every person who is a party to any fraudulent conveyance of any lands, tenements, or hereditaments, goods or chattels, or any right or interest...
California Penal Code Section 531a
Every person who, with intent to defraud, knowingly executes or procures another to execute any instrument purporting to convey any real property, or
California Penal Code Section 532
(a) Every person who knowingly and designedly, by any false or fraudulent representation or pretense, defrauds any other person of money, labor, or...
California Penal Code Section 532a
(1) Any person who shall knowingly make or cause to be made, either directly or indirectly or through any agency whatsoever, any false statement in...
California Penal Code Section 532b
(a) Any person who falsely represents himself or herself as a veteran or ex-serviceman of any war in which the United States was engaged, in...
California Penal Code Section 532c
Any person, firm, corporation or copartnership who knowingly and designedly offers or gives with winning numbers at any drawing of numbers or with...
California Penal Code Section 532d
(a) Any person who solicits or attempts to solicit or receives money or property of any kind for a charitable, religious or eleemosynary purpose and...
California Penal Code Section 532e
Any person who receives money for the purpose of obtaining or paying for services, labor, materials or equipment incident to constructing...
California Penal Code Section 532f
(a) (1) A person, other than the loan applicant, who commits a public offense under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of Section 532a in connection with an...
California Penal Code Section 533
Every person who, after once selling, bartering, or disposing of any tract of land or town lot, or after executing any bond or agreement for the sale
California Penal Code Section 534
Every married person who falsely and fraudulently represents himself or herself as competent to sell or mortgage any real estate, to the validity of...
California Penal Code Section 535
Every person who obtains any money or property from another, or obtains the signature of another to any written instrument, the false making of which
California Penal Code Section 536
Every commission merchant, broker, agent, factor, or consignee, who shall willfully and corruptly make, or cause to be made, to the principal or...
California Penal Code Section 536a
It is hereby made the duty of every commission merchant, broker, factor, or consignee, to whom any property is consigned or entrusted for sale, to...
California Penal Code Section 537
(a) Any person who obtains any food, fuel, services, or accommodations at a hotel, inn, restaurant, boardinghouse, lodginghouse, apartment house,...
California Penal Code Section 537b
Any person who obtains any livery hire or other accommodation at any livery or feed stable, kept for profit, in this state, without paying therefor,...
California Penal Code Section 537c
Every owner, manager, proprietor, or other person, having the management, charge or control of any livery stable, feed or boarding stable, and every...
California Penal Code Section 537e
(a) Any person who knowingly buys, sells, receives, disposes of, conceals, or has in his or her possession any personal property from which the...
California Penal Code Section 537f
No storage battery composed in whole or in part of a used container, or used plate or plates and intended for use in the starting, lighting or...
California Penal Code Section 537g
(a) Unless otherwise provided by law, any person who knowingly removes, defaces, covers, alters or destroys a National Crime Information Center owner
California Penal Code Section 538
Every person, who, after mortgaging any of the property permitted to be mortgaged by the provisions of Sections 9102 and 9109 of the Commercial Code,
California Penal Code Section 538a
Every person who signs any letter addressed to a newspaper with the name of a person other than himself and sends such letter to the newspaper, or...
California Penal Code Section 538b
Any person who wilfully wears the badge, lapel button, rosette, or any part of the garb, robe, habit, or any other recognized and established...
California Penal Code Section 538c
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), any person who attaches or inserts an unauthorized advertisement in a newspaper, whether alone or in...
California Penal Code Section 538d
(a) Any person other than one who by law is given the authority of a peace officer, who willfully wears, exhibits, or uses the authorized uniform,...
California Penal Code Section 538e
(a) Any person, other than an officer or member of a fire department, who willfully wears, exhibits, or uses the authorized uniform, insignia,...
California Penal Code Section 538f
Any person, other than an employee of a public utility or district as defined in Sections 216 and 11503 of the Public Utilities Code, respectively,...
California Penal Code Section 538g
(a) Any person, other than a state, county, city, special district, or city and county officer or employee, who willfully wears, exhibits, or uses...
California Penal Code Section 538.5
Every person who transmits or causes to be transmitted by means of wire, radio or television communication any words, sounds, writings, signs,...
California Penal Code Section 539
Every person who, with the intent to defraud, certifies that a person ordered by the court to participate in community service as a condition of...
California Penal Code Section 548
(a) Every person who willfully injures, destroys, secretes, abandons, or disposes of any property which at the time is insured against loss or damage
California Penal Code Section 549
Any firm, corporation, partnership, or association, or any person acting in his or her individual capacity, or in his or her capacity as a public or...
California Penal Code Section 550
(a) It is unlawful to do any of the following, or to aid, abet, solicit, or conspire with any person to do any of the following: (1) Knowingly...
California Penal Code Section 551
(a) It is unlawful for any automotive repair dealer, contractor, or employees or agents thereof to offer to any insurance agent, broker, or adjuster...
California Penal Code Section 552
This article does not apply to any entry in the course of duty of any peace or police officer or other duly authorized public officer, nor does it...
California Penal Code Section 552.1
This article does not prohibit: (a) Any lawful activity for the purpose of engaging in any organizational effort on behalf of any labor union,...
California Penal Code Section 553
The following definitions apply to this article only: (a) "Sign" means a sign not less than one (1) square foot in area and upon which in letters...
California Penal Code Section 554
Any property, except that portion of such property to which the general public is accorded access, may be posted against trespassing and loitering in
California Penal Code Section 554.1
Any property described in Section 554 may be posted against trespassing and loitering in the following manner: (a) If it is not enclosed within a...
California Penal Code Section 555
It is unlawful to enter or remain upon any posted property without the written permission of the owner, tenant, or occupant in legal possession or...
California Penal Code Section 555.1
It is unlawful, without authority, to tear down, deface or destroy any sign posted pursuant to this article.
California Penal Code Section 555.2
It is unlawful to loiter in the immediate vicinity of any posted property. This section does not prohibit picketing in such immediate vicinity or...
California Penal Code Section 555.3
Violation of any of the provisions of this article is a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 555.4
The provisions of this article are applicable throughout the State in all counties and municipalities and no local authority shall enact or enforce...
California Penal Code Section 555.5
If any provision of this article, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance, is held to be invalid, the remainder of the article, and...
California Penal Code Section 556
It is a misdemeanor for any person to place or maintain, or cause to be placed or maintained without lawful permission upon any property of the...
California Penal Code Section 556.1
It is a misdemeanor for any person to place or maintain or cause to be placed or maintained upon any property in which he has no estate or right of...
California Penal Code Section 556.2
Sections 556 and 556.1 do not prevent the posting of any notice required by law or order of any court, to be posted, nor the posting or placing of...
California Penal Code Section 556.3
Any sign, picture, transparency, advertisement, or mechanical device placed on any property contrary to the provisions of Sections 556 and 556.1, is...
California Penal Code Section 556.4
For purposes of this article, information that appears on any sign, picture, transparency, advertisement, or mechanical device such as, but not...
California Penal Code Section 558
Every person other than an officer, employee or student of the University of California, or licensee of the Regents of the University of California,...
California Penal Code Section 558.1
Every person who violates any of the provisions of Section 558 is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of...
California Penal Code Section 560
Any bailee, as defined in Section 7102 of the Uniform Commercial Code, who issues or aids in issuing a document of title, or any person who secures...
California Penal Code Section 560.1
Any bailee, as defined in Section 7102 of the Uniform Commercial Code, who fraudulently issues or aids in fraudulently issuing a receipt for goods...
California Penal Code Section 560.2
Any bailee, as defined in Section 7102 of the Uniform Commercial Code, who delivers goods out of the possession of such bailee knowing that a...
California Penal Code Section 560.3
Any person who deposits goods with a bailee, as defined in Section 7102 of the Uniform Commercial Code, to which he has not title or upon which there
California Penal Code Section 560.4
Any bailee, as defined in Section 7102 of the Uniform Commercial Code, who issues or aids in issuing a duplicate or additional negotiable document of
California Penal Code Section 560.5
Where there are deposited with or held by a warehouseman goods of which he is owner either solely or jointly or in common with others such...
California Penal Code Section 560.6
(1) A corporation, firm, or person, and its or his agents or employees shall not issue, sell, pledge, assign, or transfer in this State any receipt,...
California Penal Code Section 565
It is a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six...
California Penal Code Section 566
It is a felony, punishable by a fine not exceeding one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500), or by imprisonment, or both, for an unauthorized...
California Penal Code Section 570
An act of unlawful subleasing of a motor vehicle, as defined in Section 571, shall be punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or in the county
California Penal Code Section 571
(a) A person engages in an act of unlawful subleasing of a motor vehicle if all of the following conditions are met: (1) The motor vehicle is...
California Penal Code Section 572
(a) The actual or purported transfer or assignment, or the assisting, causing, or arranging of an actual or purported transfer or assignment, of any...
California Penal Code Section 573
(a) The penalties under this chapter are in addition to any other remedies or penalties provided by law for the conduct proscribed by this chapter.
California Penal Code Section 574
As used in this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings: (a) "Buyer" has the meaning set forth in subdivision (c) of Section 2981
California Penal Code Section 577
Every person, being the master, owner or agent of any vessel, or officer or agent of any railroad, express or transportation company, or otherwise...
California Penal Code Section 578
Every person carrying on the business of a warehouseman, wharfinger, or other depositary of property, who issues any receipt, bill of lading, or...
California Penal Code Section 579
No person shall be convicted of an offense under Section 577 or 578 by reason that the contents of any barrel, box, case, cask, or other vessel or...
California Penal Code Section 580
Every person mentioned in this chapter, who issues any second or duplicate receipt or voucher, of a kind specified therein, at a time while any...
California Penal Code Section 581
Every person mentioned in this chapter, who sells, hypothecates, or pledges any merchandise for which any bill of lading, receipt, or voucher has...
California Penal Code Section 583
Section 581 does not apply where property is demanded or sold by virtue of process of law.
California Penal Code Section 587
Every person who maliciously, either: 1. Removes, displaces, injures, or destroys any part of any railroad, whether for steam or horse cars, or...
California Penal Code Section 587.1
(a) Every person who maliciously moves or causes to be moved, without authorization, any locomotive, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 587a
Every person, who, without being thereunto duly authorized by the owner, lessee, or person or corporation engaged in the operation of any railroad,...
California Penal Code Section 587b
Every person, who shall, without being thereunto authorized by the owner, lessee, person or corporation operating any railroad, enter into, climb...
California Penal Code Section 587c
Every person who fraudulently evades, or attempts to evade the payment of his fare, while traveling upon any railroad, shall be deemed guilty of a...
California Penal Code Section 588
Every person who negligently, willfully or maliciously digs up, removes, displaces, breaks down or otherwise injures or destroys any state or other...
California Penal Code Section 588a
Any person who throws or deposits any oil, glass bottle, glass, nails, tacks, hoops, wire, cans, or any other substance likely to injure any person,...
California Penal Code Section 588b
Any person who wilfully breaks down, removes, injures, or destroys any barrier or obstruction erected or placed in or upon any road or highway by the
California Penal Code Section 590
Every person who maliciously removes, destroys, injures, breaks or defaces any mile post, board or stone, or guide post erected on or near any...
California Penal Code Section 590a
One-half of all fines imposed and collected under Section 590 shall be paid to the informer who first causes a complaint to be filed charging the...
California Penal Code Section 591
A person who unlawfully and maliciously takes down, removes, injures, or obstructs any line of telegraph, telephone, or cable television, or any...
California Penal Code Section 591.5
A person who unlawfully and maliciously removes, injures, destroys, damages, or obstructs the use of any wireless communication device with the...
California Penal Code Section 592
(a) Every person who shall, without authority of the owner or managing agent, and with intent to defraud, take water from any canal, ditch, flume, or
California Penal Code Section 593
Every person who unlawfully and maliciously takes down, removes, injures, interferes with, or obstructs any line erected or maintained by proper...
California Penal Code Section 593a
(a) Every person who maliciously drives or places, in any tree, saw-log, shingle-bolt, or other wood, any iron, steel, ceramic, or other substance...
California Penal Code Section 593b
Every person who shall, without the written permission of the owner, lessee, or person or corporation operating any electrical transmission line,...
California Penal Code Section 593c
Every person who willfully and maliciously breaks, digs up, obstructs, interferes with, removes or injures any pipe or main or hazardous liquid...
California Penal Code Section 593d
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (e), any person who, for the purpose of intercepting, receiving, or using any program or other service carried...
California Penal Code Section 593e
(a) Every person who knowingly and willfully makes or maintains an unauthorized connection or connections, whether physically, electrically, or...
California Penal Code Section 593f
Every person who for profit knowingly and willfully manufactures, distributes, or sells any device or plan or kit for a device, or printed circuit...
California Penal Code Section 593g
Every person who, with the intent to use it in a violation of Section 593a, possesses any iron, steel, ceramic, or other substance sufficiently hard...
California Penal Code Section 594
(a) Every person who maliciously commits any of the following acts with respect to any real or personal property not his or her own, in cases other...
California Penal Code Section 594.1
(a) (1) It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation, except a parent or legal guardian, to sell or give or in any way furnish to...
California Penal Code Section 594.2
(a) Every person who possesses a masonry or glass drill bit, a carbide drill bit, a glass cutter, a grinding stone, an awl, a chisel, a carbide...
California Penal Code Section 594.3
(a) Any person who knowingly commits any act of vandalism to a church, synagogue, mosque, temple, building owned and occupied by a religious...
California Penal Code Section 594.35
Every person is guilty of a crime and punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or by imprisonment in a county jail for not exceeding one year,...
California Penal Code Section 594.4
(a) Any person who willfully and maliciously injects into or throws upon, or otherwise defaces, damages, destroys, or contaminates, any structure...
California Penal Code Section 594.5
Nothing in this code shall invalidate an ordinance of, nor be construed to prohibit the adoption of an ordinance by, a city, city and county, or...
California Penal Code Section 594.6
(a) Every person who, having been convicted of vandalism or affixing graffiti or other inscribed material under Section 594, 594.3, 594.4, or 640.7,...
California Penal Code Section 594.7
Notwithstanding subdivision (b) of Section 594, every person who, having been convicted previously of vandalism under Section 594 for maliciously...
California Penal Code Section 594.8
(a) Any person convicted of possession of a destructive implement with intent to commit graffiti or willfully affixing graffiti under Section 594.2,...
California Penal Code Section 595
The specification of the Acts enumerated in the following sections of this Chapter is not intended to restrict or qualify the interpretation of the...
California Penal Code Section 596
Every person who, without the consent of the owner, wilfully administers poison to any animal, the property of another, or exposes any poisonous...
California Penal Code Section 596.5
It shall be a misdemeanor for any owner or manager of an elephant to engage in abusive behavior towards the elephant, which behavior shall include...
California Penal Code Section 596.7
(a) (1) For purposes of this section, "rodeo" means a performance featuring competition between persons that includes three or more of the following...
California Penal Code Section 597
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c) of this section or Section 599c, every person who maliciously and intentionally maims, mutilates, tortures,
California Penal Code Section 597.1
(a) Every owner, driver, or keeper of any animal who permits the animal to be in any building, enclosure, lane, street, square, or lot of any city,...
California Penal Code Section 597.2
(a) It shall be the duty of an officer of a pound, humane society, or animal regulation department of a public agency to assist in a case involving...
California Penal Code Section 597.3
(a) Every person who operates a live animal market shall do all of the following: (1) Provide that no animal will be dismembered, flayed, cut...
California Penal Code Section 597.5
(a) Any person who does any of the following is guilty of a felony and is punishable by imprisonment in a state prison for 16 months, or two or three
California Penal Code Section 597.6
(a) (1) No person may perform, or otherwise procure or arrange for the performance of, surgical claw removal, declawing, onychectomy, or tendonectomy
California Penal Code Section 597.7
(a) No person shall leave or confine an animal in any unattended motor vehicle under conditions that endanger the health or well-being of an animal...
California Penal Code Section 597a
Whoever carries or causes to be carried in or upon any vehicle or otherwise any domestic animal in a cruel or inhuman manner, or knowingly and...
California Penal Code Section 597b
(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), any person who, for amusement or gain, causes any bull, bear, or other animal, not including any...
California Penal Code Section 597c
Any person who is knowingly present as a spectator at any place, building, or tenement for an exhibition of animal fighting, or who is knowingly...
California Penal Code Section 597d
Any sheriff, police, or peace officer, or officer qualified as provided in Section 14502 of the Corporations Code, may enter any place, building, or...
California Penal Code Section 597e
Any person who impounds, or causes to be impounded in any pound, any domestic animal, shall supply it during such confinement with a sufficient...
California Penal Code Section 597f
(a) Every owner, driver, or possessor of any animal, who permits the animal to be in any building, enclosure, lane, street, square, or lot, of any...
California Penal Code Section 597g
(a) Poling a horse is a method of training horses to jump which consists of (1) forcing, persuading, or enticing a horse to jump in such manner that...
California Penal Code Section 597h
It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or attach or fasten any live animal to any machine or device propelled by any power for the purpose of...
California Penal Code Section 597i
(a) It shall be unlawful for anyone to manufacture, buy, sell, barter, exchange, or have in his or her possession any of the implements commonly...
California Penal Code Section 597j
(a) Any person who owns, possesses, keeps, or trains any bird or other animal with the intent that it be used or engaged by himself or herself, by...
California Penal Code Section 597k
Anyone who, having care, custody or control of any horse or other animal, uses what is known as the bristle bur, tack bur, or other like device, by...
California Penal Code Section 597l
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person who operates a pet shop to fail to do all of the following: (1) Maintain the facilities used for the...
California Penal Code Section 597m
It shall be unlawful for any person to promote, advertise, stage, hold, manage, conduct, participate in, engage in, or carry on any bullfight...
California Penal Code Section 597n
Any person who cuts the solid part of the tail of any horse in the operation known as "docking," or in any other operation performed for the purpose...
California Penal Code Section 597o
(a) Any person who transports an equine in a vehicle to slaughter shall meet the following requirements: (1) The vehicle shall have sufficient...
California Penal Code Section 597p
Within 30 days after the passage of this act, every owner, or user of any docked horse, within the State of California, shall register his or her...
California Penal Code Section 597q
The driving, working, keeping, racing or using of any unregistered docked horse, or horses, after 60 days after the passage of this act, shall be...
California Penal Code Section 597r
Any person or persons violating any of the provisions of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; provided, however, that the provisions of
California Penal Code Section 597s
(a) Every person who willfully abandons any animal is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) This section shall not apply to the release or rehabilitation...
California Penal Code Section 597t
Every person who keeps an animal confined in an enclosed area shall provide it with an adequate exercise area. If the animal is restricted by a...
California Penal Code Section 597u
(a) No person, peace officer, officer of a humane society, or officer of a pound or animal regulation department of a public agency shall kill any...
California Penal Code Section 597v
No person, peace officer, officer of a humane society, or officer of a pound or animal regulation department of a public agency shall kill any...
California Penal Code Section 597x
(a) Notwithstanding Section 18734 of the Food and Agricultural Code or any other provision of law, it is unlawful for any person to sell, attempt to...
California Penal Code Section 597y
A violation of Section 597u, 597v, or 597w is a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 597z
(a) (1) Except as otherwise authorized under any other provision of law, it shall be a crime, punishable as specified in subdivision (b), for any...
California Penal Code Section 598
Every person who, within any public cemetery or burying ground, kills, wounds, or traps any bird, or destroys any bird's nest other than swallows'...
California Penal Code Section 598a
(a) Every person is guilty of a misdemeanor who kills any dog or cat with the sole intent of selling or giving away the pelt of such animal. (b)...
California Penal Code Section 598b
(a) Every person is guilty of a misdemeanor who possesses, imports into, or exports from, this state, sells, buys, gives away, or accepts any carcass
California Penal Code Section 598c
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, it is unlawful for any person to possess, to import into or export from the state, or to sell, buy,...
California Penal Code Section 598d
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, horsemeat may not be offered for sale for human consumption. No restaurant, cafe, or other public...
California Penal Code Section 599
Every person is guilty of a misdemeanor who: (a) Sells or gives away, any live chicks, rabbits, ducklings, or other fowl as a prize for, or as an...
California Penal Code Section 599a
When complaint is made, on oath, to any magistrate authorized to issue warrants in criminal cases, that the complainant believes that any provision...
California Penal Code Section 599b
In this title, the word "animal" includes every dumb creature; the words "torment," "torture," and "cruelty" include every act, omission, or neglect...
California Penal Code Section 599c
No part of this title shall be construed as interfering with any of the laws of this state known as the "game laws," or any laws for or against the...
California Penal Code Section 599d
(a) It is the policy of the state that no adoptable animal should be euthanized if it can be adopted into a suitable home. Adoptable animals include...
California Penal Code Section 599e
Every animal which is unfit, by reason of its physical condition, for the purpose for which such animals are usually employed, and when there is no...
California Penal Code Section 599f
(a) No slaughterhouse, stockyard, auction, market agency, or dealer shall buy, sell, or receive a nonambulatory animal. (b) No slaughterhouse...
California Penal Code Section 600
(a) Any person who willfully and maliciously and with no legal justification strikes, beats, kicks, cuts, stabs, shoots with a firearm, administers...
California Penal Code Section 600.2
(a) It is a crime for any person to permit any dog which is owned, harbored, or controlled by him or her to cause injury to or the death of any...
California Penal Code Section 600.5
(a) Any person who intentionally causes injury to or the death of any guide, signal, or service dog, as defined by Section 54.1 of the Civil Code,...
California Penal Code Section 601
(a) Any person is guilty of trespass who makes a credible threat to cause serious bodily injury, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 417.6, to...
California Penal Code Section 602
Except as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (v), subdivision (x), and Section 602.8, every person who willfully commits a trespass by any of...
California Penal Code Section 602.1
(a) Any person who intentionally interferes with any lawful business or occupation carried on by the owner or agent of a business establishment open...
California Penal Code Section 602.2
Any ordinance or resolution adopted by a county which requires written permission to enter vacant or unimproved private land from either the owner,...
California Penal Code Section 602.3
(a) A lodger who is subject to Section 1946.5 of the Civil Code and who remains on the premises of an owner-occupied dwelling unit after receipt of a
California Penal Code Section 602.4
Every person who enters or remains on airport property owned by a city, county, or city and county but located in another county, and sells, peddles,
California Penal Code Section 602.5
(a) Every person other than a public officer or employee acting within the course and scope of his or her employment in performance of a duty imposed
California Penal Code Section 602.6
Every person who enters or remains in, or upon, any state, county, district, or citrus fruit fair buildings or grounds, when the buildings or grounds
California Penal Code Section 602.7
Every person who enters or remains on any property, facility, or vehicle owned by the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District or the Southern...
California Penal Code Section 602.8
(a) Any person who without the written permission of the landowner, the owner's agent, or the person in lawful possession of the land, willfully...
California Penal Code Section 602.9
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c), any person who, without the owner's or owner's agent's consent, claims ownership or claims or takes...
California Penal Code Section 602.10
Every person who, by physical force and with the intent to prevent attendance or instruction, willfully obstructs or attempts to obstruct any student
California Penal Code Section 602.11
(a) Any person, alone or in concert with others, who intentionally prevents an individual from entering or exiting a health care facility, place of...
California Penal Code Section 602.12
(a) Any person who enters the residential real property of an academic researcher for the purpose of chilling, preventing the exercise of, or...
California Penal Code Section 603
Every person other than a peace officer engaged in the performance of his duties as such who forcibly and without the consent of the owner,...
California Penal Code Section 604
Every person who maliciously injures or destroys any standing crops, grain, cultivated fruits or vegetables, the property of another, in any case for
California Penal Code Section 605
Every person who either: 1. Maliciously removes any monument erected for the purpose of designating any point in the boundary of any lot or tract...
California Penal Code Section 607
Every person who willfully and maliciously cuts, breaks, injures, or destroys, or who, without the authority of the owner or managing agent, operates
California Penal Code Section 610
Every person who unlawfully masks, alters, or removes any light or signal, or willfully exhibits any light or signal, with intent to bring any vessel
California Penal Code Section 615
Every person who willfully injures, defaces, or removes any signal, monument, building, or appurtenance thereto, placed, erected, or used by persons...
California Penal Code Section 616
Every person who intentionally defaces, obliterates, tears down, or destroys any copy or transcript, or extract from or of any law of the United...
California Penal Code Section 617
Every person who maliciously mutilates, tears, defaces, obliterates, or destroys any written instrument, the property of another, the false making of
California Penal Code Section 618
Every person who willfully opens or reads, or causes to be read, any sealed letter not addressed to himself, without being authorized so to do,...
California Penal Code Section 620
Every person who willfully alters the purport, effect, or meaning of a telegraphic or telephonic message to the injury of another, is punishable by...
California Penal Code Section 621
Every person who maliciously destroys, cuts, breaks, mutilates, effaces, or otherwise injures, tears down, or removes any law enforcement memorial or
California Penal Code Section 622
Every person, not the owner thereof, who willfully injures, disfigures, or destroys any monument, work of art, or useful or ornamental improvement...
California Penal Code Section 623
(a) Except as otherwise provided in Section 599c, any person who, without the prior written permission of the owner of a cave, intentionally and...
California Penal Code Section 624
Every person who wilfully breaks, digs up, obstructs, or injures any pipe or main for conducting water, or any works erected for supplying buildings...
California Penal Code Section 625
Every person who, with intent to defraud or injure, opens or causes to be opened, or draws water from any stopcock or faucet by which the flow of...
California Penal Code Section 625b
(a) Every person who willfully injures or tampers with any aircraft or the contents or parts thereof, or removes any part of or from an aircraft...
California Penal Code Section 625c
Any person who, with the intent to cause great bodily injury to another person, willfully removes, tampers with, injures or destroys any passenger...
California Penal Code Section 626
(a) As used in this chapter, the following definitions apply: (1) "University" means the University of California, and includes any affiliated...
California Penal Code Section 626.2
Every student or employee who, after a hearing, has been suspended or dismissed from a community college, a state university, the university, or a...
California Penal Code Section 626.4
(a) The chief administrative officer of a campus or other facility of a community college, a state university, the university, or a school, or an...
California Penal Code Section 626.6
(a) If a person who is not a student, officer or employee of a college or university and who is not required by his or her employment to be on the...
California Penal Code Section 626.7
(a) If a person who is not a student, officer, or employee of a public school, and who is not required by his or her employment to be on the campus...
California Penal Code Section 626.8
(a) Any person who comes into any school building or upon any school ground, or street, sidewalk, or public way adjacent thereto, without lawful...
California Penal Code Section 626.81
(a) Any person who is required to register as a sex offender pursuant to Section 290, who comes into any school building or upon any school ground...
California Penal Code Section 626.85
(a) Any specified drug offender who, at any time, comes into any school building or upon any school ground, or adjacent street, sidewalk, or public...
California Penal Code Section 626.9
(a) This section shall be known, and may be cited, as the Gun-Free School Zone Act of 1995. (b) Any person who possesses a firearm in a place that
California Penal Code Section 626.95
(a) Any person who is in violation of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), or subdivision (b), of Section 417 , or Section 12025 or 12031, upon the...
California Penal Code Section 626.10
(a) Any person, except a duly appointed peace officer as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, a full-time paid...
California Penal Code Section 626.11
(a) Any evidence seized by a teacher, official, employee, or governing board member of any university, state university, or community college, or by...
California Penal Code Section 627
(a) The Legislature finds the following: (1) Violent crimes perpetrated on public school grounds interfere with the education of students and...
California Penal Code Section 627.1
As used in this chapter, with regard to a public school: (a) An "outsider" is any person other than: (1) A student of the school; except that a
California Penal Code Section 627.2
No outsider shall enter or remain on school grounds during school hours without having registered with the principal or designee, except to proceed...
California Penal Code Section 627.3
In order to register, an outsider shall upon request furnish the principal or designee with the following: (1) His or her name, address, and...
California Penal Code Section 627.4
(a) The principal or his or her designee may refuse to register an outsider if he or she has a reasonable basis for concluding that the outsider's...
California Penal Code Section 627.5
Any person who is denied registration or whose registration is revoked may request a hearing before the principal or superintendent on the propriety...
California Penal Code Section 627.6
At each entrance to the school grounds of every public school at which this chapter is in force, signs shall be posted specifying the hours during...
California Penal Code Section 627.7
(a) It is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not to exceed six months, or by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars...
California Penal Code Section 627.8
Every outsider who willfully and knowingly violates this chapter after having been previously convicted of a violation of this chapter committed...
California Penal Code Section 627.8a
The penalties imposed by the provisions of this chapter shall be utilized to prevent, deter, and punish those committing crimes on school campuses. ...
California Penal Code Section 627.9
The governing board of any school district may: (a) Exempt the district or any school or class of schools in the district from the operation of...
California Penal Code Section 627.10
A person whose presence or conduct on school grounds violates another provision of law may be punished for that violation, regardless of whether he...
California Penal Code Section 629.50
(a) Each application for an order authorizing the interception of a wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone communication shall be...
California Penal Code Section 629.51
For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings: (a) "Wire communication" means any aural transfer made in whole
California Penal Code Section 629.52
Upon application made under Section 629.50, the judge may enter an ex parte order, as requested or modified, authorizing interception of wire,...
California Penal Code Section 629.53
The Judicial Council may establish guidelines for judges to follow in granting an order authorizing the interception of any wire, electronic pager,...
California Penal Code Section 629.54
Each order authorizing the interception of any wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone communication shall specify all of the...
California Penal Code Section 629.56
(a) Upon informal application by the Attorney General, Chief Deputy Attorney General, or Chief Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Law Division, or...
California Penal Code Section 629.58
No order entered under this chapter shall authorize the interception of any wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone, or electronic...
California Penal Code Section 629.60
Whenever an order authorizing an interception is entered, the order shall require reports in writing or otherwise to be made to the judge who issued...
California Penal Code Section 629.61
(a) Whenever an order authorizing an interception is entered, the order shall require a report in writing or otherwise to be made to the Attorney...
California Penal Code Section 629.62
(a) The Attorney General shall prepare and submit an annual report to the Legislature, the Judicial Council, and the Director of the Administrative...
California Penal Code Section 629.64
The contents of any wire or electronic communication intercepted by any means authorized by this chapter shall, if possible, be recorded on any...
California Penal Code Section 629.66
Applications made and orders granted pursuant to this chapter shall be sealed by the judge. Custody of the applications and orders shall be where...
California Penal Code Section 629.68
Within a reasonable time, but no later than 90 days, after the termination of the period of an order or extensions thereof, or after the filing of an
California Penal Code Section 629.70
(a) A defendant shall be notified that he or she was identified as the result of an interception that was obtained pursuant to this chapter. The...
California Penal Code Section 629.72
Any person in any trial, hearing, or proceeding, may move to suppress some or all of the contents of any intercepted wire, electronic pager, or...
California Penal Code Section 629.74
The Attorney General, any deputy attorney general, district attorney, or deputy district attorney, or any peace officer who, by any means authorized...
California Penal Code Section 629.76
The Attorney General, any deputy attorney general, district attorney, or deputy district attorney, or any peace officer or federal law enforcement...
California Penal Code Section 629.78
Any person who has received, by any means authorized by this chapter, any information concerning a wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular...
California Penal Code Section 629.80
No otherwise privileged communication intercepted in accordance with, or in violation of, the provisions of this chapter shall lose its privileged...
California Penal Code Section 629.82
(a) If a peace officer or federal law enforcement officer, while engaged in intercepting wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone...
California Penal Code Section 629.84
Any violation of this chapter is punishable by a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by imprisonment in the county jail
California Penal Code Section 629.86
Any person whose wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone communication is intercepted, disclosed, or used in violation of this...
California Penal Code Section 629.88
Nothing in Section 631, 632.5, 632.6, or 632.7 shall be construed as prohibiting any peace officer or federal law enforcement officer from...
California Penal Code Section 629.89
No order issued pursuant to this chapter shall either directly or indirectly authorize covert entry into or upon the premises of a residential...
California Penal Code Section 629.90
An order authorizing the interception of a wire, electronic pager, or electronic cellular telephone communication shall direct, upon request of the...
California Penal Code Section 629.91
A good faith reliance on a court order issued in accordance with this chapter by any public utility, landlord, custodian, or any other person...
California Penal Code Section 629.92
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any court to which an application is made in accordance with this chapter may take any evidence, make any
California Penal Code Section 629.94
(a) The Commission on Peace Officer Standards and Training, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall establish a course of training in the...
California Penal Code Section 629.96
If any provision of this chapter, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter, and the...
California Penal Code Section 629.98
This chapter shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2012, and as of that date is repealed.
California Penal Code Section 630
The Legislature hereby declares that advances in science and technology have led to the development of new devices and techniques for the purpose of...
California Penal Code Section 631
(a) Any person who, by means of any machine, instrument, or contrivance, or in any other manner, intentionally taps, or makes any unauthorized...
California Penal Code Section 632
(a) Every person who, intentionally and without the consent of all parties to a confidential communication, by means of any electronic amplifying or...
California Penal Code Section 632.5
(a) Every person who, maliciously and without the consent of all parties to the communication, intercepts, receives, or assists in intercepting or...
California Penal Code Section 632.6
(a) Every person who, maliciously and without the consent of all parties to the communication, intercepts, receives, or assists in intercepting or...
California Penal Code Section 632.7
(a) Every person who, without the consent of all parties to a communication, intercepts or receives and intentionally records, or assists in the...
California Penal Code Section 633
Nothing in Section 631, 632, 632.5, 632.6, or 632.7 prohibits the Attorney General, any district attorney, or any assistant, deputy, or investigator...
California Penal Code Section 633.1
(a) Nothing in Section 631, 632, 632.5, 632.6, or 632.7 prohibits any person regularly employed as an airport law enforcement officer, as described...
California Penal Code Section 633.5
Nothing in Section 631, 632, 632.5, 632.6, or 632.7 prohibits one party to a confidential communication from recording the communication for the...
California Penal Code Section 633.6
(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter, and in accordance with federal law, upon the request of a victim of domestic violence who is...
California Penal Code Section 634
Any person who trespasses on property for the purpose of committing any act, or attempting to commit any act, in violation of Section 631, 632,...
California Penal Code Section 635
(a) Every person who manufactures, assembles, sells, offers for sale, advertises for sale, possesses, transports, imports, or furnishes to another...
California Penal Code Section 636
(a) Every person who, without permission from all parties to the conversation, eavesdrops on or records, by means of an electronic device, a...
California Penal Code Section 636.5
Any person not authorized by the sender, who intercepts any public safety radio service communication, by use of a scanner or any other means, for...
California Penal Code Section 637
Every person not a party to a telegraphic or telephonic communication who willfully discloses the contents of a telegraphic or telephonic message, or
California Penal Code Section 637.1
Every person not connected with any telegraph or telephone office who, without the authority or consent of the person to whom the same may be...
California Penal Code Section 637.2
(a) Any person who has been injured by a violation of this chapter may bring an action against the person who committed the violation for the greater
California Penal Code Section 637.3
(a) No person or entity in this state shall use any system which examines or records in any manner voice prints or other voice stress patterns of...
California Penal Code Section 637.4
(a) No state or local governmental agency involved in the investigation or prosecution of crimes, or any employee thereof, shall require or request...
California Penal Code Section 637.5
(a) No person who owns, controls, operates, or manages a satellite or cable television corporation, or who leases channels on a satellite or cable...
California Penal Code Section 637.6
(a) No person who, in the course of business, acquires or has access to personal information concerning an individual, including, but not limited to,
California Penal Code Section 637.7
(a) No person or entity in this state shall use an electronic tracking device to determine the location or movement of a person. (b) This section...
California Penal Code Section 637.9
(a) Any person who, in the course of business, provides mailing lists, computerized or telephone-based reference services, or similar products or...
California Penal Code Section 638
(a) Any person who purchases, sells, offers to purchase or sell, or conspires to purchase or sell any telephone calling pattern record or list,...
California Penal Code Section 639
Every person who gives, offers, or agrees to give to any director, officer, or employee of a financial institution any emolument, gratuity, or...
California Penal Code Section 639a
Any officer, director or employee of a financial institution who asks, receives, consents, or agrees to receive any commission, emolument, gratuity,...
California Penal Code Section 640
(a) Any of the acts described in subdivision (b) is an infraction punishable by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and by...
California Penal Code Section 640.2
(a) Any person who stamps, prints, places, or inserts any writing in or on any product or box, package, or other container containing a consumer...
California Penal Code Section 640.5
(a) (1) Any person who defaces with graffiti or other inscribed material the interior or exterior of the facilities or vehicles of a governmental...
California Penal Code Section 640.6
(a) (1) Except as provided in Section 640.5, any person who defaces with graffiti or other inscribed material any real or personal property not his...
California Penal Code Section 640.7
Any person who violates Section 594, 640.5, or 640.6 on or within 100 feet of a highway, or its appurtenances, including, but not limited to,...
California Penal Code Section 640.8
Any person who violates Section 594, 640.5, or 640.6, on a freeway, or its appurtenances, including sound walls, overpasses, overpass supports,...
California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 1
1. Any person who knowingly, wilfully and with intent to defraud the owner, lessee or licensee of any coin-box telephone, shall operate or cause to...
California Penal Code Section 641
Every person who, by the payment or promise of any bribe, inducement, or reward, procures or attempts to procure any telegraph or telephone agent,...
California Penal Code Section 641.3
(a) Any employee who solicits, accepts, or agrees to accept money or any thing of value from a person other than his or her employer, other than in...
California Penal Code Section 641.4
(a) An employee of a title insurer, underwritten title company, or controlled escrow company who corruptly violates Section 12404 of the Insurance...
California Penal Code Section 641.5
(a) In any clothes cleaning establishment in which more than one gallon of a volatile, commercially moisture-free solvent of the chlorinated...
California Penal Code Section 641.6
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person engaged in the business of dry cleaning shall use carbon tetrachloride or trichlorethylene as a
California Penal Code Section 642
Every person who wilfully and maliciously removes and keeps possession of and appropriates for his own use articles of value from a dead human body,...
California Penal Code Section 643
No person knowingly shall dispose of fetal remains in a public or private dump, refuse, or disposal site or place open to public view. For the...
California Penal Code Section 645
(a) Any person guilty of a first conviction of any offense specified in subdivision (c), where the victim has not attained 13 years of age, may, upon
California Penal Code Section 646
It is unlawful for any person with the intent, or for the purpose of instituting a suit thereon outside of this state, to seek or solicit the...
California Penal Code Section 646.5
No person shall knowingly and directly solicit employment from any injured person or from any other person to obtain authorization on behalf of the...
California Penal Code Section 646.6
No person shall knowingly and directly solicit any injured person, or anyone acting on behalf of any injured person, for the sale or use of...
California Penal Code Section 646.9
(a) Any person who willfully, maliciously, and repeatedly follows or willfully and maliciously harasses another person and who makes a credible...
California Penal Code Section 646.91
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a judicial officer may issue an ex parte emergency protective order where a peace officer, as defined in Section...
California Penal Code Section 646.91a
(a) The court shall order that any party enjoined pursuant to Section 646.91 be prohibited from taking any action to obtain the address or location...
California Penal Code Section 646.92
(a) The Department of Corrections, county sheriff, or director of the local department of corrections shall give notice not less than 15 days prior...
California Penal Code Section 646.93
(a) (1) In those counties where the arrestee is initially incarcerated in a jail operated by the county sheriff, the sheriff shall designate a...
California Penal Code Section 646.94
(a) Contingent upon a Budget Act appropriation, the Department of Corrections shall ensure that any parolee convicted of violating Section 646.9 on...
California Penal Code Section 647
Every person who commits any of the following acts is guilty of disorderly conduct, a misdemeanor: (a) Who solicits anyone to engage in or who...
California Penal Code Section 647.1
In addition to any fine assessed under Section 647, the judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against any person who violates...
California Penal Code Section 647.2
If a person is convicted of a violation of subdivision (f) of Section 647 and is granted probation, the court may order, with the consent of the...
California Penal Code Section 647.6
(a) (1) Every person who annoys or molests any child under 18 years of age shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000),...
California Penal Code Section 647.7
(a) In any case in which a person is convicted of violating subdivision (i) or (k) of Section 647, the court may require counseling as a condition of
California Penal Code Section 647a
(a) Any peace officer, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 830.1 or Section 830.31, 830.32, or 830.33, may transport any person, as quickly as...
California Penal Code Section 647b
Every person who loiters about any school in which adults are in attendance at courses established pursuant to Chapter 10 (commencing with Section...
California Penal Code Section 647c
Every person who willfully and maliciously obstructs the free movement of any person on any street, sidewalk, or other public place or on or in any...
California Penal Code Section 647d
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, subdivision (b) shall become operative in a county only if the board of supervisors adopts the...
California Penal Code Section 647e
(a) A city, county, or city and county may by local ordinance provide that no person who has in his or her possession any bottle, can or other...
California Penal Code Section 647f
In any accusatory pleading charging a violation of subdivision (b) of Section 647, if the defendant has been previously convicted one or more times...
California Penal Code Section 648
Every person who makes, issues, or puts in circulation any bill, check, ticket, certificate, promissory note, or the paper of any bank, to circulate...
California Penal Code Section 648a
(a) Every person who has in his or her possession for any illegal purpose or who makes, sells, issues, or puts in circulation any slug or token that...
California Penal Code Section 649
Any person engaged in the transportation of persons by taxicab or other means of conveyance who knowingly misdirects a prospective guest of any...
California Penal Code Section 649a
Any person engaged in the operation of any hotel, inn, boardinghouse or lodginghouse who pays another any compensation for inducing or attempting to...
California Penal Code Section 651
It is a misdemeanor for any person to buy, receive, sell, give away, dispose of, exchange or barter any Federal order stamps except for the foods or...
California Penal Code Section 652
(a) It shall be an infraction for any person to perform or offer to perform body piercing upon a person under the age of 18 years, unless the body...
California Penal Code Section 653
Every person who tattoos or offers to tattoo a person under the age of 18 years is guilty of a misdemeanor. As used in this section, to "tattoo"...
California Penal Code Section 653b
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), every person who loiters about any school or public place at or near which children attend or normally...
California Penal Code Section 653c
(a) No person required to register as a sex offender pursuant to Section 290 for an offense committed against an elder or dependent adult, as defined
California Penal Code Section 653d
Every person who sells machinery used or to be used for mining purposes who fails to give to the buyer, at the time of sale, a bill of sale for the...
California Penal Code Section 653f
(a) Every person who, with the intent that the crime be committed, solicits another to offer, accept, or join in the offer or acceptance of a bribe,...
California Penal Code Section 653h
(a) Every person is guilty of a public offense punishable as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), who: (1) Knowingly and willfully transfers or...
California Penal Code Section 653i
Any person who is involved in a skiing accident and who leaves the scene of the accident knowing or having reason to believe that any other person...
California Penal Code Section 653j
(a) Every person 18 years of age or older who, in any voluntary manner, solicits, induces, encourages, or intimidates any minor with the intent that...
California Penal Code Section 653k
Every person who possesses in the passenger's or driver's area of any motor vehicle in any public place or place open to the public, carries upon his
California Penal Code Section 653m
(a) Every person who, with intent to annoy, telephones or makes contact by means of an electronic communication device with another and addresses to...
California Penal Code Section 653n
Any person who installs or who maintains after April 1, 1970, any two-way mirror permitting observation of any restroom, toilet, bathroom, washroom,...
California Penal Code Section 653o
(a) It is unlawful to import into this state for commercial purposes, to possess with intent to sell, or to sell within the state, the dead body, or...
California Penal Code Section 653o
(a) It is unlawful to import into this state for commercial purposes, to possess with intent to sell, or to sell within the state, the dead body, or...
California Penal Code Section 653p
It is unlawful to possess with the intent to sell, or to sell, within the state, the dead body, or any part or product thereof, of any species or...
California Penal Code Section 653q
It is unlawful to import into this state for commercial purposes, to possess with intent to sell, or to sell within the state, the dead body, or any...
California Penal Code Section 653r
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 3 of Chapter 1557 of the Statutes of 1970, it shall be unlawful to possess with intent to sell, or to sell,
California Penal Code Section 653s
(a) Any person who transports or causes to be transported for monetary or other consideration within this state, any article containing sounds of a...
California Penal Code Section 653t
(a) A person commits a public offense if the person knowingly and maliciously interrupts, disrupts, impedes, or otherwise interferes with the...
California Penal Code Section 653u
(a) Any person who records or masters or causes to be recorded or mastered on any article with the intent to sell for commercial advantage or private
California Penal Code Section 653v
Whenever any person is convicted of any violation of Section 653h, 653s, 653u, or 653w the court, in its judgment of conviction, shall, in addition...
California Penal Code Section 653w
(a) A person is guilty of failure to disclose the origin of a recording or audiovisual work if, for commercial advantage or private financial gain,...
California Penal Code Section 653x
(a) Any person who telephones the 911 emergency line with the intent to annoy or harass another person is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a...
California Penal Code Section 653y
(a) Any person who knowingly allows the use or who uses the 911 telephone system for any reason other than because of an emergency is guilty of an...
California Penal Code Section 653z
(a) Every person who operates a recording device in a motion picture theater while a motion picture is being exhibited, for the purpose of recording...
California Penal Code Section 653.1
(a) No person shall sell or distribute any balloon that is constructed of electrically conductive material, and filled with a gas lighter than air...
California Penal Code Section 653.2
(a) Every person who, with intent to place another person in reasonable fear for his or her safety, or the safety of the other person's immediate...
California Penal Code Section 653.20
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply: (a) "Commit prostitution" means to engage in sexual conduct for money or other...
California Penal Code Section 653.22
(a) It is unlawful for any person to loiter in any public place with the intent to commit prostitution. This intent is evidenced by acting in a...
California Penal Code Section 653.23
(a) It is unlawful for any person to do either of the following: (1) Direct, supervise, recruit, or otherwise aid another person in the commission
California Penal Code Section 653.24
If any section, subdivision, sentence, clause, phrase, or portion of this chapter is for any reason held invalid or unconstitutional by any court of...
California Penal Code Section 653.26
A violation of any provision of this chapter is a misdemeanor.
California Penal Code Section 653.28
Nothing in this chapter or Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 639) shall prevent a local governing body from adopting and enforcing laws consistent...
California Penal Code Section 653.55
It is a misdemeanor for any person for compensation to knowingly make a false or misleading material statement or assertion of fact in the...
California Penal Code Section 653.56
For purposes of this chapter: (a) "Compensation" means money, property, or anything else of value. (b) "Immigration matter" means any...
California Penal Code Section 653.57
Any person violating the provisions of this chapter may be enjoined by any superior court of competent jurisdiction upon an action for injunction,...
California Penal Code Section 653.58
Any person who intentionally violates any injunction issued pursuant to Section 653.57 shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed two thousand
California Penal Code Section 653.59
Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall be liable for a civil penalty not to exceed two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500)...
California Penal Code Section 653.60
Any person injured by violation of this chapter may recover: (a) his actual damages or five hundred dollars ($500), whichever is greater; and (b)...
California Penal Code Section 653.61
The remedies or penalties provided by this chapter are cumulative to each other and to the remedies or penalties available under all other laws of...
California Penal Code Section 653.75
Any person who commits any public offense while in custody in any local detention facility, as defined in Section 6031.4, or any state prison, as...
California Penal Code Section 654
(a) An act or omission that is punishable in different ways by different provisions of law shall be punished under the provision that provides for...
California Penal Code Section 654.1
It shall be unlawful for any person, acting individually or as an officer or employee of a corporation, or as a member of a copartnership or as a...
California Penal Code Section 654.2
The provisions of Section 654.1 of the Penal Code shall not apply to the selling, furnishing, or providing of transportation of any person or persons
California Penal Code Section 654.3
Violation of Section 654.1 shall be a misdemeanor, and upon first conviction the punishment shall be a fine of not over five hundred dollars ($500),...
California Penal Code Section 655
An act or omission declared punishable by this Code is not less so because it is also punishable under the laws of another State, Government, or...
California Penal Code Section 656
Whenever on the trial of an accused person it appears that upon a criminal prosecution under the laws of the United States, or of another state or...
California Penal Code Section 656.5
Any person convicted of a crime based upon an act or omission for which he or she has been acquitted or convicted in another country shall be...
California Penal Code Section 656.6
No international treaties or laws shall be violated to secure the return of a person who has been convicted in another country of a crime committed...
California Penal Code Section 657
A criminal act is not the less punishable as a crime because it is also declared to be punishable as a contempt.
California Penal Code Section 658
When it appears, at the time of passing sentence upon a person convicted upon indictment, that such person has already paid a fine or suffered an...
California Penal Code Section 659
Whenever an act is declared a misdemeanor, and no punishment for counseling or aiding in the commission of such act is expressly prescribed by law,...
California Penal Code Section 660
In the various cases in which the sending of a letter is made criminal by this Code, the offense is deemed complete from the time when such letter is
California Penal Code Section 661
In addition to the penalty affixed by express terms, to every neglect or violation of official duty on the part of public officers, State, county,...
California Penal Code Section 662
No person is punishable for an omission to perform an act, where such act has been performed by another person acting in his behalf and competent by...
California Penal Code Section 663
Any person may be convicted of an attempt to commit a crime, although it appears on the trial that the crime intended or attempted was perpetrated by
California Penal Code Section 664
Every person who attempts to commit any crime, but fails, or is prevented or intercepted in its perpetration, shall be punished where no provision is
California Penal Code Section 665
Sections 663 and 664 do not protect a person who, in attempting unsuccessfully to commit a crime, accomplishes the commission of another and...
California Penal Code Section 666
Every person who, having been convicted of petty theft, grand theft, auto theft under Section 10851 of the Vehicle Code, burglary, carjacking,...
California Penal Code Section 666.5
(a) Every person who, having been previously convicted of a felony violation of Section 10851 of the Vehicle Code, or felony grand theft involving an
California Penal Code Section 667
(a) (1) In compliance with subdivision (b) of Section 1385, any person convicted of a serious felony who previously has been convicted of a serious...
California Penal Code Section 667.1
Notwithstanding subdivision (h) of Section 667, for all offenses committed on or after the effective date of this act, all references to existing...
California Penal Code Section 667.5
Enhancement of prison terms for new offenses because of prior prison terms shall be imposed as follows: (a) Where one of the new offenses is one...
California Penal Code Section 667.51
(a) Any person who is convicted of violating Section 288 or 288.5 shall receive a five-year enhancement for a prior conviction of an offense...
California Penal Code Section 667.6
(a) Any person who is convicted of an offense specified in subdivision (e) and who has been convicted previously of any of those offenses shall...
California Penal Code Section 667.61
(a) Any person who is convicted of an offense specified in subdivision (c) under one or more of the circumstances specified in subdivision (d) or...
California Penal Code Section 667.7
(a) Any person convicted of a felony in which the person inflicted great bodily injury as provided in Section 12022.53 or 12022.7, or personally used
California Penal Code Section 667.70
Any person who is convicted of murder, which was committed prior to June 3, 1998, and sentenced pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of...
California Penal Code Section 667.71
(a) For the purpose of this section, a habitual sexual offender is a person who has been previously convicted of one or more of the offenses...
California Penal Code Section 667.75
Any person convicted of a violation of Section 11353, 11353.5, 11361, 11380, or 11380.5 of the Health and Safety Code who has previously served two...
California Penal Code Section 667.8
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person convicted of a felony violation of Section 261, 262, 264.1, 286, 288a, or 289 who, for the...
California Penal Code Section 667.85
Any person convicted of a violation of Section 207 or 209, who kidnapped or carried away any child under the age of 14 years with the intent to...
California Penal Code Section 667.9
(a) Any person who commits one or more of the crimes specified in subdivision (c) against a person who is 65 years of age or older, or against a...
California Penal Code Section 667.10
(a) Any person who has a prior conviction of the offense set forth in Section 289 and who commits that crime against a person who is 65 years of age...
California Penal Code Section 667.15
Any adult who, prior to or during the commission or attempted commission of a violation of Section 288 or 288.5, exhibits to the minor any matter, as
California Penal Code Section 667.16
(a) Any person convicted of a felony violation of Section 470, 487, or 532 as part of a plan or scheme to defraud an owner of a residential or...
California Penal Code Section 667.17
Any person who violates the provisions of Section 538d during the commission of a felony shall receive an additional one-year term of imprisonment to
California Penal Code Section 668
Every person who has been convicted in any other state, government, country, or jurisdiction of an offense for which, if committed within this state,
California Penal Code Section 668.5
An offense specified as a prior felony conviction by reference to a specific code section shall include any prior felony conviction under any...
California Penal Code Section 669
When any person is convicted of two or more crimes, whether in the same proceeding or court or in different proceedings or courts, and whether by...
California Penal Code Section 670
(a) Any person who violates Section 7158 or 7159 of, or subdivision (b), (c), (d), or (e) of Section 7161 of, the Business and Professions Code or...
California Penal Code Section 672
Upon a conviction for any crime punishable by imprisonment in any jail or prison, in relation to which no fine is herein prescribed, the court may...
California Penal Code Section 673
It shall be unlawful to use in the reformatories, institutions, jails, state hospitals or any other state, county, or city institution any cruel,...
California Penal Code Section 674
(a) Any person who is a primary care provider in a day care facility and who is convicted of a felony violation of Section 261, 285, 286, 288, 288a,...
California Penal Code Section 675
(a) Any person suffering a felony conviction for a violation of subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 261.5, paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (b) or...
California Penal Code Section 678
Whenever in this code the character or grade of an offense, or its punishment, is made to depend upon the value of property, such value shall be...
California Penal Code Section 679
In recognition of the civil and moral duty of victims and witnesses of crime to fully and voluntarily cooperate with law enforcement and...
California Penal Code Section 679.01
As used in this title, the following definitions shall control: (a) "Crime" means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a...
California Penal Code Section 679.02
(a) The following are hereby established as the statutory rights of victims and witnesses of crimes: (1) To be notified as soon as feasible that a
California Penal Code Section 679.026
(a) It is the intent of the people of the State of California in enacting this section to implement the rights of victims of crime established in...
California Penal Code Section 679.03
(a) With respect to the conviction of a defendant involving a violent offense, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 12021.1, the county district...
California Penal Code Section 679.04
(a) A victim of sexual assault as the result of any offense specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 264.2 has the right to have...
California Penal Code Section 679.05
(a) A victim of domestic violence or abuse, as defined in Sections 6203 or 6211 of the Family Code, or Section 13700 of the Penal Code, has the right
California Penal Code Section 679.08
(a) (1) Whenever there has been a crime committed against a victim, the law enforcement officer assigned to the case may provide the victim of the...
California Penal Code Section 680
(a) This section shall be known as and may be cited as the "Sexual Assault Victims' DNA Bill of Rights." (b) The Legislature finds and declares...
California Penal Code Section 681
No person can be punished for a public offense, except upon a legal conviction in a Court having jurisdiction thereof.
California Penal Code Section 682
Every public offense must be prosecuted by indictment or information, except: 1. Where proceedings are had for the removal of civil officers of...
California Penal Code Section 683
The proceeding by which a party charged with a public offense is accused and brought to trial and punishment, is known as a criminal action.
California Penal Code Section 684
A criminal action is prosecuted in the name of the people of the State of California, as a party, against the person charged with the offense.
California Penal Code Section 685
The party prosecuted in a criminal action is designated in this Code as the defendant.
California Penal Code Section 686
In a criminal action the defendant is entitled: 1. To a speedy and public trial. 2. To be allowed counsel as in civil actions, or to appear...
California Penal Code Section 686.1
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the defendant in a capital case shall be represented in court by counsel at all stages of the preliminary
California Penal Code Section 686.2
(a) The court may, after holding a hearing and making the findings set forth in subdivision (b), order the removal of any spectator who is...
California Penal Code Section 686.5
In any case in which a person is arrested and released without trial or in which a person is arrested, tried, and acquitted, if such person is...
California Penal Code Section 687
No person can be subjected to a second prosecution for a public offense for which he has once been prosecuted and convicted or acquitted.
California Penal Code Section 688
No person charged with a public offense may be subjected, before conviction, to any more restraint than is necessary for his detention to answer the...
California Penal Code Section 689
No person can be convicted of a public offense unless by verdict of a jury, accepted and recorded by the court, by a finding of the court in a case...
California Penal Code Section 690
The provisions of Part 2 (commencing with Section 681) shall apply to all criminal actions and proceedings in all courts, except where jurisdictional
California Penal Code Section 691
The following words have in Part 2 (commencing with Section 681) the signification attached to them in this section, unless it is otherwise apparent...
California Penal Code Section 692
Lawful resistance to the commission of a public offense may be made: 1. By the party about to be injured; 2. By other parties.
California Penal Code Section 693
Resistance sufficient to prevent the offense may be made by the party about to be injured: 1. To prevent an offense against his person, or his...
California Penal Code Section 694
Any other person, in aid or defense of the person about to be injured, may make resistance sufficient to prevent the offense.
California Penal Code Section 697
Public offenses may be prevented by the intervention of the officers of justice: 1. By requiring security to keep the peace; 2. By forming a...
California Penal Code Section 698
When the officers of justice are authorized to act in the prevention of public offenses, other persons, who, by their command, act in their aid, are...
California Penal Code Section 701
An information may be laid before any of the magistrates mentioned in Section 808, that a person has threatened to commit an offense against the...
California Penal Code Section 701.5
(a) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), no peace officer or agent of a peace officer shall use a person who is 12 years of age or younger as a minor...
California Penal Code Section 702
When the information is laid before such magistrate he must examine on oath the informer, and any witness he may produce, and must take their...
California Penal Code Section 703
If it appears from the depositions that there is just reason to fear the commission of the offense threatened, by the person so informed against, the
California Penal Code Section 704
When the person informed against is brought before the magistrate, if the charge be controverted, the magistrate shall take testimony in relation...
California Penal Code Section 705
If it appears that there is no just reason to fear the commission of the offense alleged to have been threatened, the person complained of must be...
California Penal Code Section 706
If, however, there is just reason to fear the commission of the offense, the person complained of may be required to enter into an undertaking in...
California Penal Code Section 707
If the undertaking required by the last section is given, the party informed of must be discharged. If he does not give it, the magistrate must...
California Penal Code Section 708
If the person complained of is committed for not giving the undertaking required, he may be discharged by any magistrate, upon giving the same.
California Penal Code Section 709
The undertaking must be filed by the magistrate in the office of the Clerk of the county.
California Penal Code Section 710
A person who, in the presence of a Court or magistrate, assaults or threatens to assault another, or to commit an offense against his person or...
California Penal Code Section 711
Upon the conviction of the person informed against of a breach of the peace, the undertaking is broken.
California Penal Code Section 712
Upon the District Attorney's producing evidence of such conviction to the Superior Court of the county, the Court must order the undertaking to be...
California Penal Code Section 713
In the action the offense stated in the record of conviction must be alleged as a breach of the undertaking, and such record is conclusive evidence...
California Penal Code Section 714
Security to keep the peace, or be of good behavior, cannot be required except as prescribed in this Chapter.
California Penal Code Section 723
When a sheriff or other public officer authorized to execute process finds, or has reason to apprehend, that resistance will be made to the execution
California Penal Code Section 724
The officer must certify to the Court from which the process issued the names of the persons resisting, and their aiders and abettors, to the end...
California Penal Code Section 726
Where any number of persons, whether armed or not, are unlawfully or riotously assembled, the sheriff of the county and his or her deputies, the...
California Penal Code Section 727
If the persons assembled do not immediately disperse, such magistrates and officers must arrest them, and to that end may command the aid of all...
California Penal Code Section 737
All felonies shall be prosecuted by indictment or information, except as provided in Section 859a. A proceeding pursuant to Section 3060 of the...
California Penal Code Section 738
Before an information is filed there must be a preliminary examination of the case against the defendant and an order holding him to answer made...
California Penal Code Section 739
When a defendant has been examined and committed, as provided in Section 872, it shall be the duty of the district attorney of the county in which...
California Penal Code Section 740
Except as otherwise provided by law, all misdemeanors and infractions must be prosecuted by written complaint under oath subscribed by the...
California Penal Code Section 750
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in the event that the superior court of a county having a population in excess of six million has...
California Penal Code Section 777
Every person is liable to punishment by the laws of this State, for a public offense committed by him therein, except where it is by law cognizable...
California Penal Code Section 777a
If a parent violates the provisions of Section 270 of this code, the jurisdiction of such offense is in any competent court of either the...
California Penal Code Section 777b
Perjury, in violation of Section 118, committed outside of the State of California is punishable in a competent court in the jurisdictional territory
California Penal Code Section 778
When the commission of a public offense, commenced without the State, is consummated within its boundaries by a defendant, himself outside the State,
California Penal Code Section 778a
(a) Whenever a person, with intent to commit a crime, does any act within this state in execution or part execution of that intent, which culminates...
California Penal Code Section 778b
Every person who, being out of this state, causes, aids, advises, or encourages any person to commit a crime within this state, and is afterwards...
California Penal Code Section 781
When a public offense is committed in part in one jurisdictional territory and in part in another, or the acts or effects thereof constituting or...
California Penal Code Section 782
When a public offense is committed on the boundary of two or more jurisdictional territories, or within 500 yards thereof, the jurisdiction of such...
California Penal Code Section 783
When a public offense is committed in this State, on board a vessel navigating a river, bay, slough, lake, or canal, or lying therein, in the...
California Penal Code Section 783.5
When a public offense is committed in a park situated in more than one county, the jurisdiction over such an offense is in any competent court in any
California Penal Code Section 784
The jurisdiction of a criminal action: (a) For forcibly and without lawful authority seizing and confining another, or inveigling or kidnapping...
California Penal Code Section 784.5
The jurisdiction of a criminal action for a violation of Section 277, 278, or 278.5 shall be in any one of the following jurisdictional territories:
California Penal Code Section 784.7
(a) When more than one violation of Section 220, except assault with intent to commit mayhem, 261, 262, 264.1, 269, 286, 288, 288a, 288.5, or 289...
California Penal Code Section 784.8
When charges alleging multiple violations of Section 236.1 that involve the same victim or victims in multiple territorial jurisdictions are filed in
California Penal Code Section 785
When the offense of incest is committed in the jurisdictional territory of one competent court and the defendant is apprehended in the jurisdictional
California Penal Code Section 786
(a) When property taken in one jurisdictional territory by burglary, carjacking, robbery, theft, or embezzlement has been brought into another, or...
California Penal Code Section 787
When multiple offenses punishable under one or more of Sections 11418, 11418.5, and 11419 occur in more than one jurisdictional territory, and the...
California Penal Code Section 788
The jurisdiction of a criminal action for treason, when the overt act is committed out of the State, is in any county of the State.
California Penal Code Section 789
The jurisdiction of a criminal action for stealing or embezzling, in any other state, the property of another, or receiving it knowing it to have...
California Penal Code Section 790
(a) The jurisdiction of a criminal action for murder or manslaughter is in the county where the fatal injury was inflicted or in the county in which...
California Penal Code Section 791
In the case of an accessory, as defined in Section 32, in the commission of a public offense, the jurisdiction is in any competent court within the...
California Penal Code Section 792
The jurisdiction of a criminal action against a principal in the commission of a public offense, when such principal is not present at the commission
California Penal Code Section 793
When an act charged as a public offense is within the jurisdiction of the United States, or of another state or territory of the United States, as...
California Penal Code Section 793.5
Any person convicted of a crime based upon an act or omission for which he or she has been acquitted or convicted in another country shall be...
California Penal Code Section 794
Where an offense is within the jurisdiction of two or more courts, a conviction or acquittal thereof in one court is a bar to a prosecution therefor...
California Penal Code Section 795
The jurisdiction of a violation of Sections 412, 413, or 414, or a conspiracy to violate any of said sections, is in any competent court within the...
California Penal Code Section 799
Prosecution for an offense punishable by death or by imprisonment in the state prison for life or for life without the possibility of parole, or for...
California Penal Code Section 800
Except as provided in Section 799, prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for eight years or more shall be...
California Penal Code Section 801
Except as provided in Sections 799 and 800, prosecution for an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison shall be commenced within three
California Penal Code Section 801.1
(a) Notwithstanding any other limitation of time described in this chapter, prosecution for a felony offense described in Section 261, 286, 288,...
California Penal Code Section 801.2
Notwithstanding any other limitation of time prescribed in this chapter, prosecution for a violation of subdivision (b) of Section 311.4 shall...
California Penal Code Section 801.5
Notwithstanding Section 801 or any other provision of law, prosecution for any offense described in subdivision (c) of Section 803 shall be...
California Penal Code Section 801.6
Notwithstanding any other limitation of time described in this chapter, prosecution for any offense proscribed by Section 368, except for a violation
California Penal Code Section 802
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), (c), or (d), prosecution for an offense not punishable by death or imprisonment in the state prison shall...
California Penal Code Section 803
(a) Except as provided in this section, a limitation of time prescribed in this chapter is not tolled or extended for any reason. (b) No time...
California Penal Code Section 803.5
With respect to a violation of Section 115 or 530.5, a limitation of time prescribed in this chapter does not commence to run until the discovery of...
California Penal Code Section 803.6
(a) If more than one time period described in this chapter applies, the time for commencing an action shall be governed by that period that expires...
California Penal Code Section 804
Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, for the purpose of this chapter, prosecution for an offense is commenced when any of the following...
California Penal Code Section 805
For the purpose of determining the applicable limitation of time pursuant to this chapter: (a) An offense is deemed punishable by the maximum...
California Penal Code Section 806
A proceeding for the examination before a magistrate of a person on a charge of a felony must be commenced by written complaint under oath subscribed
California Penal Code Section 807
A magistrate is an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense.
California Penal Code Section 808
The following persons are magistrates: (a) The judges of the Supreme Court. (b) The judges of the courts of appeal. (c) The judges of the...
California Penal Code Section 809
The night-time commissioner of the Santa Clara County Superior Court shall be considered a magistrate for the purpose of conducting prompt probable...
California Penal Code Section 810
(a) The presiding judge of the superior court in a county shall, as often as is necessary, designate on a schedule not less than one judge of the...
California Penal Code Section 813
(a) When a complaint is filed with a magistrate charging a felony originally triable in the superior court of the county in which he or she sits, if,
California Penal Code Section 814
A warrant of arrest issued under Section 813 may be in substantially the following form: County of ____ The people of the State of California...
California Penal Code Section 815
A warrant of arrest shall specify the name of the defendant or, if it is unknown to the magistrate, judge, justice, or other issuing authority, the...
California Penal Code Section 815a
At the time of issuing a warrant of arrest, the magistrate shall fix the amount of bail which in his judgment in accordance with the provisions of...
California Penal Code Section 816
A warrant of arrest shall be directed generally to any peace officer, or to any public officer or employee authorized to serve process where the...
California Penal Code Section 816a
A summons issued pursuant to Section 813 shall be served by any peace officer, or any public officer or employee authorized to serve process when the
California Penal Code Section 817
(a) (1) When a declaration of probable cause is made by a peace officer of this state, in accordance with subdivision (b) or (c), the magistrate, if,
California Penal Code Section 817.5
(a) On or after June 30, 2001, upon the issuance of any arrest warrant, the issuing law enforcement agency may enter the warrant information into the
California Penal Code Section 818
In any case in which a peace officer serves upon a person a warrant of arrest for a misdemeanor offense under the Vehicle Code or under any local...
California Penal Code Section 821
If the offense charged is a felony, and the arrest occurs in the county in which the warrant was issued, the officer making the arrest must take the...
California Penal Code Section 822
If the offense charged is a misdemeanor, and the defendant is arrested in another county, the officer must, without unnecessary delay, inform the...
California Penal Code Section 823
On taking the bail, the magistrate must certify that fact on the warrant, and deliver the warrant to the officer having charge of the defendant. The
California Penal Code Section 824
When an adult willfully misrepresents himself or herself to be a minor under 18 years of age when taken into custody and this misrepresentation...
California Penal Code Section 825
(a) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the defendant shall in all cases be taken before the magistrate without unnecessary delay, and, in any...
California Penal Code Section 825.5
Any physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, licensed to practice in this state, or any psychologist licensed to practice in this state who...
California Penal Code Section 826
If on a warrant issued under Section 813 or 817 the defendant is brought before a magistrate other than the one who issued the warrant, the complaint
California Penal Code Section 827
When a complaint is filed with a magistrate of the commission of a felony originally triable in the superior court of another county of the state...
California Penal Code Section 827.1
A person who is specified or designated in a warrant of arrest for a misdemeanor offense may be released upon the issuance of a citation, in lieu of...
California Penal Code Section 828
The officer who executes the warrant must take the defendant before the nearest or most accessible magistrate of the county in which the offense is...
California Penal Code Section 829
When a complaint is filed with a magistrate of the commission of a misdemeanor or infraction triable in another county of the state than that in...
California Penal Code Section 830
Any person who comes within the provisions of this chapter and who otherwise meets all standards imposed by law on a peace officer is a peace...
California Penal Code Section 830.1
(a) Any sheriff, undersheriff, or deputy sheriff, employed in that capacity, of a county, any chief of police of a city or chief, director, or chief...
California Penal Code Section 830.2
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state: (a) Any member of the Department of the California...
California Penal Code Section 830.3
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.31
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.32
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.33
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.34
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.35
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.36
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.37
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their primary duty or when...
California Penal Code Section 830.38
The officers of a state hospital under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Mental Health or the State Department of Developmental Services...
California Penal Code Section 830.39
(a) Any regularly employed law enforcement officer of the Oregon State Police, the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles and Public Safety, or the...
California Penal Code Section 830.4
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state for the purpose of performing their duties under the...
California Penal Code Section 830.5
The following persons are peace officers whose authority extends to any place in the state while engaged in the performance of the duties of their...
California Penal Code Section 830.55
(a) As used in this section, a correctional officer is a peace officer, employed by a city, county, or city and county which operates a facility...
California Penal Code Section 830.6
(a) (1) Whenever any qualified person is deputized or appointed by the proper authority as a reserve or auxiliary sheriff or city police officer, a...
California Penal Code Section 830.65
(a) Any person who is a regularly employed police officer of a city or a regularly employed deputy sheriff of a county, or a reserve peace officer of
California Penal Code Section 830.7
The following persons are not peace officers but may exercise the powers of arrest of a peace officer as specified in Section 836 during the course...
California Penal Code Section 830.8
(a) Federal criminal investigators and law enforcement officers are not California peace officers, but may exercise the powers of arrest of a peace...
California Penal Code Section 830.9
Animal control officers are not peace officers but may exercise the powers of arrest of a peace officer as specified in Section 836 and the power to...
California Penal Code Section 830.10
Any uniformed peace officer shall wear a badge, nameplate, or other device which bears clearly on its face the identification number or name of the...
California Penal Code Section 830.11
(a) The following persons are not peace officers but may exercise the powers of arrest of a peace officer as specified in Section 836 and the power...
California Penal Code Section 830.12
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, persons designated by a local agency as litter control officers, vehicle abatement officers, registered...
California Penal Code Section 830.13
(a) The following persons are not peace officers but may exercise the power to serve warrants as specified in Sections 1523 and 1530 during the...
California Penal Code Section 830.14
(a) A local or regional transit agency or a joint powers agency operating rail service identified in an implementation program adopted pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 831
(a) A custodial officer is a public officer, not a peace officer, employed by a law enforcement agency of a city or county who has the authority and...
California Penal Code Section 831.4
(a) A sheriff's or police security officer is a public officer, employed by the sheriff of a county or police chief of a city, whose primary duty is...
California Penal Code Section 831.5
(a) As used in this section, a custodial officer is a public officer, not a peace officer, employed by a law enforcement agency of San Diego County,...
California Penal Code Section 831.6
(a) A transportation officer is a public officer, not a peace officer, appointed on a contract basis by a peace officer to transport a prisoner or...
California Penal Code Section 831.7
(a) As used in this section, a custody assistant is a person who is a full-time employee, not a peace officer, employed by the county sheriff's...
California Penal Code Section 832
(a) Every person described in this chapter as a peace officer shall satisfactorily complete an introductory course of training prescribed by the...
California Penal Code Section 832.05
(a) Each state or local department or agency that employs peace officers shall utilize a person meeting the requirements set forth in subdivision (f)
California Penal Code Section 832.1
Any airport security officer, airport policeman, or airport special officer, regularly employed and paid by a city, county, city and county, or...
California Penal Code Section 832.2
Every school police reserve officer, as described in Section 38000 of the Education Code, shall complete a course of training approved by the...
California Penal Code Section 832.25
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all welfare fraud investigators or inspectors who are appointed as peace officers pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 832.3
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (e), any sheriff, undersheriff, or deputy sheriff of a county, any police officer of a city, and any police...
California Penal Code Section 832.4
(a) Any undersheriff or deputy sheriff of a county, any police officer of a city, and any police officer of a district authorized by statute to...
California Penal Code Section 832.5
(a) (1) Each department or agency in this state that employs peace officers shall establish a procedure to investigate complaints by members of the...
California Penal Code Section 832.6
(a) Every person deputized or appointed, as described in subdivision (a) of Section 830.6, shall have the powers of a peace officer only when the...
California Penal Code Section 832.7
(a) Peace officer or custodial officer personnel records and records maintained by any state or local agency pursuant to Section 832.5, or...
California Penal Code Section 832.8
As used in Section 832.7, "personnel records" means any file maintained under that individual's name by his or her employing agency and containing...
California Penal Code Section 832.9
(a) A governmental entity employing a peace officer, as defined in Section 830, judge, court commissioner, or an attorney employed by the Department...
California Penal Code Section 832.15
(a) On and after October 1, 1993, the Department of Justice shall notify a state or local agency as to whether an individual applying for a position...
California Penal Code Section 832.16
(a) On and after October 1, 1993, the Department of Justice shall notify a state or local agency employing a peace officer, as defined by this...
California Penal Code Section 832.17
(a) Upon request by a state or local agency, the Department of Justice shall notify the state or local agency as to whether an individual employed as
California Penal Code Section 833
A peace officer may search for dangerous weapons any person whom he has legal cause to arrest, whenever he has reasonable cause to believe that the...
California Penal Code Section 833.2
(a) It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage law enforcement and county child welfare agencies to develop protocols in collaboration with...
California Penal Code Section 833.5
(a) In addition to any other detention permitted by law, if a peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that a person has a firearm or other...
California Penal Code Section 834
An arrest is taking a person into custody, in a case and in the manner authorized by law. An arrest may be made by a peace officer or by a private...
California Penal Code Section 834a
If a person has knowledge, or by the exercise of reasonable care, should have knowledge, that he is being arrested by a peace officer, it is the duty
California Penal Code Section 834b
(a) Every law enforcement agency in California shall fully cooperate with the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service regarding any...
California Penal Code Section 834c
(a) (1) In accordance with federal law and the provisions of this section, every peace officer, upon arrest and booking or detention for more than...
California Penal Code Section 835
An arrest is made by an actual restraint of the person, or by submission to the custody of an officer. The person arrested may be subjected to such...
California Penal Code Section 835a
Any peace officer who has reasonable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has committed a public offense may use reasonable force to...
California Penal Code Section 836
(a) A peace officer may arrest a person in obedience to a warrant, or, pursuant to the authority granted to him or her by Chapter 4.5 (commencing...
California Penal Code Section 836.1
When a person commits an assault or battery against the person of a firefighter, emergency medical technician, or mobile intensive care paramedic...
California Penal Code Section 836.3
A peace officer may make an arrest in obedience to a warrant delivered to him, or may, without a warrant, arrest a person who, while charged with or...
California Penal Code Section 836.5
(a) A public officer or employee, when authorized by ordinance, may arrest a person without a warrant whenever the officer or employee has reasonable
California Penal Code Section 836.6
(a) It is unlawful for any person who is remanded by a magistrate or judge of any court in this state to the custody of a sheriff, marshal, or other...
California Penal Code Section 837
A private person may arrest another: 1. For a public offense committed or attempted in his presence. 2. When the person arrested has committed...
California Penal Code Section 838
A magistrate may orally order a peace officer or private person to arrest any one committing or attempting to commit a public offense in the presence
California Penal Code Section 839
Any person making an arrest may orally summon as many persons as he deems necessary to aid him therein.
California Penal Code Section 840
An arrest for the commission of a felony may be made on any day and at any time of the day or night. An arrest for the commission of a misdemeanor...
California Penal Code Section 841
The person making the arrest must inform the person to be arrested of the intention to arrest him, of the cause of the arrest, and the authority to...
California Penal Code Section 841.5
(a) Except as otherwise required by Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 1054) of Title 7, or by the United States Constitution or the California...
California Penal Code Section 842
An arrest by a peace officer acting under a warrant is lawful even though the officer does not have the warrant in his possession at the time of the...
California Penal Code Section 843
When the arrest is being made by an officer under the authority of a warrant, after information of the intention to make the arrest, if the person to
California Penal Code Section 844
To make an arrest, a private person, if the offense is a felony, and in all cases a peace officer, may break open the door or window of the house in...
California Penal Code Section 845
Any person who has lawfully entered a house for the purpose of making an arrest, may break open the door or window thereof if detained therein, when...
California Penal Code Section 846
Any person making an arrest may take from the person arrested all offensive weapons which he may have about his person, and must deliver them to the...
California Penal Code Section 847
(a) A private person who has arrested another for the commission of a public offense must, without unnecessary delay, take the person arrested before
California Penal Code Section 847.5
If a person has been admitted to bail in another state, escapes bail, and is present in this State, the bail bondsman or other person who is bail for
California Penal Code Section 848
An officer making an arrest, in obedience to a warrant, must proceed with the person arrested as commanded by the warrant, or as provided by law.
California Penal Code Section 849
(a) When an arrest is made without a warrant by a peace officer or private person, the person arrested, if not otherwise released, shall, without...
California Penal Code Section 849.5
In any case in which a person is arrested and released and no accusatory pleading is filed charging him with an offense, any record of arrest of the...
California Penal Code Section 850
(a) A telegraphic copy of a warrant or an abstract of a warrant may be sent by telegraph, teletype, or any other electronic devices, to one or more...
California Penal Code Section 851
Every officer causing telegraphic copies or abstracts of warrants to be sent, must certify as correct, and file in the telegraphic office from which...
California Penal Code Section 851.5
(a) Immediately upon being booked, and, except where physically impossible, no later than three hours after arrest, an arrested person has the right...
California Penal Code Section 851.6
(a) In any case in which a person is arrested and released pursuant to paragraph (1) or (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 849, the person shall be...
California Penal Code Section 851.7
(a) Any person who has been arrested for a misdemeanor, with or without a warrant, while a minor, may, during or after minority, petition the court...
California Penal Code Section 851.8
(a) In any case where a person has been arrested and no accusatory pleading has been filed, the person arrested may petition the law enforcement...
California Penal Code Section 851.85
Whenever a person is acquitted of a charge and it appears to the judge presiding at the trial wherein such acquittal occurred that the defendant was...
California Penal Code Section 851.90
(a) (1) Whenever a person is diverted pursuant to a drug diversion program administered by a superior court pursuant to Section 1000.5 or is admitted
California Penal Code Section 852
This chapter may be cited as the Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit.
California Penal Code Section 852.1
As used in this chapter: (a) "State" means any State of the United States and the District of Columbia. (b) "Peace officer" means any peace...
California Penal Code Section 852.2
Any peace officer of another State, who enters this State in fresh pursuit, and continues within this State in fresh pursuit, of a person in order to
California Penal Code Section 852.3
If an arrest is made in this State by a peace officer of another State in accordance with the provisions of section 852.2 of this code, he shall...
California Penal Code Section 852.4
Section 852.2 of this code shall not be construed so as to make unlawful any arrest in this State which would otherwise be lawful.
California Penal Code Section 853.1
(a) Pursuant to the authority vested in this state by Section 112 of Title 4 of the United States Code, the Legislature of the State of California...
California Penal Code Section 853.2
(a) All courts and officers now or hereafter having and exercising jurisdiction in any county which is now or may hereafter be formed in any part of...
California Penal Code Section 853.3
(a) Pursuant to the authority vested in this state by Section 112 of Title 4 of the United States Code, the Legislature of the State of California...
California Penal Code Section 853.4
(a) As used in this compact, unless the context otherwise requires, "party state" means a state that has enacted this compact. (b) If conduct is...
California Penal Code Section 853.5
(a) Except as otherwise provided by law, in any case in which a person is arrested for an offense declared to be an infraction, the person may be...
California Penal Code Section 853.6
(a) In any case in which a person is arrested for an offense declared to be a misdemeanor, including a violation of any city or county ordinance, and
California Penal Code Section 853.6a
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), if the person arrested appears to be under the age of 18 years, and the arrest is for a violation listed...
California Penal Code Section 853.7
Any person who willfully violates his or her written promise to appear or a lawfully granted continuance of his or her promise to appear in court is...
California Penal Code Section 853.7a
(a) In addition to the fees authorized or required by any other provision of law, a county may, by resolution of the board of supervisors, require...
California Penal Code Section 853.8
When a person signs a written promise to appear at the time and place specified in the written promise to appear and has not posted bail as provided...
California Penal Code Section 853.85
This chapter shall not apply in any case where a person is arrested for an offense declared to be a felony.
California Penal Code Section 853.9
(a) Whenever written notice to appear has been prepared, delivered, and filed by an officer or the prosecuting attorney with the court pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 854
If a person arrested escape or is rescued, the person from whose custody he escaped or was rescued, may immediately pursue and retake him at any time
California Penal Code Section 855
To retake the person escaping or rescued, the person pursuing may break open an outer or inner door or window of a dwelling house, if, after notice...
California Penal Code Section 858
When the defendant is brought before the magistrate upon an arrest, either with or without warrant, on a charge of having committed a public offense,
California Penal Code Section 858.5
(a) In any case in which a defendant is, on his demand, brought before a magistrate pursuant to Section 822 after arrest for a misdemeanor Vehicle...
California Penal Code Section 858.7
(a) In any case in which the defendant has been convicted of a misdemeanor and is serving a sentence as a result of such conviction and there has...
California Penal Code Section 859
When the defendant is charged with the commission of a felony by a written complaint subscribed under oath and on file in a court within the county...
California Penal Code Section 859.1
(a) In any criminal proceeding in which the defendant is charged with any offense specified in Section 868.8 on a minor under the age of 16 years, or
California Penal Code Section 859a
(a) If the public offense charged is a felony not punishable with death, the magistrate shall immediately upon the appearance of counsel for the...
California Penal Code Section 859b
At the time the defendant appears before the magistrate for arraignment, if the public offense is a felony to which the defendant has not pleaded...
California Penal Code Section 859c
Procedures under this code that provide for superior court review of a challenged ruling or order made by a superior court judge or a magistrate...
California Penal Code Section 860
At the time set for the examination of the case, if the public offense is a felony punishable with death, or is a felony to which the defendant has...
California Penal Code Section 861
(a) The preliminary examination shall be completed at one session or the complaint shall be dismissed, unless the magistrate, for good cause shown by
California Penal Code Section 861.5
Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 861, the magistrate may postpone the preliminary examination for one court day in order to accommodate the
California Penal Code Section 862
If a postponement is had, the magistrate must commit the defendant for examination, admit him to bail or discharge him from custody upon the deposit...
California Penal Code Section 863
The commitment for examination is made by an indorsement, signed by the magistrate on the warrant of arrest, to the following effect: "The within...
California Penal Code Section 864
At the examination, the magistrate must first read to the defendant the depositions of the witnesses examined on taking the information.
California Penal Code Section 865
The witnesses must be examined in the presence of the defendant, and may be cross-examined in his behalf.
California Penal Code Section 866
(a) When the examination of witnesses on the part of the people is closed, any witness the defendant may produce shall be sworn and examined. Upon
California Penal Code Section 866.5
The defendant may not be examined at the examination, unless he is represented by counsel, or unless he waives his right to counsel after being...
California Penal Code Section 867
While a witness is under examination, the magistrate shall, upon motion of either party, exclude all potential and actual witness who have not been...
California Penal Code Section 868
The examination shall be open and public. However, upon the request of the defendant and a finding by the magistrate that exclusion of the public is
California Penal Code Section 868.5
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, a prosecuting witness in a case involving a violation of Section 187, 203, 205, 207, 211, 215, 220, 240, 242,...
California Penal Code Section 868.6
(a) It is the purpose of this section to provide a nonthreatening environment for minors involved in the judicial system in order to better enable...
California Penal Code Section 868.7
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the magistrate may, upon motion of the prosecutor, close the examination in the manner described in...
California Penal Code Section 868.8
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any criminal proceeding in which the defendant is charged with a violation of Section 243.4, 261,...
California Penal Code Section 869
The testimony of each witness in cases of homicide shall be reduced to writing, as a deposition, by the magistrate, or under his or her direction,...
California Penal Code Section 870
The magistrate or his or her clerk shall keep the depositions taken on the information or the examination, until they are returned to the proper...
California Penal Code Section 871
If, after hearing the proofs, it appears either that no public offense has been committed or that there is not sufficient cause to believe the...
California Penal Code Section 871.5
(a) When an action is dismissed by a magistrate pursuant to Section 859b, 861, 871, 1008, 1381, 1381.5, 1385, 1387, or 1389 of this code or Section...
California Penal Code Section 871.6
If in a felony case the magistrate sets the preliminary examination beyond the time specified in Section 859b, in violation of Section 859b, or...
California Penal Code Section 872
(a) If, however, it appears from the examination that a public offense has been committed, and there is sufficient cause to believe that the...
California Penal Code Section 872.5
Notwithstanding Article 1 (commencing with Section 1520) of Chapter 2 of Division 11 of the Evidence Code, in a preliminary examination the content...
California Penal Code Section 873
If the offense is not bailable, the following words must be added to the indorsement: "And he is hereby committed to the Sheriff of the County of...
California Penal Code Section 875
If the offense is bailable, and the defendant is admitted to bail, the following words must be added to the order, "and that he be admitted to bail...
California Penal Code Section 876
If the magistrate order the defendant to be committed, he must make out a commitment, signed by him, with his name of office, and deliver it, with...
California Penal Code Section 877
The commitment must be to the following effect except when it is made under the provisions of section 859a of this code. County of ____ (as the...
California Penal Code Section 877a
When the commitment is made under the provisions of section 859a of this code, it must be made to the following effect: County of ____ (as the...
California Penal Code Section 878
On holding the defendant to answer or on a plea of guilty where permitted by law, the magistrate may take from each of the material witnesses...
California Penal Code Section 879
When the magistrate or a Judge of the Court in which the action is pending is satisfied, by proof on oath, that there is reason to believe that any...
California Penal Code Section 880
Infants who are material witnesses against the defendant may be required to procure sureties for their appearance, as provided in the last section.
California Penal Code Section 881
(a) If a witness, required to enter into an undertaking to appear and testify, either with or without sureties, refuses compliance with the order for
California Penal Code Section 882
When, however, it satisfactorily appears by examination, on oath of the witness, or any other person, that the witness is unable to procure sureties,
California Penal Code Section 883
When a magistrate has discharged a defendant, or has held him to answer, he must return, without delay, to the Clerk of the Court at which the...
California Penal Code Section 888
A grand jury is a body of the required number of persons returned from the citizens of the county before a court of competent jurisdiction, and sworn
California Penal Code Section 888.2
As used in this title as applied to a grand jury, "required number" means: (a) Twenty-three in a county having a population exceeding 4,000,000.
California Penal Code Section 889
An indictment is an accusation in writing, presented by the grand jury to a competent court, charging a person with a public offense.
California Penal Code Section 890
Unless a higher fee or rate of mileage is otherwise provided by statute or county or city and county ordinance, the fees for grand jurors are fifteen
California Penal Code Section 890.1
The per diem and mileage of grand jurors where allowed by law shall be paid by the treasurer of the county out of the general fund of the county upon
California Penal Code Section 891
Every person who, by any means whatsoever, willfully and knowingly, and without knowledge and consent of the grand jury, records, or attempts to...
California Penal Code Section 892
The grand jury may proceed against a corporation.
California Penal Code Section 893
(a) A person is competent to act as a grand juror only if he possesses each of the following qualifications: (1) He is a citizen of the United...
California Penal Code Section 894
Sections 204, 218, and 219 of the Code of Civil Procedure specify the exemptions and the excuses which relieve a person from liability to serve as a...
California Penal Code Section 895
During the month preceding the beginning of the fiscal year of the county, the superior court of each county shall make an order designating the...
California Penal Code Section 896
(a) Immediately after an order is made pursuant to Section 895, the court shall select the grand jurors required by personal interview for the...
California Penal Code Section 898
The list of grand jurors made in a county having a population in excess of four million shall contain the number of persons which has been designated
California Penal Code Section 899
The names for the grand jury list shall be selected from the different wards, judicial districts, or supervisorial districts of the respective...
California Penal Code Section 900
On receiving the list of persons selected by the court, the jury commissioner shall file it in the jury commissioner's office and have the list,...
California Penal Code Section 901
(a) The persons whose names are so returned shall be known as regular jurors, and shall serve for one year and until other persons are selected and...
California Penal Code Section 902
The names of persons drawn for grand jurors shall be drawn from the grand jury box by withdrawing either the pieces of paper placed therein pursuant...
California Penal Code Section 903.1
Pursuant to written rules or instructions adopted by a majority of the judges of the superior court of the county, the jury commissioner shall...
California Penal Code Section 903.2
The jury commissioner shall diligently inquire and inform himself or herself in respect to the qualifications of persons resident in his or her...
California Penal Code Section 903.3
Pursuant to the rules or instructions adopted by a majority of the judges of the superior court, the jury commissioner shall return to the judges the
California Penal Code Section 903.4
The judges are not required to select any names from the list returned by the jury commissioner, but may, if in their judgement the due...
California Penal Code Section 904
Every superior court, whenever in its opinion the public interest so requires, shall make and file with the jury commissioner an order directing a...
California Penal Code Section 904.4
(a) In any county having a population of more than 370,000 but less than 400,000 as established by Section 28020 of the Government Code, the...
California Penal Code Section 904.8
(a) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 904.6 or any other provision, in the County of Los Angeles, the presiding judge of the superior court,
California Penal Code Section 905
In all counties there shall be at least one grand jury drawn and impaneled in each year.
California Penal Code Section 905.5
(a) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (b), the grand jury shall be impaneled and serve during the fiscal year of the county in the manner...
California Penal Code Section 906
The order shall designate the time at which the drawing will take place. The names of the grand jurors shall be drawn, and the list of names...
California Penal Code Section 907
Any grand juror summoned, who willfully and without reasonable excuse fails to attend, may be attached and compelled to attend and the court may also
California Penal Code Section 908
If the required number of the persons summoned as grand jurors are present and not excused, the required number shall constitute the grand jury. If...
California Penal Code Section 908.1
When, after the grand jury consisting of the required number of persons has been impaneled pursuant to law, the membership is reduced for any reason,
California Penal Code Section 908.2
(a) Upon the decision of the superior court pursuant to Section 901 to adopt this method of selecting grand jurors, when the required number of...
California Penal Code Section 909
Before accepting a person drawn as a grand juror, the court shall be satisfied that such person is duly qualified to act as such juror. When a...
California Penal Code Section 910
No challenge shall be made or allowed to the panel from which the grand jury is drawn, nor to an individual grand juror, except when made by the...
California Penal Code Section 911
The following oath shall be taken by each member of the grand jury: "I do solemnly swear (affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United
California Penal Code Section 912
From the persons summoned to serve as grand jurors and appearing, the court shall appoint a foreman. The court shall also appoint a foreman when the
California Penal Code Section 913
If a grand jury is not in existence, the Attorney General may demand the impaneling of a grand jury by those charged with the duty to do so, and upon
California Penal Code Section 914
(a) When the grand jury is impaneled and sworn, it shall be charged by the court. In doing so, the court shall give the grand jurors such...
California Penal Code Section 914.1
When a grand jury is impaneled, for purposes which include the investigation of, or inquiry into, county matters of civil concern, the judge of the...
California Penal Code Section 914.5
The grand jury shall not spend money or incur obligations in excess of the amount budgeted for its investigative activities pursuant to this chapter...
California Penal Code Section 915
When the grand jury has been impaneled, sworn, and charged, it shall retire to a private room, except when operating under a finding pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 916
Each grand jury shall choose its officers, except the foreman, and shall determine its rules of proceeding. Adoption of its rules of procedure and...
California Penal Code Section 916.1
If the foreman of a grand jury is absent from any meeting or if he is disqualified to act, the grand jury may select a member of that body to act as...
California Penal Code Section 917
The grand jury may inquire into all public offenses committed or triable within the county and present them to the court by indictment.
California Penal Code Section 918
If a member of a grand jury knows, or has reason to believe, that a public offense, triable within the county, has been committed, he may declare it...
California Penal Code Section 919
(a) The grand jury may inquire into the case of every person imprisoned in the jail of the county on a criminal charge and not indicted. (b) The...
California Penal Code Section 920
The grand jury may investigate and inquire into all sales and transfers of land, and into the ownership of land, which, under the state laws, might...
California Penal Code Section 921
The grand jury is entitled to free access, at all reasonable times, to the public prisons, and to the examination, without charge, of all public...
California Penal Code Section 922
The powers and duties of the grand jury in connection with proceedings for the removal of district, county, or city officers are prescribed in...
California Penal Code Section 923
(a) Whenever the Attorney General considers that the public interest requires, he or she may, with or without the concurrence of the district...
California Penal Code Section 924
Every grand juror who willfully discloses the fact of an information or indictment having been made for a felony, until the defendant has been...
California Penal Code Section 924.1
(a) Every grand juror who, except when required by a court, willfully discloses any evidence adduced before the grand jury, or anything which he...
California Penal Code Section 924.2
Each grand juror shall keep secret whatever he himself or any other grand juror has said, or in what manner he or any other grand juror has voted on...
California Penal Code Section 924.3
A grand juror cannot be questioned for anything he may say or any vote he may give in the grand jury relative to a matter legally pending before the...
California Penal Code Section 924.4
Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 924.1 and 924.2, any grand jury or, if the grand jury is no longer impaneled, the presiding judge of the...
California Penal Code Section 924.6
If no indictment is returned, the court that impaneled the grand jury shall, upon application of either party, order disclosure of all or part of the
California Penal Code Section 925
The grand jury shall investigate and report on the operations, accounts, and records of the officers, departments, or functions of the county...
California Penal Code Section 925a
The grand jury may at any time examine the books and records of any incorporated city or joint powers agency located in the county. In addition to...
California Penal Code Section 926
(a) If, in the judgment of the grand jury, the services of one or more experts are necessary for the purposes of Sections 925, 925a, 928, 933.1, and...
California Penal Code Section 927
A grand jury may, and when requested by the board of supervisors shall, investigate and report upon the needs for increase or decrease in salaries of
California Penal Code Section 928
Every grand jury may investigate and report upon the needs of all county officers in the county, including the abolition or creation of offices and...
California Penal Code Section 929
As to any matter not subject to privilege, with the approval of the presiding judge of the superior court or the judge appointed by the presiding...
California Penal Code Section 930
If any grand jury shall, in the report above mentioned, comment upon any person or official who has not been indicted by such grand jury such...
California Penal Code Section 931
All expenses of the grand jurors incurred under this article shall be paid by the treasurer of the county out of the general fund of the county upon...
California Penal Code Section 932
After investigating the books and accounts of the various officials of the county, as provided in the foregoing sections of this article, the grand...
California Penal Code Section 933
(a) Each grand jury shall submit to the presiding judge of the superior court a final report of its findings and recommendations that pertain to...
California Penal Code Section 933.05
(a) For purposes of subdivision (b) of Section 933, as to each grand jury finding, the responding person or entity shall indicate one of the...
California Penal Code Section 933.06
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 916 and 940, in a county having a population of 20,000 or less, a final report may be adopted and submitted pursuant to...
California Penal Code Section 933.1
A grand jury may at any time examine the books and records of a redevelopment agency, a housing authority, created pursuant to Division 24...
California Penal Code Section 933.5
A grand jury may at any time examine the books and records of any special-purpose assessing or taxing district located wholly or partly in the county
California Penal Code Section 933.6
A grand jury may at any time examine the books and records of any nonprofit corporation established by or operated on behalf of a public entity the...
California Penal Code Section 924.2
Each grand juror shall keep secret whatever he himself or any other grand juror has said, or in what manner he or any other grand juror has voted on...
California Penal Code Section 924.3
A grand juror cannot be questioned for anything he may say or any vote he may give in the grand jury relative to a matter legally pending before the...
California Penal Code Section 924.4
Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 924.1 and 924.2, any grand jury or, if the grand jury is no longer impaneled, the presiding judge of the...
California Penal Code Section 924.6
If no indictment is returned, the court that impaneled the grand jury shall, upon application of either party, order disclosure of all or part of the
California Penal Code Section 934
(a) The grand jury may, at all times, request the advice of the court, or the judge thereof, the district attorney, the county counsel, or the...
California Penal Code Section 935
The district attorney of the county may at all times appear before the grand jury for the purpose of giving information or advice relative to any...
California Penal Code Section 936
When requested so to do by the grand jury of any county, the Attorney General may employ special counsel and special investigators, whose duty it...
California Penal Code Section 936.5
(a) When requested to do so by the grand jury of any county, the presiding judge of the superior court may employ special counsel and special...
California Penal Code Section 936.7
(a) In a county of the eighth class, as defined by Sections 28020 and 28029 of the Government Code, upon a request by the grand jury, the presiding...
California Penal Code Section 937
The grand jury or district attorney may require by subpoena the attendance of any person before the grand jury as interpreter. While his services are
California Penal Code Section 938
(a) Whenever criminal causes are being investigated before the grand jury, it shall appoint a competent stenographic reporter. He shall be sworn and
California Penal Code Section 938.1
(a) If an indictment has been found or accusation presented against a defendant, such stenographic reporter shall certify and deliver to the clerk of
California Penal Code Section 938.2
(a) For preparing any transcript in any case pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 938.1, the stenographic reporter shall draw no salary or fees...
California Penal Code Section 938.3
The services of the stenographic reporter shall constitute a charge against the county, and the stenographic reporter shall be compensated for...
California Penal Code Section 938.4
The superior court shall arrange for a suitable meeting room and other support as the court determines is necessary for the grand jury. Any costs...
California Penal Code Section 939
No person other than those specified in Article 3 (commencing with Section 934), and in Sections 939.1, 939.11, and 939.21, and the officer having...
California Penal Code Section 939.1
The grand jury acting through its foreman and the attorney general or the district attorney may make a joint written request for public sessions of...
California Penal Code Section 939.11
Any member of the grand jury who has a hearing, sight, or speech disability may request an interpreter when his or her services are necessary to...
California Penal Code Section 939.2
A subpoena requiring the attendance of a witness before the grand jury may be signed and issued by the district attorney, his investigator or, upon...
California Penal Code Section 939.21
(a) Any prosecution witness before the grand jury in a proceeding involving a violation of Section 243.4, 261, 273a, 273d, 285, 286, 288, 288a,...
California Penal Code Section 939.3
In any investigation or proceeding before a grand jury for any felony offense when a person refuses to answer a question or produce evidence of any...
California Penal Code Section 939.4
The foreman may administer an oath to any witness appearing before the grand jury.
California Penal Code Section 939.5
Before considering a charge against any person, the foreman of the grand jury shall state to those present the matter to be considered and the person
California Penal Code Section 939.6
(a) Subject to subdivision (b), in the investigation of a charge, the grand jury shall receive no other evidence than what is: (1) Given by...
California Penal Code Section 939.7
The grand jury is not required to hear evidence for the defendant, but it shall weigh all the evidence submitted to it, and when it has reason to...
California Penal Code Section 939.71
(a) If the prosecutor is aware of exculpatory evidence, the prosecutor shall inform the grand jury of its nature and existence. Once the prosecutor...
California Penal Code Section 939.8
The grand jury shall find an indictment when all the evidence before it, taken together, if unexplained or uncontradicted, would, in its judgment,...
California Penal Code Section 939.9
A grand jury shall make no report, declaration, or recommendation on any matter except on the basis of its own investigation of the matter made by...
California Penal Code Section 939.91
(a) A grand jury which investigates a charge against a person, and as a result thereof cannot find an indictment against such person, shall, at the...
California Penal Code Section 940
An indictment cannot be found without concurrence of at least 14 grand jurors in a county in which the required number of members of the grand jury...
California Penal Code Section 943
When an indictment is found, the names of the witnesses examined before the Grand Jury, or whose depositions may have been read before them, must be...
California Penal Code Section 944
An indictment, when found by the grand jury, must be presented by their foreman, in their presence, to the court, and must be filed with the clerk. ...
California Penal Code Section 945
When an indictment is found against a defendant not in custody, the same proceedings must be had as are prescribed in Sections 979 to 984, inclusive,
California Penal Code Section 948
All the forms of pleading in criminal actions, and the rules by which the sufficiency of pleadings is to be determined, are those prescribed by this...
California Penal Code Section 949
The first pleading on the part of the people in the superior court in a felony case is the indictment, information, or the complaint in any case...
California Penal Code Section 950
The accusatory pleading must contain: 1. The title of the action, specifying the name of the court to which the same is presented, and the names...
California Penal Code Section 951
An indictment or information may be in substantially the following form: The people of the State of California against A. B. In the superior court...
California Penal Code Section 952
In charging an offense, each count shall contain, and shall be sufficient if it contains in substance, a statement that the accused has committed...
California Penal Code Section 953
When a defendant is charged by a fictitious or erroneous name, and in any stage of the proceedings his true name is discovered, it must be inserted...
California Penal Code Section 954
An accusatory pleading may charge two or more different offenses connected together in their commission, or different statements of the same offense...
California Penal Code Section 954.1
In cases in which two or more different offenses of the same class of crimes or offenses have been charged together in the same accusatory pleading,...
California Penal Code Section 955
The precise time at which the offense was committed need not be stated in the accusatory pleading, but it may be alleged to have been committed at...
California Penal Code Section 956
When an offense involves the commission of, or an attempt to commit a private injury, and is described with sufficient certainty in other respects to
California Penal Code Section 957
The words used in an accusatory pleading are construed in their usual acceptance in common language, except such words and phrases as are defined by...
California Penal Code Section 958
Words used in a statute to define a public offense need not be strictly pursued in the accusatory pleading, but other words conveying the same...
California Penal Code Section 959
The accusatory pleading is sufficient if it can be understood therefrom: 1. That it is filed in a court having authority to receive it, though the
California Penal Code Section 959.1
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 740, 806, 949, and 959 or any other law to the contrary, a criminal prosecution may be commenced by filing an accusatory
California Penal Code Section 960
No accusatory pleading is insufficient, nor can the trial, judgment, or other proceeding thereon be affected by reason of any defect or imperfection...
California Penal Code Section 961
Neither presumptions of law, nor matters of which judicial notice is authorized or required to be taken, need be stated in an accusatory pleading.
California Penal Code Section 962
In pleading a judgment or other determination of, or proceeding before, a Court or officer of special jurisdiction, it is not necessary to state the...
California Penal Code Section 963
In pleading a private statute, or an ordinance of a county or a municipal corporation, or a right derived therefrom, it is sufficient to refer to the
California Penal Code Section 964
(a) In each county, the district attorney and the courts, in consultation with any local law enforcement agencies that may desire to provide...
California Penal Code Section 965
When an instrument which is the subject of an indictment or information for forgery has been destroyed or withheld by the act or the procurement of...
California Penal Code Section 966
In an accusatory pleading for perjury, or subornation of perjury, it is sufficient to set forth the substance of the controversy or matter in respect
California Penal Code Section 967
In an accusatory pleading charging the theft of money, bank notes, certificates of stock or valuable securities, or a conspiracy to cheat or defraud...
California Penal Code Section 968
An accusatory pleading charging exhibiting, publishing, passing, selling, or offering to sell, or having in possession, with such intent, any lewd or
California Penal Code Section 969
In charging the fact of a previous conviction of felony, or of an attempt to commit an offense which, if perpetrated, would have been a felony, or of
California Penal Code Section 969a
Whenever it shall be discovered that a pending indictment or information does not charge all prior felonies of which the defendant has been convicted
California Penal Code Section 969b
For the purpose of establishing prima facie evidence of the fact that a person being tried for a crime or public offense under the laws of this State
California Penal Code Section 969e
In charging the fact of a previous conviction for a violation of Section 5652 of the Fish and Game Code, or of Section 13001 or 13002 of the Health...
California Penal Code Section 969f
(a) Whenever a defendant has committed a serious felony as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7, the facts that make the crime constitute a...
California Penal Code Section 969.5
(a) Whenever it shall be discovered that a pending complaint to which a plea of guilty has been made under Section 859a does not charge all prior...
California Penal Code Section 970
When several defendants are named in one accusatory pleading, any one or more may be convicted or acquitted.
California Penal Code Section 971
The distinction between an accessory before the fact and a principal, and between principals in the first and second degree is abrogated; and all...
California Penal Code Section 972
An accessory to the commission of a felony may be prosecuted, tried, and punished, though the principal may be neither prosecuted nor tried, and...
California Penal Code Section 973
If the accusatory pleading in any criminal action has heretofore been lost or destroyed or shall hereafter be lost or destroyed, the court must, upon
California Penal Code Section 976
(a) When the accusatory pleading is filed, the defendant shall be arraigned thereon before the court in which it is filed, unless the action is...
California Penal Code Section 977
(a) (1) In all cases in which the accused is charged with a misdemeanor only, he or she may appear by counsel only, except as provided in paragraphs...
California Penal Code Section 977.1
The resolution of questions of fact or issues of law by trial or hearing which can be made without the assistance or participation of the defendant...
California Penal Code Section 977.2
(a) Notwithstanding Section 977 or any other law, in any case in which the defendant is charged with a misdemeanor or a felony and is currently...
California Penal Code Section 978
When his personal appearance is necessary, if he is in custody, the Court may direct and the officer in whose custody he is must bring him before it...
California Penal Code Section 978.5
(a) A bench warrant of arrest may be issued whenever a defendant fails to appear in court as required by law including, but not limited to, the...
California Penal Code Section 979
If the defendant has been discharged on bail or has deposited money or other property instead thereof, and does not appear to be arraigned when his...
California Penal Code Section 980
(a) At any time after the order for a bench warrant is made, whether the court is sitting or not, the clerk may issue a bench warrant to one or more...
California Penal Code Section 981
The bench warrant must be substantially in the following form: County of ____. The People of the State of California to any Sheriff, Marshal, or
California Penal Code Section 982
The defendant, when arrested under a warrant for an offense not bailable, must be held in custody by the Sheriff of the county in which the...
California Penal Code Section 983
The bench warrant may be served in any county in the same manner as a warrant of arrest.
California Penal Code Section 984
If the defendant is brought before a magistrate of another county for the purpose of giving bail, the magistrate must proceed in respect thereto in...
California Penal Code Section 985
When the information or indictment is for a felony, and the defendant, before the filing thereof, has given bail for his appearance to answer the...
California Penal Code Section 986
If the defendant is present when the order is made, he must be forthwith committed. If he is not present, a bench warrant must be issued and...
California Penal Code Section 987
(a) In a noncapital case, if the defendant appears for arraignment without counsel, he or she shall be informed by the court that it is his or her...
California Penal Code Section 987.05
In assigning defense counsel in felony cases, whether it is the public defender or private counsel, the court shall only assign counsel who...
California Penal Code Section 987.1
Counsel at the preliminary examination shall continue to represent a defendant who has been ordered to stand trial for a felony until the date set...
California Penal Code Section 987.2
(a) In any case in which a person, including a person who is a minor, desires but is unable to employ counsel, and in which counsel is assigned in...
California Penal Code Section 987.3
Whenever in this code a court-appointed attorney is entitled to reasonable compensation and necessary expenses, the judge of the court shall consider
California Penal Code Section 987.4
When the public defender or an assigned counsel represents a person who is a minor in a criminal proceeding, at the expense of a county, the court...
California Penal Code Section 987.5
(a) Every defendant shall be assessed a registration fee not to exceed twenty-five dollars ($25) when represented by appointed counsel. ...
California Penal Code Section 987.6
(a) From any state moneys made available to it for such purpose, the Department of Finance shall, pursuant to this section, pay to the counties an...
California Penal Code Section 987.8
(a) Upon a finding by the court that a defendant is entitled to counsel but is unable to employ counsel, the court may hold a hearing or, in its...
California Penal Code Section 987.81
(a) In any case in which a defendant is provided legal assistance, either through the public defender or private counsel appointed by the court, upon
California Penal Code Section 987.9
(a) In the trial of a capital case or a case under subdivision (a) of Section 190.05, the indigent defendant, through the defendant's counsel, may...
California Penal Code Section 988
The arraignment must be made by the court, or by the clerk or prosecuting attorney under its direction, and consists in reading the accusatory...
California Penal Code Section 989
When the defendant is arraigned, he must be informed that if the name by which he is prosecuted is not his true name, he must then declare his true...
California Penal Code Section 990
If on the arraignment, the defendant requires it, the defendant must be allowed a reasonable time to answer, which shall be not less than one day in...
California Penal Code Section 991
(a) If the defendant is in custody at the time he appears before the magistrate for arraignment and, if the public offense is a misdemeanor to which...
California Penal Code Section 992
(a) In any case in which the defendant is charged with a felony, the court, immediately following the arraignment in the superior court, shall...
California Penal Code Section 995
(a) Subject to subdivision (b) of Section 995a, the indictment or information shall be set aside by the court in which the defendant is arraigned,...
California Penal Code Section 995a
(a) If the names of the witnesses examined before the grand jury are not inserted at the foot of the indictment or indorsed thereon, the court shall...
California Penal Code Section 996
If the motion to set aside the indictment or information is not made, the defendant is precluded from afterwards taking the objections mentioned in...
California Penal Code Section 997
The motion must be heard at the time it is made, unless for cause the court postpones the hearing to another time. The court may entertain such...
California Penal Code Section 998
If the court directs the case to be resubmitted, or an information to be filed, the defendant, if already in custody, shall remain, unless he or she...
California Penal Code Section 999
An order to set aside an indictment or information, as provided in this chapter, is no bar to a future prosecution for the same offense.
California Penal Code Section 999a
A petition for a writ of prohibition, predicated upon the ground that the indictment was found without reasonable or probable cause or that the...
California Penal Code Section 999b
The Legislature hereby finds a substantial and disproportionate amount of serious crime is committed against the people of California by a relatively
California Penal Code Section 999c
(a) There is hereby established in the agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 a program of financial and...
California Penal Code Section 999d
Career criminal prosecution units receiving funds under this chapter shall concentrate enhanced prosecution efforts and resources upon individuals...
California Penal Code Section 999e
(a) An individual who is under arrest for the commission or attempted commission of one or more of the felonies listed in paragraph (1) and who is...
California Penal Code Section 999f
(a) Each district attorney's office establishing a career criminal prosecution unit and receiving state support under this chapter shall adopt and...
California Penal Code Section 999g
The selection criteria set forth in Section 999e shall be adhered to for each career criminal case unless, in the reasonable exercise of prosecutor's
California Penal Code Section 999h
The characterization of a defendant as a "career criminal" as defined by this chapter may not be communicated to the trier of fact.
California Penal Code Section 999i
The Legislature hereby finds that repeat sexual offenders present a clear and present danger to the mental and physical well-being of the citizens of
California Penal Code Section 999j
(a) There is hereby established in the agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 a program of financial and...
California Penal Code Section 999k
Repeat sexual offender prosecution units receiving funds under this chapter shall concentrate enhanced prosecution efforts and resources upon...
California Penal Code Section 999l
(a) An individual shall be the subject of a repeat sexual offender prosecution effort who is under arrest for the commission or attempted commission...
California Penal Code Section 999m
Each district attorney's office establishing a repeat sexual offender prosecution unit and receiving state support under this chapter shall adopt and
California Penal Code Section 999n
(a) The selection criteria set forth in Section 999l shall be adhered to for each repeat sexual offender case unless, in the reasonable exercise of...
California Penal Code Section 999o
The characterization of a defendant as a "repeat sexual offender" as defined by this chapter shall not be communicated to the trier of fact.
California Penal Code Section 999p
The agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 is encouraged to utilize any federal funds which may become...
California Penal Code Section 999q
The Legislature hereby finds that child abusers present a clear and present danger to the mental health and physical well-being of the citizens of...
California Penal Code Section 999r
(a) There is hereby established in the agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 a program of financial and...
California Penal Code Section 999s
Child abuser prosecution units receiving funds under this chapter shall concentrate enhanced prosecution efforts and resources upon individuals...
California Penal Code Section 999t
(a) An individual may be the subject of a child abuser prosecution effort who is under arrest for the sexual assault of a child, as defined in...
California Penal Code Section 999u
Each district attorney's office establishing a child abuser prosecution unit and receiving state support under this chapter shall adopt and pursue...
California Penal Code Section 999v
(a) The selection criteria set forth in Section 999t shall be adhered to for each child abuser case unless, in the reasonable exercise of...
California Penal Code Section 999w
The characterization of a defendant as a "child abuser" as defined by this chapter shall not be communicated to the trier of fact.
California Penal Code Section 999x
The agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 is encouraged to utilize any federal funds which may become...
California Penal Code Section 999y
The agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 shall report annually to the Legislature concerning the...
California Penal Code Section 1000
(a) This chapter shall apply whenever a case is before any court upon an accusatory pleading for a violation of Section 11350, 11357, 11364, 11365,...
California Penal Code Section 1000.1
(a) If the prosecuting attorney determines that this chapter may be applicable to the defendant, he or she shall advise the defendant and his or her...
California Penal Code Section 1000.2
The court shall hold a hearing and, after consideration of any information relevant to its decision, shall determine if the defendant consents to...
California Penal Code Section 1000.3
If it appears to the prosecuting attorney, the court, or the probation department that the defendant is performing unsatisfactorily in the assigned...
California Penal Code Section 1000.4
(a) Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition in those cases deferred pursuant to this chapter. Upon successful
California Penal Code Section 1000.5
(a) The presiding judge of the superior court, or a judge designated by the presiding judge, together with the district attorney and the public...
California Penal Code Section 1000.8
(a) Where a person is participating in a deferred entry of judgment program or a preguilty plea program pursuant to this chapter, the person may also
California Penal Code Section 1000.12
(a) It is the intent of the Legislature that nothing in this chapter deprive a prosecuting attorney of the ability to prosecute any person who is...
California Penal Code Section 1000.17
If the person is referred pursuant to this chapter he or she shall be responsible for paying the administrative cost of the referral and the expense...
California Penal Code Section 1001
It is the intent of the Legislature that neither this chapter, Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 1000) of this title, nor any other provision of...
California Penal Code Section 1001.1
As used in Sections 1001.2 to 1001.11, inclusive, of this chapter, pretrial diversion refers to the procedure of postponing prosecution of an offense
California Penal Code Section 1001.2
(a) This chapter shall not apply to any pretrial diversion or posttrial programs for the treatment of problem drinking or alcoholism utilized for...
California Penal Code Section 1001.3
At no time shall a defendant be required to make an admission of guilt as a prerequisite for placement in a pretrial diversion program.
California Penal Code Section 1001.4
A divertee is entitled to a hearing, as set forth by law, before his or her pretrial diversion can be terminated for cause.
California Penal Code Section 1001.5
No statement, or information procured therefrom, made by the defendant in connection with the determination of his or her eligibility for diversion,...
California Penal Code Section 1001.6
At such time that a defendant's case is diverted, any bail bond or undertaking, or deposit in lieu thereof, on file by or on behalf of the defendant...
California Penal Code Section 1001.7
If the divertee has performed satisfactorily during the period of diversion, the criminal charges shall be dismissed at the end of the period of...
California Penal Code Section 1001.8
Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition of those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter.
California Penal Code Section 1001.9
(a) Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition in those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter. Upon successful
California Penal Code Section 1001.10
(a) The judge shall require any person described in subdivision (b), as a condition of either placing the person on probation or of permitting the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.11
(a) The health department in each county shall select an agency, or agencies, in the county that shall provide AIDS prevention education to those...
California Penal Code Section 1001.15
(a) In addition to the fees authorized or required by other provisions of law, a judge may require the payment of an administrative fee, as part of...
California Penal Code Section 1001.16
(a) In addition to the fees authorized or required by other provisions of law, a judge may require the payment of an administrative fee, as part of...
California Penal Code Section 1001.20
As used in this chapter: (a) "Cognitive Developmental Disability" means any of the following: (1) "Mental retardation," meaning a condition of...
California Penal Code Section 1001.21
(a) This chapter shall apply whenever a case is before any court upon an accusatory pleading at any stage of the criminal proceedings, for any person
California Penal Code Section 1001.22
The court shall consult with the prosecutor, the defense counsel, the probation department, and the appropriate regional center in order to determine
California Penal Code Section 1001.23
(a) Upon the court's receipt of the reports from the prosecutor, the probation department, and the regional center, and a determination by the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.24
No statement, or information procured therefrom, made by the defendant to any probation officer, the prosecutor, or any regional center designee...
California Penal Code Section 1001.25
No statement, or information procured therefrom, with respect to the specific offense with which the defendant is charged, which is made to a...
California Penal Code Section 1001.26
In the event that diversion is either denied or is subsequently revoked once it has been granted, neither the probation investigation nor the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.27
At such time as the defendant's case is diverted, any bail, bond, or undertaking, or deposit in lieu thereof, on file or on behalf of the defendant...
California Penal Code Section 1001.28
The period during which criminal proceedings against the defendant may be diverted shall be no longer than two years. The responsible agency or...
California Penal Code Section 1001.29
If it appears that the divertee is not meeting the terms and conditions of his or her diversion program, the court may hold a hearing and amend such...
California Penal Code Section 1001.30
At any time during which the defendant is participating in a diversion program, he or she may withdraw consent to further participate in the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.31
If the divertee has performed satisfactorily during the period of diversion, the criminal charges shall be dismissed at the end of the diversion...
California Penal Code Section 1001.32
Any record filed with the State Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition of those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter.
California Penal Code Section 1001.33
(a) Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition in those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter. Upon successful
California Penal Code Section 1001.34
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the diversion-related individual program plan shall be fully implemented by the regional centers upon...
California Penal Code Section 1001.40
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a county acting on behalf of one or more individual courts may by ordinance establish a program that...
California Penal Code Section 1001.50
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this chapter shall become operative in a county only if the board of supervisors adopts the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.51
(a) This chapter shall apply whenever a case is before any court upon an accusatory pleading concerning the commission of a misdemeanor, except a...
California Penal Code Section 1001.52
(a) If the defendant consents and waives his right to a speedy trial, the case shall be referred to the probation department. The probation ...
California Penal Code Section 1001.53
The court shall hold a hearing and, after consideration of the probation department's report, and any other relevant information, shall determine if...
California Penal Code Section 1001.54
If it appears to the probation department that the divertee is performing unsatisfactorily in the assigned program, or that the divertee is not...
California Penal Code Section 1001.55
(a) Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition in those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter. Upon successful
California Penal Code Section 1001.60
Upon the adoption of a resolution by the board of supervisors declaring that there are sufficient funds available to fund the program, the district...
California Penal Code Section 1001.61
The district attorney may refer a bad check case to the diversion program. Except as provided in Section 1001.64, this chapter does not limit the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.62
On receipt of a bad check case, the district attorney shall determine if the case is one which is appropriate to be referred to the bad check...
California Penal Code Section 1001.63
On referral of a bad check case to the diversion program, a notice shall be forwarded by mail to the person alleged to have written the bad check...
California Penal Code Section 1001.64
The district attorney may enter into a written agreement with the person to forego prosecution on the bad check for a period to be determined by the...
California Penal Code Section 1001.65
(a) A district attorney may collect a processing fee if his or her office collects and processes a bad check. The amount of the fee shall not exceed...
California Penal Code Section 1001.66
At no time shall a defendant be required to make an admission of guilt as a prerequisite for placement in a precomplaint diversion program.
California Penal Code Section 1001.67
No statement, or information procured therefrom, made by the defendant in connection with the determination of his or her eligibility for diversion,...
California Penal Code Section 1001.70
(a) Every local prosecutor with jurisdiction to prosecute violations of Section 272 shall review annually any diversion program established pursuant...
California Penal Code Section 1001.71
This chapter shall apply whenever a case is before any court upon an accusatory pleading alleging a parent or legal guardian to have violated Section
California Penal Code Section 1001.72
(a) If the defendant consents and waives his or her right to a speedy trial, the case shall be referred to the probation department. The probation...
California Penal Code Section 1001.73
The court shall hold a hearing and, after consideration of the probation department's report, and any other relevant information, shall determine if...
California Penal Code Section 1001.74
If it appears to the probation department that the divertee is performing unsatisfactorily in the assigned program, or that the divertee is not...
California Penal Code Section 1001.75
(a) Any record filed with the Department of Justice shall indicate the disposition in those cases diverted pursuant to this chapter. Upon successful
California Penal Code Section 1001.90
(a) For all persons charged with a felony or misdemeanor whose case is diverted by the court pursuant to this title, the court shall impose on the...
California Penal Code Section 1002
The only pleading on the part of the defendant is either a demurrer or a plea.
California Penal Code Section 1003
Both the demurrer and plea must be put in, in open Court, either at the time of the arraignment or at such other time as may be allowed to the...
California Penal Code Section 1004
The defendant may demur to the accusatory pleading at any time prior to the entry of a plea, when it appears upon the face thereof either: 1. If...
California Penal Code Section 1005
The demurrer must be in writing, signed either by the defendant or his counsel, and filed. It must distinctly specify the grounds of objection to...
California Penal Code Section 1006
Upon the demurrer being filed, the argument upon the objections presented thereby must be heard immediately, unless for exceptional cause shown, the...
California Penal Code Section 1007
Upon considering the demurrer, the court must make an order either overruling or sustaining it. If the demurrer to an indictment or information is...
California Penal Code Section 1008
If the demurrer is sustained, and no amendment of the accusatory pleading is permitted, or, in case an amendment is permitted, no amendment is made...
California Penal Code Section 1009
An indictment, accusation or information may be amended by the district attorney, and an amended complaint may be filed by the prosecuting attorney,...
California Penal Code Section 1010
When an indictment or information is dismissed after the sustaining of a demurrer, or at any other stage of the proceedings because of any defect or...
California Penal Code Section 1012
When any of the objections mentioned in Section 1004 appears on the face of the accusatory pleading, it can be taken only by demurrer, and failure so
California Penal Code Section 1016
There are six kinds of pleas to an indictment or an information, or to a complaint charging a misdemeanor or infraction: 1. Guilty. 2. Not...
California Penal Code Section 1016.5
(a) Prior to acceptance of a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to any offense punishable as a crime under state law, except offenses designated as...
California Penal Code Section 1017
Every plea must be made in open court and, may be oral or in writing, shall be entered upon the minutes of the court, and shall be taken down in...
California Penal Code Section 1018
Unless otherwise provided by law, every plea shall be entered or withdrawn by the defendant himself or herself in open court. No plea of guilty of a
California Penal Code Section 1019
The plea of not guilty puts in issue every material allegation of the accusatory pleading, except those allegations regarding previous convictions of
California Penal Code Section 1020
All matters of fact tending to establish a defense other than one specified in the fourth, fifth, and sixth subdivisions of Section 1016, may be...
California Penal Code Section 1021
If the defendant was formerly acquitted on the ground of variance between the accusatory pleading and the proof or the accusatory pleading was...
California Penal Code Section 1022
Whenever the defendant is acquitted on the merits, he is acquitted of the same offense, notwithstanding any defect in form or substance in the...
California Penal Code Section 1023
When the defendant is convicted or acquitted or has been once placed in jeopardy upon an accusatory pleading, the conviction, acquittal, or jeopardy...
California Penal Code Section 1024
If the defendant refuses to answer the accusatory pleading, by demurrer or plea, a plea of not guilty must be entered.
California Penal Code Section 1025
(a) When a defendant who is charged in the accusatory pleading with having suffered a prior conviction pleads either guilty or not guilty of the...
California Penal Code Section 1026
(a) When a defendant pleads not guilty by reason of insanity, and also joins with it another plea or pleas, the defendant shall first be tried as if
California Penal Code Section 1026.1
A person committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility under the provisions of Section 1026 shall be released from the state hospital or
California Penal Code Section 1026.2
(a) An application for the release of a person who has been committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility, as provided in Section 1026,...
California Penal Code Section 1026.3
A person committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility under Section 1026, and a person placed pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section...
California Penal Code Section 1026.4
(a) Every person committed to a state hospital or other public or private mental health facility pursuant to the provisions of Section 1026, who...
California Penal Code Section 1026.5
(a) (1) In the case of any person committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility pursuant to Section 1026 or placed on outpatient status...
California Penal Code Section 1026.6
Whenever any person who has been committed to a state hospital pursuant to Section 1026 is released for any reason, including placement on outpatient
California Penal Code Section 1027
(a) When a defendant pleads not guilty by reason of insanity the court must select and appoint two, and may select and appoint three, psychiatrists,...
California Penal Code Section 1029
When an indictment is found or an information filed in the superior court against a judge thereof, a certificate of that fact must be transmitted by...
California Penal Code Section 1033
In a criminal action pending in the superior court, the court shall order a change of venue: (a) On motion of the defendant, to another county...
California Penal Code Section 1033.1
In any criminal action or proceeding in which the place of trial has been changed for any of the reasons set forth in Section 1033, the court, upon...
California Penal Code Section 1035
A defendant arrested, held, or present in a county other than that in which an indictment, information, felony complaint, or felony probation...
California Penal Code Section 1036
(a) Unless the court reserves jurisdiction to hear other pretrial motions, if a defendant is incarcerated and the court orders a change of venue to...
California Penal Code Section 1036.5
Following the resolution of pre-trial motions, and prior to the issuance of an order under Section 1036 or the transmittal of the case file for the...
California Penal Code Section 1036.7
When a change of venue is ordered and the court, upon motion to transfer a jury or on its own motion and upon unanimous consent of all defendants,...
California Penal Code Section 1037
(a) When a court orders a change of venue to a court in another county, all costs incurred by the receiving court or county, that are not payable...
California Penal Code Section 1037.1
(a) Change of venue costs, as defined in Section 1037, that are court operations, as defined in Section 77003 of the Government Code and Rule 10.810...
California Penal Code Section 1037.2
(a) Change of venue costs, as defined in Section 1037, that are incurred by the receiving county and not defined as court operations under Section...
California Penal Code Section 1038
The Judicial Council shall adopt rules of practice and procedure for the change of venue in criminal actions.
California Penal Code Section 1041
An issue of fact arises: 1. Upon a plea of not guilty. 2. Upon a plea of a former conviction or acquittal of the same offense. 3. Upon a...
California Penal Code Section 1042
Issues of fact shall be tried in the manner provided in Article I, Section 16 of the Constitution of this state.
California Penal Code Section 1042.5
Trial of an infraction shall be by the court, but when a defendant has been charged with an infraction and with a public offense for which there is a
California Penal Code Section 1043
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the defendant in a felony case shall be personally present at the trial. (b) The absence of the
California Penal Code Section 1043.5
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the defendant in a preliminary hearing shall be personally present. (b) The absence of the...
California Penal Code Section 1044
It shall be the duty of the judge to control all proceedings during the trial, and to limit the introduction of evidence and the argument of counsel...
California Penal Code Section 1045
In any misdemeanor or infraction matter, where a verbatim record of the proceedings is not required to be made and where the right of a party to...
California Penal Code Section 1046
Trial juries for criminal actions are formed in the same manner as trial juries in civil actions.
California Penal Code Section 1048
(a) The issues on the calendar shall be disposed of in the following order, unless for good cause the court directs an action to be tried out of its...
California Penal Code Section 1048.1
In scheduling a trial date at an arraignment in superior court involving murder, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 187, an alleged sexual...
California Penal Code Section 1049
After his plea, the defendant is entitled to at least five days to prepare for trial.
California Penal Code Section 1049.5
In felony cases, the court shall set a date for trial which is within 60 days of the defendant's arraignment in the superior court unless, upon a...
California Penal Code Section 1050
(a) The welfare of the people of the State of California requires that all proceedings in criminal cases shall be set for trial and heard and...
California Penal Code Section 1050.1
In any case in which two or more defendants are jointly charged in the same complaint, indictment, or information, and the court or magistrate, for...
California Penal Code Section 1050.5
(a) When, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 1050, the court imposes sanctions for failure to comply with the provisions of subdivision (b) of...
California Penal Code Section 1051
Upon a trial for any offense, if a defense witness testifies, there shall be good cause for a reasonable continuance unless the court finds that the...
California Penal Code Section 1053
If after the commencement of the trial of a criminal action or proceeding in any court the judge or justice presiding at the trial shall die, become...
California Penal Code Section 1054
This chapter shall be interpreted to give effect to all of the following purposes: (a) To promote the ascertainment of truth in trials by...
California Penal Code Section 1054.1
The prosecuting attorney shall disclose to the defendant or his or her attorney all of the following materials and information, if it is in the...
California Penal Code Section 1054.2
(a) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), no attorney may disclose or permit to be disclosed to a defendant, members of the defendant's family, or
California Penal Code Section 1054.3
The defendant and his or her attorney shall disclose to the prosecuting attorney: (a) The names and addresses of persons, other than the...
California Penal Code Section 1054.4
Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as limiting any law enforcement or prosecuting agency from obtaining nontestimonial evidence to the extent
California Penal Code Section 1054.5
(a) No order requiring discovery shall be made in criminal cases except as provided in this chapter. This chapter shall be the only means by which...
California Penal Code Section 1054.6
Neither the defendant nor the prosecuting attorney is required to disclose any materials or information which are work product as defined in...
California Penal Code Section 1054.7
The disclosures required under this chapter shall be made at least 30 days prior to the trial, unless good cause is shown why a disclosure should be...
California Penal Code Section 1054.8
(a) No prosecuting attorney, attorney for the defendant, or investigator for either the prosecution or the defendant shall interview, question, or...
California Penal Code Section 1054.9
(a) Upon the prosecution of a postconviction writ of habeas corpus or a motion to vacate a judgment in a case in which a sentence of death or of life
California Penal Code Section 1054.10
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), no attorney may disclose or permit to be disclosed to a defendant, members of the defendant's family, or...
California Penal Code Section 1065
If, either upon an exception to the challenge or a denial of the facts, the challenge is allowed, the Court must discharge the jury so far as the...
California Penal Code Section 1089
Whenever, in the opinion of a judge of a superior court about to try a defendant against whom has been filed any indictment or information or...
California Penal Code Section 1093
The jury having been impaneled and sworn, unless waived, the trial shall proceed in the following order, unless otherwise directed by the court: ...
California Penal Code Section 1093.5
In any criminal case which is being tried before the court with a jury, all requests for instructions on points of law must be made to the court and...
California Penal Code Section 1094
When the state of the pleadings requires it, or in any other case, for good reasons, and in the sound discretion of the Court, the order prescribed...
California Penal Code Section 1095
If the offense charged is punishable with death, two counsel on each side may argue the cause. In any other case the court may, in its discretion,...
California Penal Code Section 1096
A defendant in a criminal action is presumed to be innocent until the contrary is proved, and in case of a reasonable doubt whether his or her guilt...
California Penal Code Section 1096a
In charging a jury, the court may read to the jury Section 1096, and no further instruction on the subject of the presumption of innocence or...
California Penal Code Section 1097
When it appears that the defendant has committed a public offense, or attempted to commit a public offense, and there is reasonable ground of doubt...
California Penal Code Section 1098
When two or more defendants are jointly charged with any public offense, whether felony or misdemeanor, they must be tried jointly, unless the court...
California Penal Code Section 1099
When two or more defendants are included in the same accusatory pleading, the court may, at any time before the defendants have gone into their...
California Penal Code Section 1100
When two or more defendants are included in the same accusatory pleading, and the court is of opinion that in regard to a particular defendant there...
California Penal Code Section 1101
The order mentioned in Sections 1099 and 1100 is an acquittal of the defendant discharged, and is a bar to another prosecution for the same offense.
California Penal Code Section 1102
The rules of evidence in civil actions are applicable also to criminal actions, except as otherwise provided in this Code.
California Penal Code Section 1102.6
The right of a victim of crime to be present during any criminal proceeding shall be secured as follows: (a) Notwithstanding any other law, and...
California Penal Code Section 1108
Upon a trial for procuring or attempting to procure an abortion, or aiding or assisting therein, or for inveigling, enticing, or taking away an...
California Penal Code Section 1111
A conviction can not be had upon the testimony of an accomplice unless it be corroborated by such other evidence as shall tend to connect the...
California Penal Code Section 1112
Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (d) of Section 28 of Article I of the California Constitution, the trial court shall not order any...
California Penal Code Section 1113
The Court may direct the jury to be discharged where it appears that it has not jurisdiction of the offense, or that the facts charged do not...
California Penal Code Section 1114
If the jury be discharged because the Court has not jurisdiction of the offense charged, and it appear that it was committed out of the jurisdiction...
California Penal Code Section 1115
If the offense was committed within the exclusive jurisdiction of another county of this State, the Court must direct the defendant to be committed...
California Penal Code Section 1116
If the defendant is not arrested on a warrant from the proper county, as provided in section 1115, he must be discharged from custody, or his bail in
California Penal Code Section 1117
If the jury is discharged because the facts as charged do not constitute an offense punishable by law, the court must order that the defendant, if in
California Penal Code Section 1118
In a case tried by the court without a jury, a jury having been waived, the court on motion of the defendant or on its own motion shall order the...
California Penal Code Section 1118.1
In a case tried before a jury, the court on motion of the defendant or on its own motion, at the close of the evidence on either side and before the...
California Penal Code Section 1118.2
A judgment of acquittal entered pursuant to the provisions of Section 1118 or 1118.1 shall not be appealable and is a bar to any other prosecution...
California Penal Code Section 1119
When, in the opinion of the court, it is proper that the jury should view the place in which the offense is charged to have been committed, or in...
California Penal Code Section 1120
If a juror has any personal knowledge respecting a fact in controversy in a cause, he must declare the same in open court during the trial. If,...
California Penal Code Section 1121
The jurors sworn to try an action may, in the discretion of the court, be permitted to separate or be kept in charge of a proper officer. Where the...
California Penal Code Section 1122
(a) After the jury has been sworn and before the people's opening address, the court shall instruct the jury generally concerning its basic...
California Penal Code Section 1122.5
(a) The court, in its discretion, may, at each adjournment of the court before the submission of the cause to the jury, admonish the jury, whether...
California Penal Code Section 1124
The Court must decide all questions of law which arise in the course of a trial.
California Penal Code Section 1126
In a trial for any offense, questions of law are to be decided by the court, and questions of fact by the jury. Although the jury has the power to...
California Penal Code Section 1127
All instructions given shall be in writing, unless there is a phonographic reporter present and he takes them down, in which case they may be given...
California Penal Code Section 1127a
(a) As used in this section, an "in-custody informant" means a person, other than a codefendant, percipient witness, accomplice, or coconspirator...
California Penal Code Section 1127b
When, in any criminal trial or proceeding, the opinion of any expert witness is received in evidence, the court shall instruct the jury substantially
California Penal Code Section 1127c
In any criminal trial or proceeding where evidence of flight of a defendant is relied upon as tending to show guilt, the court shall instruct the...
California Penal Code Section 1127d
(a) In any criminal prosecution for the crime of rape, or for violation of Section 261.5, or for an attempt to commit, or assault with intent to...
California Penal Code Section 1127e
The term "unchaste character" shall not be used by any court in any criminal case in which the defendant is charged with a violation of Section 261,...
California Penal Code Section 1127f
In any criminal trial or proceeding in which a child 10 years of age or younger testifies as a witness, upon the request of a party, the court shall...
California Penal Code Section 1127g
In any criminal trial or proceeding in which a person with a developmental disability, or cognitive, mental, or communication impairment testifies as
California Penal Code Section 1127h
In any criminal trial or proceeding, upon the request of a party, the court shall instruct the jury substantially as follows: "Do not let bias,...
California Penal Code Section 1128
After hearing the charge, the jury may either decide in court or may retire for deliberation. If they do not agree without retiring for...
California Penal Code Section 1129
When a defendant who has given bail appears for trial, the Court may, in its discretion, at any time after his appearance for trial, order him to be...
California Penal Code Section 1130
If the prosecuting attorney fails to attend at the trial of a felony, the court must appoint an attorney at law to perform the duties of the...
California Penal Code Section 1137
Upon retiring for deliberation, the jury may take with them all papers (except depositions) which have been received as evidence in the cause, or...
California Penal Code Section 1138
After the jury have retired for deliberation, if there be any disagreement between them as to the testimony, or if they desire to be informed on any...
California Penal Code Section 1138.5
Except for good cause shown, the judge in his of her discretion need not be present in the court while testimony previously received in evidence is...
California Penal Code Section 1140
Except as provided by law, the jury cannot be discharged after the cause is submitted to them until they have agreed upon their verdict and rendered...
California Penal Code Section 1141
In all cases where a jury is discharged or prevented from giving a verdict by reason of an accident or other cause, except where the defendant is...
California Penal Code Section 1142
While the jury are absent the Court may adjourn from time to time, as to other business, but it must nevertheless be open for every purpose connected
California Penal Code Section 1147
When the jury have agreed upon their verdict, they must be conducted into court by the officer having them in charge. Their names must then be...
California Penal Code Section 1148
If charged with a felony the defendant must, before the verdict is received, appear in person, unless, after the exercise of reasonable diligence to...
California Penal Code Section 1149
When the jury appear they must be asked by the Court, or Clerk, whether they have agreed upon their verdict, and if the foreman answers in the...
California Penal Code Section 1150
The jury must render a general verdict, except that in a felony case, when they are in doubt as to the legal effect of the facts proved, they may,...
California Penal Code Section 1151
A general verdict upon a plea of not guilty is either "guilty" or "not guilty," which imports a conviction or acquittal of the offense charged in the
California Penal Code Section 1152
A special verdict is that by which the jury find the facts only, leaving the judgment to the Court. It must present the conclusions of fact as...
California Penal Code Section 1153
The special verdict must be reduced to writing by the jury, or in their presence entered upon the minutes of the Court, read to the jury and agreed...
California Penal Code Section 1154
The special verdict need not be in any particular form, but is sufficient if it presents intelligibly the facts found by the jury.
California Penal Code Section 1155
The court must give judgment upon the special verdict as follows: 1. If the plea is not guilty, and the facts prove the defendant guilty of the...
California Penal Code Section 1156
If the jury do not, in a special verdict, pronounce affirmatively or negatively on the facts necessary to enable the court to give judgment, or if...
California Penal Code Section 1157
Whenever a defendant is convicted of a crime or attempt to commit a crime which is distinguished into degrees, the jury, or the court if a jury trial
California Penal Code Section 1158
Whenever the fact of a previous conviction of another offense is charged in an accusatory pleading, and the defendant is found guilty of the offense...
California Penal Code Section 1158a
(a) Whenever the fact that a defendant was armed with a weapon either at the time of his commission of the offense or at the time of his arrest, or...
California Penal Code Section 1159
The jury, or the judge if a jury trial is waived, may find the defendant guilty of any offense, the commission of which is necessarily included in...
California Penal Code Section 1160
On a charge against two or more defendants jointly, if the jury cannot agree upon a verdict as to all, they may render a verdict as to the defendant...
California Penal Code Section 1161
When there is a verdict of conviction, in which it appears to the Court that the jury have mistaken the law, the Court may explain the reason for...
California Penal Code Section 1162
If the jury persist in finding an informal verdict, from which, however, it can be clearly understood that their intention is to find in favor of the
California Penal Code Section 1163
When a verdict is rendered, and before it is recorded, the jury may be polled, at the request of either party, in which case they must be severally...
California Penal Code Section 1164
(a) When the verdict given is receivable by the court, the clerk shall record it in full upon the minutes, and if requested by any party shall read...
California Penal Code Section 1165
Where a general verdict is rendered or a finding by the court is made in favor of the defendant, except on a plea of not guilty by reason of...
California Penal Code Section 1166
If a general verdict is rendered against the defendant, or a special verdict is given, he or she must be remanded, if in custody, or if on bail he or
California Penal Code Section 1167
When a jury trial is waived, the judge or justice before whom the trial is had shall, at the conclusion thereof, announce his findings upon the...
California Penal Code Section 1168
(a) Every person who commits a public offense, for which any specification of three time periods of imprisonment in any state prison is now...
California Penal Code Section 1170
(a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose of imprisonment for crime is punishment. This purpose is best served by terms...
California Penal Code Section 1170
(a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose of imprisonment for crime is punishment. This purpose is best served by terms...
California Penal Code Section 1170.1
(a) Except as otherwise provided by law, and subject to Section 654, when any person is convicted of two or more felonies, whether in the same...
California Penal Code Section 1170.11
As used in Section 1170.1, the term "specific enhancement" means an enhancement that relates to the circumstances of the crime. It includes, but is...
California Penal Code Section 1170.12
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a defendant has been convicted of a felony and it has been pled and proved that the defendant has...
California Penal Code Section 1170.125
Notwithstanding Section 2 of Proposition 184, as adopted at the November 8, 1994, general election, for all offenses committed on or after the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.13
Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 1170.1 which provides for the imposition of a subordinate term for a consecutive offense of one-third of...
California Penal Code Section 1170.15
Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 1170.1 which provides for the imposition of a subordinate term for a consecutive offense of one-third of...
California Penal Code Section 1170.16
In lieu of the term provided in Section 1170.1, a full, separate, and consecutive term may be imposed for each violation of subdivision (a) of...
California Penal Code Section 1170.17
(a) When a person is prosecuted for a criminal offense committed while he or she was under the age of 18 years and the prosecution is lawfully...
California Penal Code Section 1170.19
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the following shall apply to a person sentenced pursuant to Section 1170.17. (1) The person may be
California Penal Code Section 1170.2
(a) In the case of any inmate who committed a felony prior to July 1, 1977, who would have been sentenced under Section 1170 if he or she had...
California Penal Code Section 1170.3
The Judicial Council shall seek to promote uniformity in sentencing under Section 1170, by: (a) The adoption of rules providing criteria for the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.3
The Judicial Council shall seek to promote uniformity in sentencing under Section 1170, by: (a) The adoption of rules providing criteria for the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.4
The Judicial Council shall collect and analyze relevant information relating to sentencing practices in this state and other jurisdictions. Such...
California Penal Code Section 1170.45
The Judicial Council shall collect data on criminal cases statewide relating to the disposition of those cases according to the race and ethnicity of
California Penal Code Section 1170.5
The Judicial Council shall conduct annual sentencing institutes for trial court judges pursuant to Section 68551 of the Government Code, toward the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.7
Robbery or attempted robbery for the purpose of obtaining any controlled substance, as defined in Division 10 (commencing with Section 11000) of the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.71
The fact that a person who commits a violation of Section 288 has used obscene or harmful matter to induce, persuade, or encourage the minor to...
California Penal Code Section 1170.72
Upon conviction of a violation of Section 11353, 11353.5, 11353.7, 11354, 11361, or 11380 of the Health and Safety Code, or a finding of truth of an...
California Penal Code Section 1170.73
Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 11377, 11378, or 11378.5 of the Health and Safety Code, the court shall consider the quantity of...
California Penal Code Section 1170.74
Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 11377, 11378, 11379, or 11379.6 of the Health and Safety Code, for an offense involving...
California Penal Code Section 1170.76
The fact that a defendant who commits or attempts to commit a violation of Section 243.4, 245, or 273.5 is or has been a member of the household of a
California Penal Code Section 1170.78
Upon a conviction of a violation of Section 451, the fact that the person committed the offense in retaliation against the owner or occupant of the...
California Penal Code Section 1170.8
(a) The fact that a robbery or an assault with a deadly weapon or instrument or by means of any force likely to produce great bodily injury was...
California Penal Code Section 1170.81
The fact that the intended victim of an attempted life term crime was a peace officer, as described in subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 830.1, or...
California Penal Code Section 1170.82
Upon a conviction of a violation of Section 11352, 11360, 11379, or 11379.5 of the Health and Safety Code, the fact that the person who committed the
California Penal Code Section 1170.84
Upon conviction of any serious felony, listed in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7, it shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the crime
California Penal Code Section 1170.85
(a) Upon conviction of any felony assault or battery offense, it shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a term...
California Penal Code Section 1170.86
Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 220, 261, 261.5, 264.1, or 266j the fact that the felony was committed within a safe school zone, as
California Penal Code Section 1170.89
Where there is an applicable triad for an enhancement related to the possession of, being armed with, use of, or furnishing or supplying a firearm,...
California Penal Code Section 1170.9
(a) In the case of any person convicted of a criminal offense who would otherwise be sentenced to county jail or state prison and who alleges that he
California Penal Code Section 1174
This chapter shall be known as the Pregnant and Parenting Women's Alternative Sentencing Program Act.
California Penal Code Section 1174.1
For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply: (a) "Agency" means the private agency selected by the department to operate...
California Penal Code Section 1174.2
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, the unencumbered balance of Item 5240-311-751 of Section 2 of the Budget Act of 1990 shall revert to the...
California Penal Code Section 1174.3
(a) The department shall ensure that the facility designs provide adequate space to carry out this chapter, including the capability for nonsecure...
California Penal Code Section 1174.4
(a) Persons eligible for participation in this alternative sentencing program shall meet all of the following criteria: (1) Pregnant women with an
California Penal Code Section 1174.5
The department shall be responsible for the funding and monitoring of the progress, activities, and performance of each program.
California Penal Code Section 1174.7
The department shall report the status of this program to the Legislature on or before January 1, 1996, and each year thereafter.
California Penal Code Section 1174.8
(a) The department shall adopt regulations pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of...
California Penal Code Section 1174.9
A program facility administered by the Department of Corrections pursuant to this chapter is exempt from the requirements and provisions of Chapter...
California Penal Code Section 1176
When written instructions have been presented, and given, modified, or refused, or when the charge of the court has been taken down by the reporter,...
California Penal Code Section 1179
A new trial is a reexamination of the issue in the same Court, before another jury, after a verdict has been given.
California Penal Code Section 1180
The granting of a new trial places the parties in the same position as if no trial had been had. All the testimony must be produced anew, and the...
California Penal Code Section 1181
When a verdict has been rendered or a finding made against the defendant, the court may, upon his application, grant a new trial, in the following...
California Penal Code Section 1182
The application for a new trial must be made and determined before judgment, the making of an order granting probation, the commitment of a defendant
California Penal Code Section 1185
A motion in arrest of judgment is an application on the part of the defendant that no judgment be rendered on a plea, finding, or verdict of guilty,...
California Penal Code Section 1186
The court may, on its own motion, at any time before judgment is pronounced, arrest the judgment for any of the defects in the accusatory pleading...
California Penal Code Section 1187
The effect of an order arresting judgment, in a felony case, is to place the defendant in the same situation in which the defendant was immediately...
California Penal Code Section 1188
If, from the evidence on the trial, there is reason to believe the defendant guilty, and a new indictment or information can be framed upon which he...
California Penal Code Section 1191
In a felony case, after a plea, finding, or verdict of guilty, or after a finding or verdict against the defendant on a plea of a former conviction...
California Penal Code Section 1191.1
The victim of any crime, or the parents or guardians of the victim if the victim is a minor, or the next of kin of the victim if the victim has died,
California Penal Code Section 1191.10
The definition of the term "victim" as used in Section 1191.1 includes any insurer or employer who was the victim of workers' compensation fraud for...
California Penal Code Section 1191.15
(a) The court may permit the victim of any crime, or his or her parent or guardian if the victim is a minor, or the next of kin of the victim if the...
California Penal Code Section 1191.16
The victim of any crime, or the parents or guardians of the victim if the victim is a minor, or the next of kin of the victim if the victim has died,
California Penal Code Section 1191.2
In providing notice to the victim pursuant to Section 1191.1, the probation officer shall also provide the victim with information concerning the...
California Penal Code Section 1191.21
(a) (1) The agency or agencies designated by the Director of Finance pursuant to Section 13820 shall develop and make available a "notification of...
California Penal Code Section 1191.25
The prosecution shall make a good faith attempt to notify any victim of a crime which was committed by, or is alleged to have been committed by, an...
California Penal Code Section 1191.3
(a) At the time of sentencing or pronouncement of judgment in which sentencing is imposed, the court shall make an oral statement that statutory law...
California Penal Code Section 1192
Upon a plea of guilty, or upon conviction by the court without a jury, of a crime or attempted crime distinguished or divided into degrees, the court
California Penal Code Section 1192.1
Upon a plea of guilty to an information or indictment accusing the defendant of a crime or attempted crime divided into degrees when consented to by...
California Penal Code Section 1192.2
Upon a plea of guilty before a committing magistrate as provided in Section 859a, to a crime or attempted crime divided into degrees, when consented...
California Penal Code Section 1192.3
(a) A plea of guilty or nolo contendere to an accusatory pleading charging a public offense, other than a felony specified in Section 1192.5 or...
California Penal Code Section 1192.4
If the defendant's plea of guilty pursuant to Section 1192.1 or 1192.2 is not accepted by the prosecuting attorney and approved by the court, the...
California Penal Code Section 1192.5
Upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to an accusatory pleading charging a felony, other than a violation of paragraph (2), (3), or (6) of...
California Penal Code Section 1192.6
(a) In each felony case in which the charges contained in the original accusatory pleading are amended or dismissed, the record shall contain a...
California Penal Code Section 1192.7
(a) (1) It is the intent of the Legislature that district attorneys prosecute violent sex crimes under statutes that provide sentencing under a "one...
California Penal Code Section 1192.8
(a) For purposes of subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7, "serious felony" also means any violation of Section 191.5, paragraph (1) of subdivision (c)...
California Penal Code Section 1193
Judgment upon persons convicted of commission of crime shall be pronounced as follows: (a) If the conviction is for a felony, the defendant shall
California Penal Code Section 1194
When the defendant is in custody, the Court may direct the officer in whose custody he is to bring him before it for judgment, and the officer must...
California Penal Code Section 1195
If the defendant has been released on bail, or has deposited money or property instead thereof, and does not appear for judgment when his personal...
California Penal Code Section 1196
(a) The clerk must, at any time after the order, issue a bench warrant into one or more counties. (b) The clerk shall require the appropriate...
California Penal Code Section 1197
The bench warrant must be substantially in the following form: County of ____ The people of the State of California to any peace officer in...
California Penal Code Section 1198
The bench warrant may be served in any county in the same manner as a warrant of arrest.
California Penal Code Section 1199
Whether the bench warrant is served in the county in which it was issued or in another county, the officer must arrest the defendant and bring him...
California Penal Code Section 1200
When the defendant appears for judgment he must be informed by the Court, or by the Clerk, under its direction, of the nature of the charge against...
California Penal Code Section 1201
He or she may show, for cause against the judgment: (a) That he or she is insane; and if, in the opinion of the court, there is reasonable ground...
California Penal Code Section 1201.5
Any motions made subsequent to judgment must be made only upon written notice served upon the prosecution at least three days prior to the date of...
California Penal Code Section 1202
If no sufficient cause is alleged or appears to the court at the time fixed for pronouncing judgment, as provided in Section 1191, why judgment...
California Penal Code Section 1202a
If the judgment is for imprisonment in the state prison the judgment shall direct that the defendant be delivered into the custody of the Director of
California Penal Code Section 1202.05
(a) Whenever a person is sentenced to the state prison on or after January 1, 1993, for violating Section 261, 264.1, 266c, 285, 286, 288, 288a,...
California Penal Code Section 1202.1
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 120975 and 120990 of the Health and Safety Code, the court shall order every person who is convicted of, or adjudged by...
California Penal Code Section 1202.4
(a) (1) It is the intent of the Legislature that a victim of crime who incurs any economic loss as a result of the commission of a crime shall...
California Penal Code Section 1202.41
(a) (1) Notwithstanding Section 977 or any other law, if a defendant is currently incarcerated in a state prison with two-way audiovideo...
California Penal Code Section 1202.42
Upon entry of a restitution order under subdivision (c) of Section 13967 of the Government Code, as operative on or before September 28, 1994,...
California Penal Code Section 1202.43
(a) The restitution fine imposed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 13967 of the Government Code, as operative on or before September 28, 1994,...
California Penal Code Section 1202.44
In every case in which a person is convicted of a crime and a conditional sentence or a sentence that includes a period of probation is imposed, the...
California Penal Code Section 1202.45
In every case where a person is convicted of a crime and whose sentence includes a period of parole, the court shall at the time of imposing the...
California Penal Code Section 1202.46
Notwithstanding Section 1170, when the economic losses of a victim cannot be ascertained at the time of sentencing pursuant to subdivision (f) of...
California Penal Code Section 1202.5
(a) In any case in which a defendant is convicted of any of the offenses enumerated in Section 211, 215, 459, 470, 484, 487, 488, or 594, the court...
California Penal Code Section 1202.51
In any case in which a defendant is convicted of any of the offenses enumerated in Section 372, 373a, 374.3, 374.4, 374.7, or 374.8, the court shall...
California Penal Code Section 1202.6
(a) Notwithstanding Sections 120975, 120980, and 120990 of the Health and Safety Code, upon the first conviction of any person for a violation of...
California Penal Code Section 1202.7
The Legislature finds and declares that the provision of probation services is an essential element in the administration of criminal justice. The...
California Penal Code Section 1202.8
(a) Persons placed on probation by a court shall be under the supervision of the county probation officer who shall determine both the level and type
California Penal Code Section 1203
(a) As used in this code, "probation" means the suspension of the imposition or execution of a sentence and the order of conditional and revocable...
California Penal Code Section 1203.01
Immediately after judgment has been pronounced, the judge and the district attorney, respectively, may cause to be filed with the clerk of the court...
California Penal Code Section 1203.016
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the board of supervisors of any county may authorize the correctional administrator, as defined in...
California Penal Code Section 1203.017
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, upon determination by the correctional administrator that conditions in a jail facility warrant the...
California Penal Code Section 1203.02
The court, or judge thereof, in granting probation to a defendant convicted of any of the offenses enumerated in Section 290 of this code shall...
California Penal Code Section 1203.03
(a) In any case in which a defendant is convicted of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison, the court, if it concludes that a...
California Penal Code Section 1203.045
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to
California Penal Code Section 1203.046
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to
California Penal Code Section 1203.047
A person convicted of a violation of paragraph (1), (2), (4), or (5) of subdivision (c) of Section 502, or of a felony violation of paragraph (3), ...
California Penal Code Section 1203.048
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to
California Penal Code Section 1203.049
(a) Except in unusual cases where the interest of justice would best be served if the person is granted probation, probation shall not be granted to...
California Penal Code Section 1203.05
Any report of the probation officer filed with the court, including any report arising out of a previous arrest of the person who is the subject of...
California Penal Code Section 1203.055
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, in sentencing a person convicted of committing or of attempting to commit one or more of the offenses listed in...
California Penal Code Section 1203.06
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended...
California Penal Code Section 1203.065
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended...
California Penal Code Section 1203.066
(a) Notwithstanding Section 1203 or any other law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended...
California Penal Code Section 1203.067
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, before probation may be granted to any person convicted of a felony specified in Section 261, 262, 264.1, 286,...
California Penal Code Section 1203.07
(a) Notwithstanding Section 1203, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended for, any of the...
California Penal Code Section 1203.073
(a) A person convicted of a felony specified in subdivision (b) may be granted probation only in an unusual case where the interests of justice would
California Penal Code Section 1203.074
(a) A person convicted of a felony specified in subdivision (b) may be granted probation only in an unusual case where the interests of justice would
California Penal Code Section 1203.075
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended...
California Penal Code Section 1203.076
Any person convicted of violating Section 11352 of the Health and Safety Code relating to the sale of cocaine, cocaine hydrochloride, or heroin, or...
California Penal Code Section 1203.08
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended for, any adult...
California Penal Code Section 1203.085
(a) Any person convicted of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison but without an alternate sentence to a county jail shall not be
California Penal Code Section 1203.09
(a) Notwithstanding any other law, probation shall not be granted to, nor shall the execution or imposition of sentence be suspended for, any person
California Penal Code Section 1203.095
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), but notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any person convicted of a violation of paragraph (2) of
California Penal Code Section 1203.096
(a) Upon conviction of any felony in which the defendant is sentenced to state prison and in which the court makes the findings set forth in...
California Penal Code Section 1203.097
(a) If a person is granted probation for a crime in which the victim is a person defined in Section 6211 of the Family Code, the terms of probation...
California Penal Code Section 1203.097
(a) If a person is granted probation for a crime in which the victim is a person defined in Section 6211 of the Family Code, the terms of probation...
California Penal Code Section 1203.098
(a) Unless otherwise provided, a person who works as a facilitator in a batterers' intervention program that provides programs for batterers pursuant
California Penal Code Section 1203.1